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Body Area Communications: Channel Modeling, Communication Systems, and EMC

Book Description

Providing an introduction to the fundamentals of body area communications, this book covers the key topics of channel modeling, modulation and demodulation, and performance evaluation

A systematic introduction to body area networks (BAN), this book focuses on three major parts: channel modeling, modulation/demodulation communications performance, and electromagnetic compatibility considerations. The content is logically structured to lead readers from an introductory level through to in-depth and more advanced topics.

  • Provides a concise introduction to this emerging topic based on classroom-tested materials

  • Details the latest IEEE 802.15.6 standard activities

  • Moves from very basic physics, to useful mathematic models, and then to practical considerations

  • Covers not only EM physics and communications, but also biological applications

  • Topics approached include: link budget, bit error rate performance, RAKE and diversity reception; SAR analysis for human safety evaluation; and modeling of electromagnetic interference to implanted cardiac pacemakers

  • Provides Matlab and Fortran programs for download from the Companion Website

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Preface
  5. Chapter 1: Introduction to Body Area Communications
    1. 1.1 Definition
    2. 1.2 Promising Applications
    3. 1.3 Available Frequency Bands
    4. 1.4 Standardization (IEEE Std 802.15.6-2012)
    5. References
  6. Chapter 2: Electromagnetic Characteristics of the Human Body
    1. 2.1 Human Body Composition
    2. 2.2 Frequency-Dependent Dielectric Properties
    3. 2.3 Tissue Property Modeling
    4. 2.4 Aging Dependence of Tissue Properties
    5. 2.5 Penetration Depth versus Frequency
    6. 2.6 In-Body Absorption Characteristic
    7. 2.7 On-Body Propagation Mechanism
    8. 2.8 Diffraction Characteristic
    9. References
  7. Chapter 3: Electromagnetic Analysis Methods
    1. 3.1 Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method
    2. 3.2 MoM-FDTD Hybrid Method
    3. 3.3 Finite Element Method
    4. 3.4 Numerical Human Body Model
    5. References
  8. Chapter 4: Body Area Channel Modeling
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Path Loss Model
    3. 4.3 Multipath Channel Model
    4. References
  9. Chapter 5: Modulation/Demodulation
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Modulation Schemes
    3. 5.3 Demodulation and Error Probability
    4. 5.4 RAKE Reception
    5. 5.5 Diversity Reception
    6. References
  10. Chapter 6: Body Area Communication Performance
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 On-Body UWB Communication
    3. 6.3 In-Body UWB Communication
    4. 6.4 In-Body MICS-Band Communication
    5. 6.5 Human Body Communication
    6. 6.6 Dual Mode Body Area Communication
    7. References
  11. Chapter 7: Electromagnetic Compatibility Considerations
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 SAR Analysis
    3. 7.3 Electromagnetic Interference Analysis for the Cardiac Pacemaker
    4. References
  12. Chapter 8: Summary and Future Challenges
  13. Index