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Biomedical Engineering and Cognitive Neuroscience for Healthcare

Book Description

New developments in medical technology have paved the way for the ongoing studies of cognitive neuroscience and biomedical engineering for healthcare. Their different but interconnected aspects of science and technology seek to provide new solutions for difficult healthcare problems and impact the future of the quality of life. Biomedical Engineering and Cognitive Neuroscience for Healthcare: Interdisciplinary Applications brings together researchers and practitioners, including medical doctors and health professionals, to provide an overview of the studies of cognitive neuroscience and biomedical engineering for healthcare. This book aims to be a reference for researchers in the related field aiming to bring benefits to their own research.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Cognitive Neuroscience and Healthcare
    1. Chapter 1: A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Self and Mental Health
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF SELF
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: Executive Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. METHODS
      4. FINDINGS
      5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Motion Control of an Omni-Directional Walker for Walking Support
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION / BACKGROUND
      3. OMNI-DIRECTIONAL WALKER
      4. SIMULATION
      5. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 4: Motor Cortex Activation during Mental Imagery of Walking
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EXPERIMENT
      4. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Gait Rhythm of Parkinson’s Disease Patients and an Interpersonal Synchrony Emulation System Based on Cooperative Gait
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. METHODOLOGY, RESULTS, AND DISCUSSION
      5. 4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. APPENDIX
    6. Chapter 6: Android Robots as Telepresence Media
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GEMINOIDS AND TELEOPERATION SYSTEM
      4. EXPERIMENTS USING GEMINOID
      5. TOWARDS “MINIMALISTIC HUMANS”
      6. FIELD EXPERIMENTS USING TELENOID
      7. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 7: Crossmodal Interactions in Visual Competition
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE EFFECTS OF NONVISUAL BIAS ON THE DOMINANT PERCEPTIONS OF VISUAL COMPETITION
      4. THE NONVISUAL MODULATION OF PERCEPTUAL STABILITY IN VISUAL COMPETITION
      5. CROSSMODAL SYNCHRONIZATION IN THE RESOLUTION OF VISUAL AMBIGUITY
      6. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 8: A Mirror Visual Feedback Therapy System Applying Virtual Reality Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THE VR-MVF THERAPY SYSTEM AND VR-MVF APPLICATION AT THE OKAYAMA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
      4. 3. EXPANSION TO A REMOTE PERSONAL VR-MVF THERAPY SYSTEM
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 9: Visual Attention in 3-D Space while Moving Forward
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. THEORY OF SPATIAL ATTENTION
      4. 3. ATTENTION IN 3-D SPACE
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 10: Cognitive Functions and Neuronal Mechanisms of Tactile Working Memory
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PSYCHOPHYSICS OF TACTILE WORKING MEMORY
      4. PHYSIOLOGY OF TACTILE WORKING MEMORY
      5. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 11: The Crossmodal between the Visual and Tactile for Motion Perception
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 12: The Effects of the Fixation Cue in Inhibition of Return
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 2: Imaging Cognitive Neuroscience and Healthcare
    1. Chapter 13: Implications of NIRS Brain Signals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUNCTIONAL BRAIN MEASUREMENTS USING NIRS
      5. TYPICAL FUNCTIONAL BRAIN SIGNALS
      6. A MODEL TO INTERPRET NIR BRAIN DATA
      7. SUMMARY
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 14: Topography Estimation of Visual Evoked Potentials Using a Combination of Mathematical Models
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHOD
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 15: Functional Neuroimaging of Acupuncture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN FOCUS IN ACUPUNCTURE STUDIES USING FMRI
      4. AN FMRI STUDY ON ACUPUNCTURE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 16: Self-Body Recognition and its Impairment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. IMPAIRMENT IN SELF-BODY RECOGNITION
      4. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 17: Differences in Analysis Methods of the Human Uncinate Fasciculus Using Diffusion Tensor MRI
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. SUBJECTS, METHOD, AND RESULTS
      4. SUMMARY OF THE DISCUSSION FROM ALL THREE CASES
