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Broadcast Journalism, 7th Edition

Book Description

This seventh edition of Broadcast Journalism continues its long tradition of covering the basics of broadcasting from gathering news sources, interviewing, putting together a programme, news writing, reporting, editing, working in the studio, conducting live reports and more. The authors have brought the material further up to date with the integration of social media, uses of mobile technology, the emergence of user-generated content and updated examples, illustrations and case studies throughout. End-of-chapter exercises are also included.

New for this edition: 

  • Updated with new examples, quotes and pictures.
  • Restructured with end-of-chapter summaries, exercises for students, notes for tutors, links for further reading and references to invaluable websites and smartphone apps.
  • Extended chapters on ethics, responsibilities, interviewing, mobile newsgathering and filming.
  • New additional information on coping with reporting traumatic stories, and how news organisations use Twitter and Periscope.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. PREFACE
  6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  7. Part 1 The Principles of Broadcast Journalism
    1. Chapter 1 Do You Want the Job?
      1. An Interest in Words
      2. First Push
      3. Multitasking
      4. Interviews
      5. Formal and Practical Training for Broadcast Journalism
    2. Chapter 2 Ethics, Responsibilities and Law
      1. Regulation and Audience Attitudes
      2. Some Legal Headlines. Broadcasting Issues – Talking on Air is Publishing
    3. Chapter 3 What Makes Broadcast News?
      1. Where?
      2. Relevance
      3. Immediacy
      4. Interest
      5. Drama and Impact
      6. New, True and Interesting
      7. Different Types of News
    4. Chapter 4 News Channels, Programmes and Streams
      1. 24-Hour News
      2. The Bulletin
      3. News Programmes
      4. Documentary
      5. Who Does What?
      6. The Future
    5. Chapter 5 Where the News Comes From
      1. The Reporters
      2. Your Network
      3. Other News Media
      4. Hoaxes
      5. Planned Events
      6. Staged Events
      7. New News
    6. Chapter 6 Choosing and Chasing the Story
      1. Copytasting
      2. Newsroom Conference
      3. Balance of News
      4. Visuals and Actuality
      5. The Brief
      6. The Angle
      7. Chasing the Contact
      8. Staged News Conferences
      9. Beating the Clock
      10. Work to Sequence
      11. Don’t Panic
    7. Chapter 7 Setting up the Interview
      1. Setting up the Interview
      2. Preparing for the Interview
    8. Chapter 8 The Interview
      1. The Interviewer’s Skill
      2. During the Interview
      3. Different Types of Interview
      4. The Questions
      5. Winding up the Interview
      6. Tough Talking
      7. Being Interviewed Yourself: The Q & A
    9. Chapter 9 Writing Basics
      1. Telling the Story
      2. Writing for a Mass Audience
      3. No Second Chance
      4. Confusing Clauses
      5. Inverted Sentences
      6. Plain English
      7. Familiar Words
      8. Easy Listening
      9. Accurate English
      10. Keep it Concrete
      11. Make it Interesting
      12. Contractions
      13. Rhythm
    10. Chapter 10 Writing for News
      1. The News Angle
      2. Multi-Angled Stories
      3. Hard News Formula
      4. The Intro
      5. Placing Key Words
      6. Features Openers
      7. Developing the Story
      8. Signposting
      9. Last Line
      10. Last Words
      11. Accuracy
    11. Chapter 11 Broadcast News Style Book
      1. Clichés
      2. Journalese
      3. Hyperbole
      4. Adjectives
      5. Quotations
      6. Attribution
      7. Contentious Statements
      8. Immediacy
      9. Active
      10. Positive
      11. Redundancies
      12. Repetition
      13. Homonyms
      14. Singular or Plural?
      15. Pronouns
      16. Punctuation
      17. Spelling
      18. Abbreviations
      19. Numbers
      20. Proof Reading
      21. Ambiguity
    12. Chapter 12 Putting the Show Together
      1. Item Selection and Order
      2. ‘A Fair Picture …’
      3. Item Order
      4. Local Considerations
      5. Foreign Coverage
      6. Producing a Running Order
      7. The Openers
      8. Keeping an Audience – Headlines and Promotions
      9. Actuality
      10. Pictures
      11. Graphics
      12. Programme Balance – Being All Things to All People
      13. And Now the Good News?
