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Biomass Combustion Science, Technology and Engineering

Book Description

The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation.

Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field.

  • Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation
  • Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation
  • Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  7. Preface
  8. Part I: Introduction, supply chains and feedstock
    1. Chapter 1: Biomass combustion for power generation: an introduction
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Biomass combustion techniques
      4. 1.3 Biomass as fuel
      5. 1.4 Market development for biomass combustion and conversion technologies
    2. Chapter 2: Biomass supply chains
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Types of biomass and waste streams
      4. 2.3 Biomass supply chain structure and characteristics
      5. 2.4 Development of advanced biomass supply and process chains
      6. 2.5 Integration of biomass combustion into waste management
      7. 2.6 Advantages and limitations of using biomass for energy conversion
      8. 2.7 Future trends
      9. 2.8 Sources of further information and advice
    3. Chapter 3: Biomass feedstocks: categorisation and preparation for combustion and gasification
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Types of feedstock
      4. 3.3 Characterisation, analysis and categorisation techniques
      5. 3.4 Fuel preparation and upgrading for combustion or conversion
      6. 3.5 Advantages and limitations of particular fuels
      7. 3.6 Future trends
  9. Part II: Biomass combustion and co-firing
    1. Chapter 4: Direct combustion of biomass
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Basis of biomass combustion
      4. 4.3 Fouling prevention and control
      5. 4.4 Corrosion and additives
      6. 4.5 Technology-specific issues
      7. 4.6 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 5: Biomass co-firing
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Direct co-firing technologies
    3. Chapter 6: Biomass gasification
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Basic principles and feedstocks
      4. 6.3 Basic reactor types
      5. 6.4 Monitoring and control, and performance optimization
      6. 6.5 Advantages and limitations
      7. 6.6 Future trends
      8. 6.7 Sources of further information and advice
    4. Chapter 7: Fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Pyrolysis principles and products
      4. 7.3 Applications of bio-oil
      5. 7.4 Feedstocks
      6. 7.5 Fast-pyrolysis technology
      7. 7.6 Fast-pyrolysis bio-oil upgrading
      8. 7.7 Economics
      9. 7.8 Conclusion and future trends
    5. Chapter 8: Intermediate pyrolysis of biomass
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Intermediate pyrolysis technologies
      4. 8.3 Applications of intermediate pyrolysis and comparison with fast pyrolysis
      5. 8.4 An integrated project including intermediate pyrolysis
      6. 8.5 Future trends
  10. Part III: Large-scale biomass combustion and biorefineries
    1. Chapter 9: Large-scale biomass combustion plants: an overview
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Technologies
      4. 9.3 Fuels
      5. 9.4 Operational issues
      6. 9.5 Environmental aspects
      7. 9.6 Future trends
      8. 9.8 Acknowledgements
    2. Chapter 10: Industrial-scale biomass combustion plants: engineering issues and operation
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 The suitability of industrial-scale plants for biomass combustion
      4. 10.3 Biomass combustion technologies
      5. 10.4 Biomass combustion plant engineering issues
      6. 10.5 Operational routes to optimise performance and tackle problems
      7. 10.6 Future trends
      8. 10.7 Sources of further information and advice
      9. 10.8 Acknowledgements
    3. Chapter 11: Biorefineries: increased value from biomass conversion
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Biorefinery feedstocks and concepts
      4. 11.3 Improving feedstocks
      5. 11.4 Conversion by enzymes and microorganisms
      6. 11.5 Life-cycle analysis and sustainability
      7. 11.6 Future trends
      8. 11.7 Sources of further information and advice
  11. Index