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Basic Civil Engineering

Book Description

Basic Civil Engineering is designed to enrich the preliminary conceptual knowledge about civil engineering to the students of non-civil branches of engineering. The coverage includes materials for construction, building construction, basic surveying and other major topics like environmental engineering, geo-technical engineering, transport traffic & urban engineering, irrigation and water supply engineering and CAD.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Contents
  4. About the Author
  5. Preface
  6. Part I: Materials for Construction
    1. Chapter 1: Stones
      1. 1.1 - Sources of Stones
      2. 1.2 - Classification of Rocks
      3. 1.3 - Dressing of Stones
      4. 1.4 - Properties of Good Stone
      5. 1.5 - Common Building Stones in India
    2. Chapter 2: Sand
      1. 2.1 - Natural Sources of Sand
      2. 2.2 - Classification of Sand
      3. 2.3 - Bulking of Sand
      4. 2.4 - Properties of Good Sand
    3. Chapter 3: Lime
      1. 3.1 - Sources of Lime
      2. 3.2 - Classification of Lime
      3. 3.3 - Calcination of Lime in Clamps and Kilns
      4. 3.4 - Slaking of Lime
      5. 3.5 - Comparison Between Fat Lime and Hydraulic Lime
      6. 3.6 - Uses of Lime
    4. Chapter 4: Cement
      1. 4.1 - Properties of Cement
      2. 4.2 - Ingredients of Cement
      3. 4.3 - Setting Time of Cement
      4. 4.4 - Manufacture of Cement
      5. 4.5 - Different Types of Cement and Uses
      6. 4.6 - Different Grades of Cement
      7. 4.7 - Storage of Cement
    5. Chapter 5: Bricks
      1. 5.1 - Composition of Good Brick Earth
      2. 5.2 - Manufacture of Bricks
      3. 5.3 - Size and Weight of Bricks
      4. 5.4 - Qualities of a Good Brick
      5. 5.5 - Falg Bricks
      6. 5.6 - Fly Ash Bricks
    6. Chapter 6: Tiles
      1. 6.1 - Different Types of Tiles
      2. 6.2 - Characteristics of a Good Tile
      3. 6.3 - Porcelain Glazed Tiles
    7. Chapter 7: Timber
      1. 7.1 - Classifications of Trees
      2. 7.2 - Structure of a Tree
      3. 7.3 - Qualities of Good Timber
      4. 7.4 - Seasoning of Timber
      5. 7.5 - Common Timbers Used for Building Work
      6. 7.6 - Types of Plywood and Their Uses
      7. 7.7 - Veneers
      8. 7.8 - Particle Board
    8. Chapter 8: Steel
      1. 8.1 - Uses of Steel in Building Works
      2. 8.2 - Steel as a Reinforcement in Concrete
      3. 8.3 - Market Forms of Steel
    9. Chapter 9: Aluminium
      1. 9.1 - Manufacture
      2. 9.2 - Properties of Aluminium
      3. 9.3 - Uses
      4. 9.4 - Aluminium as a Building Material
    10. Chapter 10: Paints and Varnishes
      1. 10.1 - Characteristics of an Ideal Paint
      2. 10.2 - Ingredients of Paint
      3. 10.3 - Types of Paints
      4. 10.4 - Uses of Paint
      5. 10.5 - Varnish
      6. 10.6 - Ingredients of Varnish
      7. 10.7 - Characteristics of Ideal Varnishes
      8. 10.8 - Types of Varnishes
    11. Chapter 11: Miscellaneous Building Materials
      1. 11.1 - Glass
      2. 11.2 - Rubber
      3. 11.3 - PVC
      4. 11.4 - Plaster of Paris
      5. 11.5 - Damp Proofing Materials
      6. 11.6 - Adhesives
      7. 11.7 - Cost-Effective Materials
  7. Part II: Building Construction
    1. Chapter 12: Component Parts of a Building
      1. 12.1 - Building Components and Their Basic Requirements
      2. 12.2 - Planning Regulations
    2. Chapter 13: Foundation
      1. 13.1 - Purpose of Providing a Foundation
      2. 13.2 - Bearing Capacity of Soil
