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Bridges, Pathways and Transitions by Gail Whiteford, Mahsood Shah

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Chapter 8

Widening Participation in Higher Education

Preparatory Education Program for Students From Ethnic Minority Backgrounds

Diya Hu1 and Jian Liu2,    1Minzu University of China, Beijing, China,    2Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Abstract

Preparatory Education for Ethnic Minorities (PEEM) is an important part of preferential policies of higher education for ethnic minorities in China, formulated and implemented for the national political and developmental needs. Started in the early 1950s, it is designed to embrace the guiding principle of educational policy-making for ethnic minorities in China equity by “positive differential treatment.” PEEM is designated to admit ethnic minority students with a relatively lower cutoff ...

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