12 Cruise and Headway Control
One of the most widely adopted and visible control systems available on contemporary vehicles sold in the United States is
the cruise control, which automatically regulates the vehicle longitudinal velocity by throttle adjustments. Typically, a vehicle cruise-control
system is activated by a driver who wants to maintain a constant speed during long highway driving. This relieves the driver
from having to continually adjust the throttle. The driver activates the cruise controller while driving at a particular speed,
which then is recorded as the desired (or set-point) speed to be maintained by the controller.
Intelligent cruise control systems – also known as autonomous or adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems – ...