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bash Cookbook by Cameron Newham, JP Vossen, Carl Albing

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Restricting SSH Commands

Problem

You'd like to restrict what an incoming SSH user or script can do.[2]

Solution

Edit the ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file, use SSH forced commands, and optionally disable unnecessary SSH features. For example, suppose you want to allow an rsync process without also allowing interactive use.

First, you need to figure out exactly what command is being run on the remote side. Create a key (Using SSH Without a Password, "Using SSH Without a Password") and add a forced command to tell you. Edit the ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file and add:

	command="/bin/echo Command was: $SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND"

before the key. It will look something like this, all on one line:

 command="/bin/echo Command was: $SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND" ssh-dss AAAAB3NzaC1kc3MAAAEBANpgvvTslst2m0ZJA0ayhh1Mqa3aWwU3kfv0m9+myFZ9veFsxM7IVxIjWfAlQh3jp lY+Q78fMzCTiG+ZrGZYn8adZ9yg5/ wAC03KXm2vKt8LfTx6I+qkMR7v15NI7tZyhxGah5qHNehReFWLuk7JXCtRrzRvWMdsHc/ L2SA1Y4fJ9Y9FfVlBdE1Er+ZIuc5xIlO6D1HFjKjt3wjbAal+oJxwZJaupZ0Q7N47uwMslmc5ELQBRNDsaoqF RKlerZASPQ5P+AH/+Cxa/fCGYwsogXSJJ0H5S7+QJJHFze35YZI/ +A1D3BIa4JBf1KvtoaFr5bMdhVAkChdAdMjo96xhbdEAAAAVAJSKzCEsrUo3KAvyUO8KVD6e0B/NAAAA/3u/ Ax2TIB/M9MmPqjeH67Mh5Y5NaVWuMqwebDIXuvKQQDMUU4EPjRGmS89Hl8UKAN0Cq/C1T+OGzn4zrbE06CO/ Sm3SRMP24HyIbElhlWV49sfLR05Qmh9fRl1s7ZdcUrxkDkr2J6on5cMVB9M2nIl90IhRVLd5RxP01u81yqvhv E61ORdA6IMjzXcQ8ebuD2R733O37oGFD7e2O7DaabKKkHZIduL/zFbQkzMDK6uAMP8ylRJN0fUsqIhHhtc// 16OT2H6nMU09MccxZTFUfqF8xIOndElP6um4jXYk5Q30i/CtU3TZyvNeWVwyGwDi4wg2jeVe0YHU2Rh/ ZcZpwAAAQEAv2O86701U9sIuRijp8sO4h13eZrsE5rdn6aul/mkm+xAlO+WQeDXR/ ...

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