      5. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 18: Neuronal Function in the Cortical Face Perception Network
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE ANANATOMICAL LOCALIZATION OF FACE PERCEPTION
      4. THE ROLE OF THE FACE AREA IN FACE PERCEPTION
      5. THE SPECIALIS OF FACE PERCEPTION
      6. THE TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS ON FACE-SELECTIVE AREA
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 19: Visual-Tactile Bottom-Up and Top-Down Attention
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BOTTOM-UP AND TOP-DOWN VISUAL ATTENTION
      4. BOTTOM-UP AND TOP-DOWN TACTILE ATTENTION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. Chapter 20: Functional Role of the Left Ventral Occipito-Temporal Cortex in Reading
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE VISUAL WORD FORM AREA HYPOTHESIS
      4. CONFLICT ON THE FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION
      5. DIFFERENT REFLECTIONS OF THE SAME FUNCTIONAL MAP
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. Chapter 21: Language Processing in the Human Brain of Literate and Illiterate Subjects
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
  10. Section 3: EEG/ERP Cognitive Neuroscience and Healthcare
    1. Chapter 22: Sleep Management Promotes Healthy Lifestyle, Mental Health, QOL, and a Healthy Brain
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 23: The Quantitative EEG Change in Parkinson’s Disease
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 24: Rehabilitation of Elderly People with Dementia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REHABILITATION APPROACHES FOR DEMENTIA
      4. NEW APPROACH: SPEED FEEDBACK THERAPY
      5. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 25: Application of Prewhitening Beamformer with Linear Constraints for Correlated EEG Signal Source Estimation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 26: Multi-Channel Template Extraction for Automatic EEG Spike Detection
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 27: Kanji Perception and Brain Function
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS AND SUBJECTS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 28: Multimodal Neuroimaging to Visualize Human Visual Processing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MEG/EEG FORWARD FORMULATION
      4. MRI/fMRI INCORPORATED MEG/EEG INVERSE FORMULATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 29: Feedback-Related Negativity and its Clinical Implications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEME 1: FRN AND IMPULSIVITY
      4. THEME 2: FRN AND FRONTAL LOBE FUNCTION
      5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 30: Evaluation of Olfactory Impairment in Parkinson’s Disease Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 31: Evaluation of Cognitive Function in Migraine Patients
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 32: Effects of Selective and Divided Attention on Audiovisual Interaction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ATTENTION AND AUDIOVISUAL INTERACTION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 33: Temporal Dependency of Multisensory Audiovisual Integration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TIME WINDOW
      4. COGNITIVE COMPENSATION
      5. MOVEABLE WINDOW
      6. TEMPORAL VENTRILOQUISM
      7. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 34: Neural Mechanisms of Audiovisual Integration in Integrated Processing for Verbal Perception and Spatial Factors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 35: Audiovisual Integration of Natural Auditory and Visual Stimuli in the Real-World Situation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. AUDIOVISUAL INTEGRATION IN THE REAL-WORLD SITUATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
  11. Section 4: Cognitive Science and Healthcare
    1. Chapter 36: Evaluation of Walking Motions with the Aid of Walkers Using Acceleration Sensors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS AND METHODS
      4. 3. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      5. 4. SUMMARY
    2. Chapter 37: Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff Models of Target-Based and Trajectory-Based Movements
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SPEED-ACCURACY TRADEOFFS IN TARGET-BASED MOVEMENTS
      4. SPEED-ACCURACY TRADEOFFS IN TRAJECTORY-BASED TASKS
      5. CONCLUSION AND FURTHER RESEARCH
  12. Section 5: Mental Health
    1. Chapter 38: Workers’ Mental Health Problems and Future Perspectives in Japan
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. PRESENT CONDITION OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN JAPAN
      3. 2. EFFECTS OF MENTAL HEALTH INSUFFICIENCY
      4. 3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR IMPROVEMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF MENTAL HEALTH
      5. 4. THEORIES ABOUT THE POSITIVE ASPECTS OF MENTAL HEALTH
      6. CONCLUSION
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors