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Basic Live Sound Reinforcement by Penny Pattison, Raven Biederman

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Chapter 9

Microphones

Sound to Signal

Microphones

Transduction Method

Dynamic Microphones

Applications

Condenser Microphones

Applications

Diaphragm Size

Directional Pattern (Pickup)

Omnidirectional

Directional

Proximity Effect

Microphone specs

About Choosing a Mic

Microphones

Any device that converts one form of energy to another is called a transducer. Microphones are transducers which convert acoustic energy (sound pressure waves) into an electrical signal which gets processed and reinforced as it travels through the P.A., and finally gets converted back into sound waves by the system’s loudspeakers (which are also transducers). Microphones are used as the input for all sound sources on the stage that don’t generate their own electric signal, ...

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