Now that you have your camera connected, you can begin to access some amazing capabilities that have been provided by the open source community. The most popular of these for computer vision is OpenCV.
Now you need to install OpenCV, a complete vision library that provides tools for you to use to capture, process, and save your images. Before you do this, you need to expand the partition on your SD card so that you can download all the applications that you need. When you wrote the Linux operating system to your SD card, you copied a 2 GB image; so now your card thinks it is only a 2 GB card, no matter what size it really is. You need to reclaim this space.