Weber strongly advocated economic self-containment for the United States. World War I, a little more than a decade before, showed our dependence on other countries for essential chemicals in wartime. Weber had a profit reason for this undoubtedly, for he was head of a chemical business. But he was convinced his theories were in the national interest. And his policy paid off well. In World War I America had lacked chemicals. When World War II started we were self-contained and had the chemicals we needed.
He commissioned Samuel Crowther to write a book, America Self-Contained, published by Doubleday. I read the book at his request and suggested that James W. Gerard, former Ambassador to Germany, be made chairman ...