Manufacturing is more than just putting parts together. It’s coming up with ideas, testing principles and perfecting the engineering, as well as final assembly.
—James Dyson (1947)
The word “process” has far too many meanings to be used without a modifier. The default modifier for this book is “manufacturing.” A manufacturing process is the set of activities that will create a product by transforming the required materials and energy into the product. It is important that the product be worth more than what went into it if humans are involved. There are natural processes that don’t make useful products.
Manufacturing in the general sense requires three things: