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Broadband Telecommunications Technologies and Management

Book Description

The focus of this book is broadband telecommunications: both fixed (DSL, fiber) and wireless (1G-4G). It uniquely covers the broadband telecom field from technological, business and policy angles. The reader learns about the necessary technologies to a certain depth in order to be able to evaluate and analyse competing technologies. The student can then apply the results of the technology analysis to business (revenues and costs, market size, etc) to evaluate how successful a technology may be in the market place. Technology and business analyses lead to policy analysis and how government deal with rolling out of broadband networks; content (such as text, audio and video) delivered over them. Furthermore, how government may ensure a competitive and fair environment is maintained for service provision.  The book is unique in its approach as it prepares the student to evaluate products from three different viewpoints of technology-business and policy.  The book provides a unified vision for broadband communications, offering the required background as well a description of existing broadband systems, finishing with a business scenario. The book breaks new ground by discussing telecommunication technologies in a business and policy context.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Preface
    1. Book Format and Structure
  4. 1 Introduction
    1. Historical Note
    2. Why Broadband Telecommunications?
    3. Review Questions
    4. References
  5. 2 Technology, Business and Policy
    1. Historical Note: Telegraphy
    2. The Technology–Business–Policy Analysis Framework
    3. Technology
    4. Transmission Rate
    5. Coverage Area
    6. Number of Simultaneous Connections
    7. Power Consumption
    8. Quality of Service
    9. Business Issues
    10. Value Analysis
    11. Value Proposition
    12. Value Configuration
    13. Pricing
    14. Cash Flow Analysis
    15. Cost–Benefit Analysis
    16. Externality
    17. Network Effects and Platform-mediated Networks
    18. Policy Issues
    19. Broadband Telecommunications Public Policy Making
    20. Policy Instruments
    21. Policy Dynamics for Broadband Infrastructure
    22. Technology Analysis
    23. Business Analysis
    24. Policy Analysis
    25. Private Enterprise Policy Analysis
    26. Review Questions
    27. References
  6. 3 Voice Communications
    1. Historical Note
    2. Sound and Electrical Signals
    3. Switching
    4. Frequency and Bandwidth
    5. Inter-exchange Telecommunications
    6. Modulation
    7. Why is Modulation Needed?
    8. Multiplexing
    9. Teletraffic Engineering
    10. Telephone Operator Business
    11. Capital Expenditure
    12. Operational Expenditure
    13. Revenues
    14. Policy
    15. Global Standardisation
    16. Private Branch Exchange and Leased Line Business
    17. Virtual Network Operators
    18. Review Questions
    19. References
  7. 4 Information Theory
    1. Historical Note
    2. Information Theory
    3. Source Entropy
    4. Source Coding
    5. Frequency, Bandwidth and Power
    6. Channel Capacity
    7. Review Questions
    8. References
  8. 5 From Analogue to Digital
    1. Historical Note
    2. Analogue Signals
    3. Nyquist Theorem
    4. Why Digital?
    5. Bit Error Rate
    6. A to D Business Advantages
    7. Data Source Coding
    8. Source Coding
    9. Voice Source Coding
    10. Pulse Code Modulation
    11. Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation
    12. Synthesis Coding
    13. Comparison of Voice Coding Techniques
    14. Audio Coding
    15. CD Standard
    16. Free Lossless Audio Codec
    17. MP3 Standard
    18. Image Coding
    19. Lossless Image Coding
    20. Lossy Image Coding
    21. Video Coding
    22. Review Questions
    23. References
  9. 6 Error Control Coding
    1. Historical Note
    2. Codeword Sets
    3. Modulo-2 Operation
    4. Codeword Distance
    5. Common Error Control Codes
    6. Cyclic Redundancy Check Codes
    7. Bit Error Rate and Block Error Rate
    8. Error Correction Coding
    9. Hamming Codes
    10. Shannon Limit
    11. Convolutional Coding
    12. Viterbi Decoder
    13. Turbo Codes
    14. Low Density Parity Check Codes
    15. Rate Matching (Repetition and Puncturing)
    16. Data Flow Order
    17. Review Questions
    18. References
  10. 7 Digital Modulation
    1. Historical Note
    2. Digital Modulation
    3. Amplitude Shift Keying
    4. Multi-level ASK Modulation
    5. Pulse Amplitude Modulation
    6. Phase Shift Keying
    7. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
    8. Review Questions
    9. References
  11. 8 Packetised Data Communications
    1. Historical Note
    2. Data Communications
    3. Circuit Switching and Packet Switching
    4. Data Packet
    5. Protocols
    6. Open Systems Interconnection Model
    7. Internet Protocol
    8. Application Layer Protocols
    9. Transport Layer Protocols
    10. Internet Layer Protocols
    11. Link (Network Access) Layer Protocols
    12. Telecommunications Ecosystem and the Internet Protocol
    13. Switching and Routing
    14. Packet Switching Performance Metrics
    15. Review Questions
    16. References
  12. 9 Fixed Broadband Communications Systems
    1. Historical Note
    2. Twisted Pair Copper Wires
    3. Twisted Pair Copper Wire Characteristics
    4. Digital Subscriber Line
    5. Digital Subscriber Line System Architecture
    6. Discrete Multi-tone
    7. CrossTalk
    8. Digital Subscriber Line Capacity Calculations
    9. Vectored DSL
    10. ADSL/VDSL Standards Enhancements
    11. ADSL2
    12. ADSL2+
    13. ADSL2++
    14. VDSL
    15. VDSL2
    16. Latest Transmission Rates
    17. Coaxial Cable Systems
    18. Optical Fibre Systems
    19. Fibre-to-the-x
    20. Review Questions
    21. References
  13. 10 Terrestrial Broadband Wireless Telecommunications
    1. Historical Note
    2. A Wireless Telecommunications System
    3. Mobile Terrestrial Telecommunications Systems
    4. Duplex Modes
    5. Frequency Bands
    6. Terrestrial Channel Characteristics
    7. Nodes in a Mobile Telecommunications System
    8. Resource Allocation
    9. Frequency Division Multiple Access
    10. Time Division Multiple Access
    11. Code Division Multiple Access
    12. Third Generation: Digital Mobile Communications Systems
    13. Wideband CDMA
    14. W-CDMA Release 5 – Introduction of HSDPA
    15. W-CDMA Release 6 – Introduction of HSUPA
    16. Packet-switched Telecommunications in Mobile Networks
    17. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
    18. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access
    19. Fourth Generation: LTE and LTE Advanced
    20. Frequency Reuse for LTE Systems
    21. LTE Advanced
    22. Convergence in Mobile Communications Standards
    23. Backwards Compatibility
    24. Review Questions
    25. References
  14. 11 Satellite Communications
    1. Historical Note
    2. A Relay Station in the Sky
    3. Satellite Telecommunications System Structure
    4. Operating Frequencies
    5. Satellite Communications Antennas
    6. Transponder
    7. Path Loss in Space
    8. Broadband Satellite Telecommunications Systems
    9. GEO Satellite Systems
    10. Very Small Aperture Terminals
    11. Very Small Aperture Terminal Multiple Access Methods
    12. Frequency Division Multiple Access
    13. Time Division Multiple Access
    14. Frequency Reuse
    15. Mobile Communications Satellite Systems
    16. Low Earth Orbit Satellites
    17. Business Ecosystems
    18. Positioning Satellites
    19. Review Questions
    20. References
  15. 12 Personal WirelessCommunications Systems
    1. Historical Note
    2. Wireless Personal Communications
    3. IEEE Networking
    4. Industrial, Scientific and Medical Frequency Band
    5. IEEE 802.11 Standards
    6. Wi-Fi Networking
    7. Bluetooth
    8. Bluetooth Networking
    9. ZigBee
    10. ZigBee Networking
    11. Near Field Communications
    12. Visible Light Communications
    13. Review Questions
    14. References
  16. 13 Network Topologies, Design and Convergence
    1. Historical Note
    2. Cellular Topologies
    3. Cell Structure
    4. Macrocell
    5. Smaller Cell Configurations
    6. Picocell
    7. Repeaters
    8. Distributed Antenna Systems
    9. Network Planning
    10. Frequency Reuse
    11. Wireless Local Area Network Cellular Structure
    12. Wireless Local Area Network Off-loading
    13. Hierarchical and Overlay Cell Design
    14. Handover
    15. Network Backhaul
    16. Next Generation Networks
    17. Infrastructure Convergence
    18. Fixed Mobile Convergence
    19. Self-organising Networks
    20. Review Questions
    21. References
  17. 14 Content Delivery and Net Neutrality
    1. Historical Note
    2. Content and Service Provision
    3. Service Provision
    4. Content Provision
    5. Traffic Classification
    6. Revenue Flow
    7. Operators and Content Business
    8. Vertical Integration
    9. Portal Ownership
    10. Content Delivery Networks
    11. Network Neutrality
    12. Review Questions
    13. References
  18. Acknowledgements
  19. Case Study Index
  20. Index
  21. End User License Agreement