      14. Making the Programme Fit
      15. Cutting
      16. Filling
      17. Backtiming
      18. Second Thoughts
    13. Chapter 13 News Anchors and Presenters
      1. The Talent
      2. Qualities of a Newscaster
      3. More Than Just a Newsreader
      4. Professionalism
      5. Voice
      6. Looks, Age, Gender, Race and Disability
    14. Chapter 14 ‘On Air!’
      1. Performance
      2. Presence
      3. Getting Through to the Audience – Rapport
      4. Know Your Material
      5. Ad-Libs
      6. The Gate
      7. Making a Swift Recovery
      8. Corpsing
      9. Relaxation
    15. Chapter 15 News Reading Mechanics
      1. Speed
      2. Breathing
      3. Projection
      4. Emphasis
      5. Pitch
      6. Microphone Technique
      7. Using the Prompter
      8. Noise, Noise, Noise
      9. Bringing the Story to Life
  8. Part 2 Radio
    1. Chapter 16 Story Treatment
      1. Breaking News
      2. Headline
      3. Copy Story
      4. Voicer or Voice Report
      5. Teaser or Taster
      6. Voice Report from the Scene
      7. Interview
      8. Newsclip
      9. Package
      10. Mini-Wrap or Bulletin Wrap
    2. Chapter 17 Recording
      1. Principles of Recording
      2. Using Portable Sound Recorders
      3. Before the Interview
    3. Chapter 18 Editing
      1. ‘You Can’t See the Join’
      2. Unethical Editing
      3. Basic Production
      4. Multi-Tracking
      5. Studio Mixing
      6. Types of Fade
    4. Chapter 19 The Studio
      1. On-Air Studio
      2. Talks Studio
      3. The Contributions Studio
      4. Remote Studios
      5. Radio Car
      6. Outside Broadcast Vehicle
      7. Mobile Phones
      8. Obscenity Button
  9. Part 3 Television
    1. Chapter 20 Television Newsroom Production
      1. The TV News Story
      2. Advantages and Disadvantages
      3. In and Out
      4. Television Newsroom Technology
      5. Order from Chaos – The Journalist’s Most Basic Need-to-Know
      6. Live – The 24/7 Newsroom
      7. Organising Material from User Generated Content (UGC) and Citizen Journalism
      8. Types of Citizen Journalism in Television News
    2. Chapter 21 Writing Television News
      1. Headlines
      2. Writing to Sound
      3. The Television News Package
      4. Using Archive
      5. What You See – What I Say
    3. Chapter 22 Gathering Television News: Reporting and Video Journalism
      1. Crew/Cameraman/Camerawoman
      2. Sound Recordist
      3. Lighting
      4. The Video Journalist (VJ)
      5. The Video Journalist Checklist
      6. Pocket News
      7. The Journalist as Advance Guard – a Recce
      8. Global News Events
    4. Chapter 23 Getting the Shots
      1. Hold the Shots
      2. Grab Action Shots First
      3. Shoot for Impact
      4. Shoot in Sequences
      5. Context
      6. Sound
      7. Interviewee Clips
      8. Cutaways and Bridge Shots
      9. The Line
      10. Continuity
      11. Buildings
      12. Piece To Camera (PTC) also Known as Stand Uppers
      13. Special Film Equipment
      14. Television Microphone Techniques for Reporters
    5. Chapter 24 Editing the Pictures and Sound
      1. Sequence of Shots
      2. Shot Length
      3. Telescoping the Action
      4. Desktop Editing
      5. The Craft Editor
      6. Recording the Commentary (Script/Track)
      7. Editing Shots for Interviews
      8. Editing Vox Pops
      9. Using Music
    6. Chapter 25 Live Reporting in Sound and Vision
      1. What Works Well?
      2. What Works Less Well?
      3. Top Tips
      4. Have A Structure
      5. Finally, Fit In
    7. Chapter 26 Data, Graphics and Visuals
      1. Still Pictures and Frame Grabs
      2. Writing to Still Pictures and Screen Insets
      3. Overlays/Chromakey/CSO
      4. Big Screen Video Wall
      5. Acronyms in Visuals
      6. Chapter 27 Presenting Television News
      7. Qualities of the Television News Presenter
      8. The Look
      9. Accessories
      10. Colours and Fabrics
      11. Prompting Script Technology
      12. ‘Fill for 90 Seconds!’
      13. Nerves
      14. Make-up and Perception
      15. ‘Coming up …’
    8. Chapter 28 The Television News Studio and Gallery
      1. Standby for Transmission
      2. The Set
      3. Control Room/Gallery
      4. Building the Programme
  10. APPENDIX 1 USEFUL TWITTER ACCOUNTS TO FOLLOW
  11. APPENDIX 2 NOTES ON THE USE OF LIVE STREAMING MOBILE-PHONE APPS FOR JOURNALISTS AND NEWS OUTLETS
  12. APPENDIX 3 GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN DIGITAL AND MULTIMEDIA BROADCASTING
  13. INDEX