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Biosensors Nanotechnology

Book Description

A new emerging field that combines nanoscale materials and biosensor technology is receiving increased attention. Nanostructures have been used to achieve direct wiring of biosensing elements to electrode surfaces, to promote bio-reactions, to impose nanobarcodes on biomaterials, and to amplify the signal from bio-recognition events. Nanomaterials based biosensors have found wide spread applications in the environmental and medical applications for their sensitivity, specificity, rapidity, simplicity, and cost-effectiveness.

In the same pursuit, Biosensors Nanotechnology provides detailed review chapters on a range of nanostructures such as nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, nanoribbons, nanorods, nanobelts and nanosheets in the construction of biosensors with set applications of biosensors nanotechnology for biological and chemical analyses, food safety industry, biomedical diagnostics, clinical detection, and environmental monitoring.

The senior contributors write on the following topics:

  • ZnO and graphene microelectrode applications in biosensing

  • Assembly of polymers/metal nanoparticles

  • Gold nanoparticle-based electrochemical biosensors

  • Impedimetric DNA sensing employing nanomaterials

  • Graphene and carbon nanotube based biosensors

  • The-state-of-art of nanomedicine

  • Computational nanochemistry study

  • BFPF green fluorescent protein chromophore

  • Biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles

  • Ionic discotic liquid crystals

  • Role of advanced materials as nanosensors in water treatment

  • Bioconjugated-nanoporous gold films in electrochemical biosensors

  • Combination of molecular imprinting and nanotechnology

  • Recent development of fiber reinforced composite materials

  • Principal and properties of multiferroics and ceramics

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Half Title page
    3. Title page
    4. Copyright page
    5. Preface
    6. Part 1: New Materials and Methods
      1. Chapter 1: ZnO and Graphene Microelectrode Applications in Biosensing
        1. 1.1 Biosensors Based on Nanostructured Materials
        2. 1.2 Graphene Nanomaterials Used in Electrochemical Biosensor Fabrication
        3. 1.3 ZnO Nanostructures Used in the Fabrication of Electrochemical Biosensors
        4. 1.4 Miniaturized Graphene and ZnO Nanostructured Electrochemical Biosensors for Food and Clinical Applications
        5. 1.5 Conclusions and Future Prospects
        6. Acknowledgements
        7. References
      2. Chapter 2: Assembly of Polymers/Metal Nanoparticles and Their Applications as Medical Devices
        1. 2.1 Introduction
        2. 2.2 Platinum Nanoparticles
        3. 2.3 Gold Nanoparticles
        4. 2.4 Silver Nanoparticles
        5. 2.5 Assembly of Polymers/Silver Nanoparticles
        6. 2.6 Conclusion
        7. Acknowledgements
        8. References
      3. Chapter 3: Gold Nanoparticle-Based Electrochemical Biosensors for Medical Applications
        1. 3.1 Introduction
        2. 3.2 Gold Nanoparticles
        3. 3.3 Conclusion
        4. References
      4. Chapter 4: Impedimetric DNA Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials
        1. 4.1 Introduction
        2. 4.2 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy for Genosensing
        3. 4.3 Nanostructured Carbon Used in Impedimetric Genosensors
        4. 4.4 Nanostructured Gold Used in Impedimetric Genosensors
        5. 4.5 Quantum Dots for Impedimetric Genosensing
        6. 4.6 Impedimetric Genosensors for Point-of-Care Diagnosis
        7. 4.7 Conclusions (Past, Present and Future Perspectives)
        8. Acknowledgements
        9. References