      3. 13.3 - Plate Load Test
      4. 13.4 - Various Types of Foundations with Sketches
    3. Chapter 14: Mortar
      1. 14.1 - Functions of Mortar in Building Works
      2. 14.2 - Types of Mortars and Their Preparation
    4. Chapter 15: Masonry Works
      1. 15.1 - Definition of Terms
      2. 15.2 - Stone Masonry
      3. 15.3 - Classification of Stone Masonry
      4. 15.4 - Brick Masonry
      5. 15.5 - Types of Brick Masonry
      6. 15.6 - Bonds in Brick Masonry
      7. 15.7 - General Principles in Brick Masonry
    5. Chapter 16: Concrete
      1. 16.1 - Ingredients of Concrete and Their Functions
      2. 16.2 - Proportion of Mix Used for Different Works
      3. 16.3 - Fine Aggregate and Coarse Aggregate
      4. 16.4 - Significance of Sand in Concrete
      5. 16.5 - Water–Cement Ratio
      6. 16.6 - Properties of Concrete
      7. 16.7 - Mixing of Concrete
      8. 16.8 - Transporting and Placing of Concrete
      9. 16.9 - Compaction of Concrete
      10. 16.10 - Curing of Concrete
      11. 16.11 - Formwork
    6. Chapter 17: Doors and Windows
      1. 17.1 - Location of Doors and Windows
      2. 17.2 - Doors
      3. 17.3 - Windows
      4. 17.4 - Types of Doors
      5. 17.5 - Types of Windows
      6. 17.6 - Fixtures and Fastenings for Doors and Windows
    7. Chapter 18: Roof
      1. 18.1 - Technical Terms
      2. 18.2 - Pitched Roof or Sloping Roof
      3. 18.3 - Flat Roofs
      4. 18.4 - Shell Roof
      5. 18.5 - Domes
      6. 18.6 - Selection of Roof Covering Materials
      7. 18.7 - Roof Covering Materials
    8. Chapter 19: Floors
      1. 19.1 - Factors Affecting Selection of Floorings
      2. 19.2 - Types of Floor
      3. 19.3 - Floor Covering
    9. Chapter 20: Stairs
      1. 20.1 - Requirements of a Good Stair
      2. 20.2 - Types of Stairs
      3. 20.3 - Stairs of Different Materials
    10. Chapter 21: Plastering
      1. 21.1 - Requirements of Good Plaster
      2. 21.2 - Methods of Plastering
    11. Chapter 22: Painting
      1. 22.1 - Types of Paints
      2. 22.2 - Uses of Paint
      3. 22.3 - Painting of Different Surfaces
      4. 22.4 - White Washing
      5. 22.5 - Colour Washing
      6. 22.6 - Distempering
      7. 22.7 - Tiling of Walls
    12. Chapter 23: Damp Proofing
      1. 23.1 - Sources of Dampness
      2. 23.2 - Effects of Dampness
      3. 23.3 - Techniques and Methods of Damp Prevention
      4. 23.4 - Materials Used for Damp Proofing (DPC)
    13. Chapter 24: Building Services
      1. 24.1 - Air Conditioning
      2. 24.2 - Fire Protection
      3. 24.3 - Ventilation
      4. 24.4 - Lifts and Escalators
    14. Chapter 25: Building Maintenance
      1. 25.1 - Deterioration of Concrete
      2. 25.2 - Deterioration in Masonry Works
      3. 25.3 - Prevention of Cracks and Leaks
      4. 25.4 - Repair of Cracks and Leaks
      5. 25.5 - Cost-Effective Construction
      6. 25.6 - Anti-Termite Treatments in Buildings
  8. Part III: Basic Surveying
    1. Chapter 26: Chain Surveying and Modernization in Land Surveying
      1. 26.1 - Chain Surveying
      2. 26.2 - Introduction to Recent Advances in Surveying
    2. Chapter 27: Levelling
      1. 27.1 - Purpose of Levelling
      2. 27.2 - Major Parts of Levelling Instrument
      3. 27.3 - Levelling Staff
      4. 27.4 - Technical Terms Used in Levelling
      5. 27.5 - Levelling – Field Work
      6. 27.6 - Fly Levelling
      7. 27.7 - Contour
      8. 27.8 - Computing Reduced Levels Using Height of Collimation Method (HI Method)
