8 Idle-Speed Control
One of the most important and basic engine-control functions is idle-speed control. It requires consideration of the complete engine dynamics (as described in Chapter 3
about engine modeling) and has been a focus of various researchers to improve the performance of current and future engine
designs (Grizzle et al. 2001
; Wang et al. 2001
). This chapter discusses engine idle-speed control.
The engine speed at idle is maintained at a desired value despite changes in engine loads (e.g., due to accessories such as an air-conditioning compressor). The controlled variable is engine idle speed and it is measured as discussed previously. The variables manipulated by the controller include the throttle angle and the spark advance. ...