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Blender 3D 2.49 Incredible Machines

Book Description

Modeling, rendering, and animating realistic machines with Blender 3D

  • Walk through the complete process of building amazing machines

  • Model and create mechanical models and vehicles with detailed designs

  • Add advanced global illumination options to the renders created in Blender 3D using YafaRay and LuxRender

  • Create machines such as a handgun, a steam punk spacecraft, and a transforming robot

  • In Detail

    Blender 3D provides all the features you need to create super-realistic 3D models of machines for use in artwork, movies, and computer games. Blender 3D 2.49 Incredible Machines gives you step-by-step instructions for building weapons, vehicles, robots, and more.

    This book will show you how to use Blender 3D for mechanical modeling and product visualization. Through the pages of the book, you will find a step-by-step guide to create three different projects: a fantasy weapon, a spacecraft, and a giant robot. Even though these machines are not realistic, you will be able to build your own sensible and incredible machines with the techniques that you will learn in this book along with the exercises and examples.

    All the three sections of this book, which cover three projects, are planned to have an increasing learning curve. The first project is about a hand weapon, and with that we can image a small-sized object with tiny details. This first part of the book will show you how to deal with these details and model them in Blender 3D.

    In the second project, we will create a spacecraft, adding a bit of scale to the project, and new materials and textures as well. With this project, we will be working with metal, glass, and other elements that make the spacecraft. Along with the object, a new space environment will be created in the book too.

    At the end we have a big and complex object, which is the transforming robot. This last part of the book will cover the modeling of two objects and show how you can make one transform into the other. The scale and number of objects in this project are quite big, but the same principles as in the other projects are applied here with a step-by-step guide on how to go through the workflow of the project.

    Table of Contents

    1. Blender 3D 2.49 Incredible Machines
      1. Blender 3D 2.49 Incredible Machines
      2. Credits
      3. About the Author
      4. About the Reviewers
      5. Preface
        1. What this book covers
        2. What you need for this book
        3. Who this book is for
        4. Conventions
        5. Reader feedback
        6. Customer support
          1. Errata
          2. Piracy
          3. Questions
      6. 1. Machinery Modeling and Visualization with Blender
        1. Blender history
        2. Working with Blender
          1. Blender 3D, YafaRay, and GIMP
        3. What is an Incredible Machine?
          1. How the book is organized
          2. Do I have to know Blender already?
          3. How to know more about Blender 3D
        4. Summary
      7. 2. Modeling a Handgun
        1. Briefing and concept
          1. Objectives
          2. Why a hand weapon?
          3. Parts of the model
        2. Modeling workflow
        3. Best modeling technique for this project
        4. Effects and rendering
        5. Summary
      8. 3. Polygon Modeling of the Weapon
        1. Starting with a background image
        2. Using subdivision to model
          1. Modeling the hand wrap
          2. Modeling the small and removable parts
            1. Using hooks to place and align objects
        3. Summary
      9. 4. Adding Details
        1. Tools and techniques for detailing
        2. Face normals
          1. Adding the handgrip
          2. Using the spin tool to close a model
          3. Adding creases and rounded details
        3. Summary
      10. 5. Rendering the Project with YafaRay
        1. YafaRay renderer
          1. Installing YafaRay
        2. Creating a studio environment
        3. Adding light to the scene
        4. How YafaRay works
        5. Setting lights in YafaRay
        6. Adding materials to the weapon
        7. Framing the weapon
        8. Final render with YafaRay
        9. Summary
      11. 6. Steampunk Spacecraft
        1. Steampunk concept
        2. Spacecraft concept
        3. Project workflow
        4. Building edges and planes for the spacecraft
          1. Creating the first section of the spacecraft
        5. Modeling the wing
        6. Modeling the front
        7. Summary
      12. 7. Working with Smaller Areas
        1. Modeling the front of the spacecraft
        2. Adding details to the wing
          1. Modeling the engines
        3. Creating the bottom of the spacecraft
        4. Creating the weapons
        5. Mirroring the spacecraft
        6. Closing the cockpit
        7. Detailing the fuselage
          1. Modeling auxiliary engines
        8. Adding cables and wires
          1. Using curves
            1. Twisting the cables
          2. Adding the cables to the model
        9. Summary
      13. 8. Advanced UV Mapping
        1. UV mapping in Blender
          1. What is UV mapping?
          2. Using UV mapping in Blender
        2. Using smart projections
        3. UV test grid
        4. Using the unwrap tool
          1. Planning the unwrap
        5. Controlling and editing the UV layout
          1. Pinning and unpinning vertices
          2. Live Unwrap Transform
        6. Editing the UV
        7. Exporting the layout
        8. Editing the texture
        9. Summary
      14. 9. Putting the Spacecraft to Fly and Shoot with Special Effects
        1. Blender particles
        2. How particles work
          1. Creating particles
            1. Adding speed and force fields
        3. The rear engine
        4. The guns
        5. Summary
      15. 10. Rendering the Spacecraft with YafaRay
        1. Environment setup in YafaRay—creating a physical sky
          1. Single Color
          2. Gradient
          3. Texture
          4. SunSky
          5. DarkTide's SunSky
        2. Materials and textures in YafaRay
          1. Setting up a metal material
          2. Creating the glass in the cockpit
        3. Rendering the scene
          1. Rendering a night view of the spacecraft
        4. Summary
      16. 11. Transforming Robot
        1. What is a transforming robot?
          1. How big will the robot be?
          2. Textures and materials
        2. Rendering with LuxRender
        3. Mixing modeling and animation
        4. Modeling the object with poly modeling
        5. Choosing a modeling technique
          1. Modeling the legs
        6. Modeling the main body
        7. Modeling the head
        8. Modeling the arms
        9. Summary
      17. 12. Using Modifiers and Curves to Create Details for the Robot and Scene
        1. Modifiers
          1. Using the bevel modifier to chamfer the edges of the model
          2. Using the array modifier to add rivets
            1. Creating wires and cables with curves and hooks
        2. Adding details to the robot
        3. Modeling the scenario
        4. Modeling the stands for the robots
        5. Creating the storage boxes
        6. Modeling lights
        7. Summary
      18. 13. Making the Robot Look Metallic with Materials in LuxRender
        1. Installing LuxRender
          1. Using LuxBlend
        2. Setting up materials for the robot
          1. Adding textures to the ground of the scene
        3. Summary
      19. 14. Adding Lights to the Scene and Rendering with LuxRender
        1. Unbiased render engine—how it works
        2. How to add light sources in LuxRender
          1. Using objects as light sources
          2. Light groups
          3. Environment for rendering
        3. Rendering the scene
        4. Summary
      20. 15. It's Alive! Animating the Robot
        1. Animation controls and hierarchies
          1. Removing the hierarchy
        2. Joints and pivots
          1. Using empties as helper objects
          2. Pivots without empties
        3. Posing the robot
          1. Using two robots for posing
        4. Basic animation with the robot
          1. Adding keyframes and movement
          2. Animating objects
          3. Erasing keyframes
        5. Distributing the robots
        6. Rendering and animating the lights
        7. Summary
      21. 16. Post Production of the Robot
        1. Using LuxRender for post production
          1. Saving and resuming a render
        2. Applying lens effects
          1. Gaussian Bloom
          2. Vignetting
          3. C. Aberration
          4. Glare
          5. HDR Histogram
        3. Noise reduction
        4. Removing the noise in GIMP
        5. Summary