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Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition

Book Description

The Number One Guide to Chemical Engineering Principles, Techniques, Calculations, and Applications: Now Even More Current, Efficient, and Practical

Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition goes far beyond traditional introductory chemical engineering topics, presenting applications that reflect the full scope of contemporary chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Celebrating its fiftieth Anniversary as the field’s leading practical introduction, it has been extensively updated and reorganized to cover today’s principles and calculations more efficiently, and to present far more coverage of bioengineering, nanoengineering, and green engineering.

Offering a strong foundation of skills and knowledge for successful study and practice, it guides students through formulating and solving material and energy balance problems, as well as describing gases, liquids, and vapors. Throughout, the authors introduce efficient, consistent, student-friendly methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and gaining a conceptual, application-based understanding of modern chemical engineering processes. This edition’s improvements include many new problems, examples, and homework assignments.

Coverage includes

  • Modular chapters designed to support introductory chemical engineering courses of any length

  • Thorough introductions to unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements

  • Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems

  • Clear introductions to key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy

  • Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids: ideal/real gases, single component two-phase systems, gas-liquid systems, and more

  • Self-assessment questions to help readers identify areas they don’t fully understand

  • Thought/discussion and homework problems in every chapter

  • New biotech and bioengineering problems throughout

  • New examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering

  • Extensive tables, charts, and glossaries in each chapte

  • Many new student projects

  • Reference appendices presenting atomic weights and numbers, Pitzer Z factors, heats of formation and combustion, and more

  • Practical, readable, and exceptionally easy to use, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition,is the definitive chemical engineering introduction for students, license candidates, practicing engineers, and scientists.

    CD-ROM INCLUDES

  • The latest Polymath trial software for solving linear, nonlinear, and differential equations and regression problems

  • Point-and-click physical property database containing 700+ compounds

  • Supplemental Problems Workbook containing 100+ solved problems

  • Descriptions and animations of modern process equipment

  • Chapters on degrees of freedom, process simulation, and unsteady-state material balances

  • Expert advice for beginners on problem-solving in chemical engineering

  • Table of Contents

    1. Title Page
    2. Copyright Page
    3. Dedication Page
    4. Contents
    5. Preface
    6. Read Me
      1. Learning Aids
      2. Good Learning Practices (Learning How to Learn)
      3. Suggestions to Enhance Learning
      4. Suggestions for How to Use This Book Effectively
    7. Acknowledgments
    8. About the Authors
    9. Part I. Introduction
      1. Chapter 1. What Are Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering?
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 1.1. Introduction
        3. 1.2. A Brief History of Chemical Engineering
        4. 1.3. Where Do Chemical and Bioengineers Work?
        5. 1.4. Future Contributions of Chemical and Bioengineering
        6. 1.5. Conclusion
        7. Looking Back
        8. Glossary
        9. Web Site
      2. Chapter 2. Introductory Concepts
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 2.1. Systems of Units
        3. Frequently Asked Questions
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. 2.2. Conversion of Units
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. 2.3. Dimensional Consistency
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. 2.4. Significant Figures
        10. Self-Assessment Test
        11. 2.5. Validation of Results
        12. Self-Assessment Test
        13. 2.6. The Mole and Molecular Weight
        14. Self-Assessment Test
        15. 2.7. Choosing a Basis
        16. Self-Assessment Test
        17. 2.8. Density and Specific Gravity
        18. Self-Assessment Test
        19. 2.9. Concentration
        20. Self-Assessment Test
        21. 2.10. Temperature
        22. Self-Assessment Test
        23. 2.11. Pressure and Hydrostatic Head
        24. Self-Assessment Test
        25. 2.12. Flow Rate
        26. Self-Assessment Test
        27. Looking Back
        28. Glossary
        29. Supplementary References
        30. Web Sites
        31. Problems
    10. Part II. Material Balances
      1. Chapter 3. Material Balances
        1. 3.1. Introduction to Material Balances
        2. Self-Assessment Test
        3. 3.2. A General Strategy for Solving Material Balance Problems
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. Looking Back
        6. Glossary
        7. Supplementary References
        8. Problems
      2. Chapter 4. Material Balances without Reaction
        1. Frequently Asked Questions
        2. Self-Assessment Test
        3. Looking Back
        4. Glossary
        5. Supplementary References
        6. Answer to the Puzzle
      3. Chapter 5. Material Balances Involving Reactions
        1. 5.1. Stoichiometry
        2. Self-Assessment Test
        3. 5.2. Terminology for Reaction Systems
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. 5.3. Species Mole Balances
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. 5.4. Element Material Balances
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. 5.5. Material Balances for Combustion Systems
        10. Self-Assessment Test
        11. Looking Back
        12. Glossary
        13. Supplementary References
        14. Problems
      4. Chapter 6. Material Balances for Multi-Unit Systems
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 6.1. Primary Concepts
        3. 6.2. Sequential Multi-Unit Systems
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. 6.3. Recycle Systems
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. 6.4. Bypass and Purge
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. 6.5. The Industrial Application of Material Balances
        10. Looking Back
        11. Glossary
        12. Supplementary References
        13. Problems
        14. 6.2. Sequential Multi-Unit Systems
        15. 6.3. Recycle Systems
        16. 6.4. Bypass and Purge
    11. Part III. Gases, Vapors, and Liquids
      1. Chapter 7. Ideal and Real Gases
        1. 7.1. Ideal Gases
        2. Self-Assessment Test
        3. 7.2. Real Gases: Equations of State
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. 7.3. Real Gases: Compressibility Charts
        6. 7.4. Real Gas Mixtures
        7. Self-Assessment Test
        8. Looking Back
        9. Glossary
        10. Supplementary References
        11. Web Sites
        12. Problems
        13. 7.4. Real Gas Mixtures
      2. Chapter 8. Multiphase Equilibrium
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 8.1. Introduction
        3. 8.2. Phase Diagrams and the Phase Rule
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. 8.3. Single-Component Two-Phase Systems (Vapor Pressure)
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. 8.4. Two-Component Gas/Single-Component Liquid Systems
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. Self-Assessment Test
        10. Self-Assessment Test
        11. 8.5. Two-Component Gas/Two-Component Liquid Systems
        12. Self-Assessment Test
        13. 8.6. Multicomponent Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
        14. Looking Back
        15. Glossary
        16. Supplementary References
        17. Web Sites
        18. Problems
        19. 8.3. Single-Component Two-Phase Systems (Vapor Pressure)
        20. 8.4. Two-Component Gas/Single-Component Liquid Systems
        21. 8.5. Two-Component Gas/Two-Component Liquid Systems
    12. Part IV. Energy
      1. Chapter 9. Energy Balances
        1. Looking Forward
        2. 9.1. Terminology Associated with Energy Balances
        3. Self-Assessment Test
        4. 9.2. Types of Energy to Be Included in Energy Balances
        5. Self-Assessment Test
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. Self-Assessment Test
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. Self-Assessment Test
        10. Self-Assessment Test
        11. Self-Assessment Test
        12. Self-Assessment Test
        13. 9.3. Energy Balances without Reaction
        14. Self-Assessment Test
        15. Self-Assessment Test
        16. Self-Assessment Test
        17. Looking Back
        18. Glossary
        19. Supplemental References
        20. Web Sites
        21. Problems
      2. Chapter 10. Energy Balances: How to Account for Chemical Reaction
        1. 10.1. The Standard Heat (Enthalpy) of Formation
        2. Self-Assessment Test
        3. 10.2. The Heat (Enthalpy) of Reaction
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. 10.3. Integration of Heat of Formation and Sensible Heat
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. 10.4. The Heat (Enthalpy) of Combustion
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. Looking Back
        10. Glossary
        11. Supplemental References
        12. Problems
      3. Chapter 11. Humidity (Psychrometric) Charts and Their Use
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 11.1. Terminology
        3. Self-Assessment Test
        4. 11.2. The Humidity (Psychrometric) Chart
        5. Frequently Asked Questions
        6. Self-Assessment Test
        7. 11.3. Applications of the Humidity Chart
        8. Self-Assessment Test
        9. Looking Back
        10. Glossary
        11. Supplementary References
        12. Web Sites
        13. Problems
    13. Part V. Supplementary Material
      1. Chapter 12. Analysis of the Degrees of Freedom in Steady-State Processes
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 12.1. Main Concepts
        3. Looking Back
        4. Self-Assessment Test
        5. Supplementary References
        6. Problems
      2. Chapter 13. Heats of Solution and Mixing
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 13.1. Heats of Solution, Dissolution, and Mixing
        3. Self-Assessment Test
        4. 13.2. Introducing the Effects of Mixing into the Energy Balance
        5. Self-Assessment Test
        6. Looking Back
        7. Glossary
        8. Supplementary References
        9. Web Sites
        10. Problems
      3. Chapter 14. The Mechanical Energy Balance
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 14.1. Ideal Reversible Processes
        3. Self-Assessment Test
        4. 14.2. Efficiency
        5. Self-Assessment Test
        6. 14.3. The Mechanical Energy Balance
        7. Self-Assessment Test
        8. Looking Back
        9. Glossary
        10. Supplementary References
        11. Web Sites
        12. Problems
      4. Chapter 15. Liquids and Gases in Equilibrium with Solids
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 15.1 Main Concepts
        3. Self-Assessment Test
        4. Glossary
        5. Supplementary References
        6. Web Site
        7. Problems
      5. Chapter 16. Solving Material and Energy Balances using Process Simulators (Flowsheeting Codes)
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. 16.1. Main Concepts
        3. Looking Back
        4. Supplementary References
        5. Web Sites
        6. Problems
      6. Chapter 17. Unsteady-State Material and Energy Balances
        1. Looking Ahead
        2. Looking Back
        3. Self-Assessment Test
        4. Supplementary References
        5. Web Sites
    14. Appendixes
      1. Appendix A. Answers to Supplemental Questions and Problems
        1. Chapter 2
        2. Chapter 3
        3. Chapter 4
        4. Chapter 5
        5. Chapter 6
        6. Chapter 7
        7. Chapter 8
        8. Chapter 9
        9. Chapter 10
        10. Chapter 11
      2. Appendix B. Atomic Weights and Numbers
      3. Appendix C. Tables of the Pitzer Z0 and Z1 Factors
      4. Appendix D. Heats of Formation and Combustion
      5. Appendix E. Answers to Selected Problems
        1. Chapter 2
        2. Chapter 3
        3. Chapter 4
        4. Chapter 5
        5. Chapter 6
        6. Chapter 7
        7. Chapter 8
        8. Chapter 9
        9. Chapter 10
        10. Chapter 11
      6. Appendix F. Physical Properties of Various Organic and Inorganic Substances
      7. Appendix G. Heat Capacity Equations
      8. Appendix H. Vapor Pressures
      9. Appendix I. Heats of Solution and Dilution
      10. Appendix J. Enthalpy-Concentration Data
      11. Appendix K. Thermodynamic Charts
      12. Appendix L. Physical Properties of Petroleum Fractions
      13. Appendix M. Solution of Sets of Equations
        1. M.1. Independent Linear Equations
        2. M.2. Nonlinear Independent Equations
        3. Supplementary Reference
      14. Appendix N. Fitting Functions to Data
    15. Index
    16. Problems Workbook Index
    17. CD-ROM Warranty
    18. Where are the Companion Content Files?