      9. 27.9 - Computing Reduced Level Using Rise and Fall Method
      10. 27.10 - Theodolite
  9. Part IV: Other Major Topics in Civil Engineering
    1. Chapter 28: Environmental Engineering
      1. 28.1 - The Concept of Environment
      2. 28.2 - Environmental Engineering
      3. 28.3 - Development of Environmental Engineering
      4. 28.4 - Scope of Environmental Engineering
      5. 28.5 - Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation
      6. 28.6 - Environmental Segments
      7. 28.7 - The Natural Cycles of the Environment
      8. 28.8 - The Water or Hydrological Cycle
      9. 28.9 - Different Processes in Water Cycle
      10. 28.10 - The Oxygen Cycle
      11. 28.11 - The Nitrogen Cycle
      12. 28.12 - The Phosphate Cycle
      13. 28.13 - Ecosystem
      14. 28.14 - Function and Biodiversity
      15. 28.15 - The Study of Ecosystems
      16. 28.16 - Ecosystem Ecology
      17. 28.17 - Systems Ecology
    2. Chapter 29: Geotechnical Engineering
      1. 29.1 - Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering
      2. 29.2 - The History of Geotechnical Engineering
      3. 29.3 - Geotechnical Engineering Applications
      4. 29.4 - Soil Mechanics
      5. 29.5 - The Basic Characteristics of Soil
      6. 29.6 - Soil Properties
      7. 29.7 - Geotechnical Investigation
      8. 29.8 - Geophysical Exploration
      9. 29.9 - Geosynthetics
    3. Chapter 30: Transport, Traffic and Urban Engineering
      1. 30.1 - Introduction
      2. 30.2 - The Planning and Design Aspects of Transport Engineering
      3. 30.3 - Different Modes of Transport
      4. 30.4 - Highway Engineering
      5. 30.5 - Rail Engineering
      6. 30.6 - Port and Harbour Engineering
      7. 30.7 - Airport Engineering
      8. 30.8 - Traffic Engineering
      9. 30.9 - Municipal or Urban Engineering
    4. Chapter 31: Irrigation and Water Supply Engineering
      1. 31.1 - Introduction
      2. 31.2 - Benefits of Irrigation
      3. 31.3 - Types of Irrigation
      4. 31.4 - Dam and Weirs
      5. 31.5 - History of Dams
      6. 31.6 - Types of Dams
      7. 31.7 - Purposes for Construction of Dams
      8. 31.8 - Identifying a Location for the Construction of a Dam
      9. 31.9 - Impact Assessment
      10. 31.10 - Human Social Impact
      11. 31.11 - Economics
      12. 31.12 - Weir
      13. 31.13 - Functions of a Weir
      14. 31.14 - Types of Weirs
    5. Chapter 32: Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
      1. 32.1 - Introduction
      2. 32.2 - CAD Computers
      3. 32.3 - Capability of CAD
      4. 32.4 - Numerically Controlled Machines
      5. 32.5 - AutoCAD
      6. 32.6 - AutoCAD LT
      7. 32.7 - AutoCAD Student Versions
      8. 32.8 - Vertical Programs
      9. 32.9 - Different versions of AutoCAD
      10. 32.10 - Design Web Format
      11. 32.11 - Alternatives for DWF
      12. 32.12 - DWG (Drawing) (File Extension is .dwg)
      13. 32.13 - AutoCAD DXF (File Extension is .dxf)
      14. 32.14 - File Structure of DXF
      15. 32.15 - Software which supports DXF
      16. 32.16 - The Initial Graphics Exchange Specification (IGES)
      17. 32.17 - Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE)
      18. 32.18 - Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
      19. 32.19 - Electronic Design Automation
      20. 32.20 - Multidisciplinary Design Optimization
      21. 32.21 - 3D Computer Graphics Software
      22. 32.22 - Popular Packages Used in 3D Modelling
      23. 32.23 - Basic Commands in AutoCAD
      24. 32.24 - The AutoCAD Interface
  10. Copyright