      5. Chapter 5: Graphene: Insights of its Application in Electrochemical Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring
        1. 5.1 Introduction
        2. 5.2 Environmental Applications of Graphene-based Biosensors
        3. 5.3 Conclusions and Perspectives.
        4. References
      6. Chapter 6: Functional Nanomaterials for Multifarious Nanomedicine
        1. 6.1 Introduction
        2. 6.2 Nanoparticle Coatings
        3. 6.3 Cyclic Peptides
        4. 6.4 Dendrimers
        5. 6.5 Fullerenes/Carbon Nanotubes/Graphene
        6. 6.6 Functional Drug Carriers
        7. 6.7 MRI Scanning Nanoparticles
        8. 6.8 Nanoemulsions
        9. 6.9 Nanofibers
        10. 6.10 Nanoshells
        11. 6.11 Quantum Dots
        12. 6.12 Nanoimaging
        13. 6.13 Inorganic Nanoparticles
        14. 6.14 Conclusions
        15. Acknowledgement
        16. References
    7. Part 2: Principals and Prospective
      1. Chapter 7: Computational Nanochemistry Study of the Molecular Structure, Spectra and Chemical Reactivity Properties of the BFPF Green Fluorescent Protein Chromophore
        1. 7.1 Introduction
        2. 7.2 Theory and Computational Details
        3. 7.3 Results and Discussion
        4. 7.4 Conclusions
        5. Acknowledgements
        6. References
      2. Chapter 8: Biosynthesis of Metal Nanoparticles and Their Applications
        1. 8.1 Introduction
        2. 8.2 Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles
        3. 8.3 Applications
        4. 8.4 Conclusions
        5. Acknowledgement
        6. References
      3. Chapter 9: Ionic Discotic Liquid Crystals: Recent Advances and Applications
        1. 9.1 Introduction
        2. 9.2 Part I: Chromonic LCs
        3. 9.3 Part II: Thermotropic Ionic Discotic Liquid Crystals
        4. Acknowledgement
        5. References
      4. Chapter 10: Role of Advanced Materials as Nanosensors in Water Treatment
        1. 10.1 Introduction
        2. 10.2 Nanoparticles
        3. 10.3 Different Fabrication Methods of Nanoparticles
        4. 10.4 Core Material/Nanofillers
        5. 10.5 Shell Material/Nanomatrix
        6. 10.6 Core-Shell Material
        7. 10.7 Properties of Metal Nanoparticles and Core-Shell Nanocomposites
        8. 10.8 Detection of Heavy Metals Using Smart Core-Shell Nanocomposites
        9. 10.9 Conclusions
        10. Acknowledgement
        11. References
    8. Part 3: Advanced Structures and Properties
      1. Chapter 11: Application of Bioconjugated Nanoporous Gold Films in Electrochemical Biosensors
        1. 11.1 Introduction
        2. 11.2 Fabrication of Nanoporous Gold
        3. 11.3 Nucleic Acids (NAs)-Based Biosensors
        4. 11.4 Protein-Nanostructured Gold Bioconjugates in Biosensing
        5. 11.5 Conclusion
        6. References
      2. Chapter 12: Combination of Molecular Imprinting and Nanotechnology: Beginning of a New Horizon
        1. 12.1 Introduction
        2. 12.2 Classification of Imprinted Nanomaterials
        3. 12.3 Imprinted Materials at Nanoscale
        4. 12.4 Conclusions and Future Outlook
        5. Acknowledgements
        6. References
      3. Chapter 13: Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Pure and Substituted BiFeO3 Multiferroics
        1. 13.1 Introduction
        2. 13.2 Synthesis of Materials
        3. 13.3 Structural and Morphological Analyses
        4. 13.4 Electrical Properties
        5. 13.5 Magnetic Properties
        6. 13.6 Thermal Analysis (MDSC Studies)
        7. 4.7 Summary and Conclusion
        8. References
      4. Chapter 14: Synthesis, Characterization and Rietveld Studies of Sr-modified PZT Ceramics
        1. 14.1 Introduction
        2. 14.2 Experiment
        3. 14.3 Rietveld Refinement Details
        4. 14.4 Results and Discussion
        5. 14.5 Conclusions
        6. References
    9. Index