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Automotive Control Systems by Huei Peng, A. Galip Ulsoy, Melih Çakmakci

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11 Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells for Vehicles

11.1 Introduction

In recent decades, various new power-plant alternatives to traditional ICEs have emerged. Because of their packaging and efficiency properties – with typical actual fuel-cell efficiency of approximately 50 to 60 percent compared to typical actual engine efficiency of approximately 20 percent (i.e., gasoline) to 30 percent (i.e., diesel) engines – fuel cells have been studied extensively as an alternative to ICEs (Bernardi and Verbrugge 1992; Boettner et al. 2002; Caux et al. 2005; Department of Energy 2002; Pukrushpan et al. 2004a; Steele and Heinzel 2001; Yang et al. 1998).
Figure 11.1 is a typical configuration of the power flow in a vehicle equipped with a fuel-cell power ...

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