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AutoCAD® 2010 and AutoCAD LT® 2010: No Experience Required

Book Description

Completely updated on the latest releases of AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT, this book provides you with the skills needed to work in AutoCAD immediately and a step-by-step tutorial teaches you all the basics so you can quickly achieve results when creating 2D and 3D technical drawings. You’ll look at dimensioning, external references, layouts and printing, and using 3D and move on to examining more advanced features such as grouping, elevations, hatches, and using text in drawings. The companion Web site contains project files, a bonus chapter on using the Internet with AutoCAD, an appendix on attributes, and another appendix on dynamic blocks.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Dear Reader,
  3. Acknowledgments
  4. About the Author
  5. Introduction
    1. What Will You Learn from This Book?
    2. Files on the Website
    3. Hints for Success
    4. Ready, Set...
  6. 1. Getting to Know AutoCAD
    1. 1.1. Starting AutoCAD
      1. 1.1.1. The Initial Setup Dialog Box
      2. 1.1.2. Exploring the New Features Workshop
      3. 1.1.3. The Customer Involvement Program
      4. 1.1.4. Exploring the AutoCAD User Interface
    2. 1.2. Introducing the AutoCAD Graphics Window
    3. 1.3. Working in the Command Window
    4. 1.4. Using the Ribbon
      1. 1.4.1. Displaying the Ribbon Tools
        1. 1.4.1.1. Collapsing, Moving, and Hiding the Ribbon
      2. 1.4.2. Using the Ribbon Tools
      3. 1.4.3. Customizing the Ribbon
    5. 1.5. Using the Application Menu
      1. 1.5.1. Opening a Drawing with the Application Menu
      2. 1.5.2. Switching Between Open Drawings
    6. 1.6. Using the Drop-Down Menus
    7. 1.7. Using the Toolbars
      1. 1.7.1. Workspaces
    8. 1.8. Using the Keyboard
    9. 1.9. Using the Mouse
    10. 1.10. Are You Experienced?
      1. 1.10.1. Now you can...
  7. 2. Learning Basic Commands to Get Started
    1. 2.1. Using the Line Command
      1. 2.1.1. Using Coordinates
      2. 2.1.2. Using Relative Coordinates
        1. 2.1.2.1. Relative Cartesian Coordinates
        2. 2.1.2.2. Relative Polar Coordinates
      3. 2.1.3. Using the Direct Distance Method
    2. 2.2. Drawing the Shape
      1. 2.2.1. Using Relative Cartesian Coordinates
      2. 2.2.2. Erasing Lines
      3. 2.2.3. Controlling How the Selection Tools Are Displayed
      4. 2.2.4. Using Relative Polar Coordinates
      5. 2.2.5. Using Direct Input
      6. 2.2.6. Using the Offset Command
      7. 2.2.7. Using the Fillet Command
    3. 2.3. Completing the Shape
      1. 2.3.1. Offsetting Lines to Mark an Opening
      2. 2.3.2. Extending Lines
      3. 2.3.3. Trimming Lines
    4. 2.4. If You Would Like More Practice...
    5. 2.5. Are You Experienced?
      1. 2.5.1. Now you can...
  8. 3. Setting Up a Drawing
    1. 3.1. Setting Up the Drawing Units
    2. 3.2. Setting Up the Drawing Size
      1. 3.2.1. The Grid
      2. 3.2.2. Setting Up Drawing Limits
    3. 3.3. Drawing with Grid and Snap
      1. 3.3.1. A Closer Look at Dynamic Input
    4. 3.4. Saving Your Work
    5. 3.5. A Summary of AutoCAD's Units
      1. 3.5.1. Linear Units
      2. 3.5.2. Angular Units
    6. 3.6. Are You Experienced?
      1. 3.6.1. Now you can...
  9. 4. Developing Drawing Strategies: Part 1
    1. 4.1. Laying Out the Walls
      1. 4.1.1. Creating a Polyline
      2. 4.1.2. Editing a Polyline
      3. 4.1.3. Creating the Exterior Wall Lines
      4. 4.1.4. Creating the Interior Walls
        1. 4.1.4.1. Cleaning Up Wall Lines
        2. 4.1.4.2. Using the Zoom Command
        3. 4.1.4.3. Finishing the Interior Walls
      5. 4.1.5. Cutting Openings in the Walls
        1. 4.1.5.1. Creating the 3′−0″ (915 mm) Exterior Opening
        2. 4.1.5.2. Creating the 7′−0″ (2134 mm) Opening
        3. 4.1.5.3. Creating the 2′−6″ (762 mm) Interior Opening
        4. 4.1.5.4. The Closet Opening
    2. 4.2. Creating Doors
      1. 4.2.1. Drawing Swinging Doors
        1. 4.2.1.1. Rotating the Door
        2. 4.2.1.2. Drawing the Door Swing
      2. 4.2.2. Copying Objects
      3. 4.2.3. Mirroring Objects
      4. 4.2.4. Scaling the Bathroom Door
      5. 4.2.5. Drawing a Sliding Glass Door
      6. 4.2.6. Drawing the Bi-fold Doors
    3. 4.3. If You Would Like More Practice...
      1. 4.3.1. An Alternative Sliding Glass Door
      2. 4.3.2. An Addition to the Cabin
      3. 4.3.3. Draw Three Views of a Block
    4. 4.4. Are You Experienced?
      1. 4.4.1. Now you can...
  10. 5. Developing Drawing Strategies: Part 2
    1. 5.1. Drawing the Thresholds
      1. 5.1.1. Drawing the Front Threshold
      2. 5.1.2. Drawing the Back Threshold
    2. 5.2. Drawing the Decks and Stairs
      1. 5.2.1. Drawing the Front Deck
        1. 5.2.1.1. Drawing the Deck Posts
        2. 5.2.1.2. Drawing the Stairs
        3. 5.2.1.3. Drawing the Back Deck and Stairs
        4. 5.2.1.4. Using Point Filters to Finish the Deck
    3. 5.3. Laying Out the Kitchen
      1. 5.3.1. Drawing the Counter
        1. 5.3.1.1. Object Snap Tracking and Direct Entry
        2. 5.3.1.2. Using Offset and Fillet
      2. 5.3.2. Drawing the Stove and Refrigerator
      3. 5.3.3. Completing the Stove
        1. 5.3.3.1. Changing the Circle's Radius
      4. 5.3.4. Drawing the Kitchen Sink
    4. 5.4. Constructing the Bathroom
      1. 5.4.1. Setting Running Object Snaps
      2. 5.4.2. Drawing a Shower Unit
      3. 5.4.3. Drawing the Bathroom Sink and Mirror
      4. 5.4.4. Positioning the Toilet and Shelves
      5. 5.4.5. Drawing the Hot Tub
      6. 5.4.6. Using Parametric Constraints
    5. 5.5. If You Would Like More Practice...
      1. 5.5.1. Drawing the Cabin Again
      2. 5.5.2. Drawing Something Else
      3. 5.5.3. Drawing Some Furniture for the Cabin
      4. 5.5.4. Drawing a Gasket
      5. 5.5.5. Drawing a Parking Lot
    6. 5.6. Are You Experienced?
      1. 5.6.1. Now you can...
  11. 6. Using Layers to Organize Your Drawing
    1. 6.1. Using Layers as an Organizing Tool
      1. 6.1.1. Setting Up Layers
        1. 6.1.1.1. Using the Layer List Box
        2. 6.1.1.2. Creating New Layers and Assigning Colors
        3. 6.1.1.3. Looking at the Other Tabs in the Select Color Dialog Box
    2. 6.2. Assigning Linetypes to Layers
      1. 6.2.1. Learning More About Lineweight
      2. 6.2.2. Using the Current Layer as a Drawing Tool
    3. 6.3. Assigning Objects to Layers
      1. 6.3.1.
        1. 6.3.1.1. Selecting Objects with Selection Windows
      2. 6.3.2. Using the Quick Properties Panel
      3. 6.3.3. Selecting the Doors and Swings
        1. 6.3.3.1. Selecting the Kitchen and Bathroom Fixtures
      4. 6.3.4. Turning Off and Freezing Layers
      5. 6.3.5. Drawing the Headers
      6. 6.3.6. Drawing the Roof
        1. 6.3.6.1. Creating the Eaves
    4. 6.4. Setting a Linetype Scale Factor
      1. 6.4.1. Assigning an Individual Linetype Scale Factor
        1. 6.4.1.1. Drawing the Ridgeline
        2. 6.4.1.2. Using the Layer Walk Tool
    5. 6.5. Setting Properties of Layers and Objects
      1. 6.5.1. Selecting Colors for Layers and Objects
      2. 6.5.2. Assigning a Color or a Linetype to an Object Instead of a Layer
      3. 6.5.3. Making a Color or a Linetype Current
    6. 6.6. Using the Action Recorder
    7. 6.7. Creating Layer States
    8. 6.8. If You Would Like More Practice...
      1. 6.8.1. Experimenting with Linetypes and Linetype Scales
      2. 6.8.2. Setting Up Layers for Your Own Trade or Profession
    9. 6.9. Are You Experienced?
      1. 6.9.1. Now you can...
  12. 7. Combining Objects into Blocks
    1. 7.1. Making a Block for a Door
      1. 7.1.1. Inserting the Door Block
        1. 7.1.1.1. Flipping a Block While Inserting It
        2. 7.1.1.2. Blocking and Inserting the Interior Door
      2. 7.1.2. Using Dynamic Blocks
    2. 7.2. Finding Blocks in a Drawing
      1. 7.2.1. Using Grips to Detect a Block
      2. 7.2.2. Using the List Command to Detect a Block
      3. 7.2.3. Using the Properties Palette to Examine a Block
      4. 7.2.4. Creating a Window Block
    3. 7.3. Inserting the Window Block
      1. 7.3.1. Rotating a Block During Insertion
      2. 7.3.2. Using Snap Tracking to Set the Insertion Point
      3. 7.3.3. Changing a Block's Scale Factor Using Object Properties
      4. 7.3.4. Finishing the Windows
    4. 7.4. Revising a Block
    5. 7.5. Sharing Information Between Drawings
      1. 7.5.1. Dragging and Dropping Between Two Open Drawings
        1. 7.5.1.1. Copying Objects Between Drawings
      2. 7.5.2. Using AutoCAD's DesignCenter
      3. 7.5.3. Other Ways to Share Information Between Drawings
        1. 7.5.3.1. Using the Wblock Command
        2. 7.5.3.2. Inserting One Drawing into Another
        3. 7.5.3.3. Exploring AutoCAD's Palettes
    6. 7.6. If You Would Like More Practice...
    7. 7.7. Are You Experienced?
      1. 7.7.1. Now you can...
  13. 8. Controlling Text in a Drawing
    1. 8.1. Setting Up Text Styles
      1. 8.1.1. Determining Text and Drawing Scale
      2. 8.1.2. Defining a Text Style for Room Labels
        1. 8.1.2.1. Defining a Second Text Style
    2. 8.2. Using Single-Line Text
      1. 8.2.1. Placing Titles of Views in the Drawing
      2. 8.2.2. Placing Room Labels in the Floor Plan
        1. 8.2.2.1. Moving Text
        2. 8.2.2.2. Adding a Leader to the Text
        3. 8.2.2.3. Breaking Lines
      3. 8.2.3. Using Text in a Grid
        1. 8.2.3.1. Justifying Text
        2. 8.2.3.2. Finishing the Grid
      4. 8.2.4. Creating a Title Block and Border
        1. 8.2.4.1. Drawing the Border
        2. 8.2.4.2. Constructing a Title Block
        3. 8.2.4.3. Putting Text in the Title Block
        4. 8.2.4.4. Looking at AutoCAD's Title Blocks
    3. 8.3. Using Multiline Text
      1. 8.3.1.
        1. 8.3.1.1. Adding a Hyperlink
      2. 8.3.2. Using the Spell-Check Feature
        1. 8.3.2.1. Spell-Checking an Entire Drawing
      3. 8.3.3. Exploring Other Aspects of Multiline Text
        1. 8.3.3.1. Using Justification Points
        2. 8.3.3.2. Adding Special Characters
    4. 8.4. If You Would Like More Practice...
    5. 8.5. Are You Experienced?
      1. 8.5.1. Now you can...
  14. 9. Using Dynamic Blocks and Tables
    1. 9.1. Using Attributes for a Grid
      1. 9.1.1. Defining Blocks with Attributes
      2. 9.1.2. Inserting Blocks with Attributes
      3. 9.1.3. Editing Attribute Text
    2. 9.2. Setting Up Multiple Attributes in a Block
      1. 9.2.1. Defining a Block with Multiple Attributes
        1. 9.2.1.1. Calculating Areas
      2. 9.2.2. Inserting the Room_Info Block
      3. 9.2.3. Editing Attributes
      4. 9.2.4. Controlling the Visibility of Attributes
      5. 9.2.5. Exploring Other Uses for Attributes
    3. 9.3. Creating a Dynamic Block
      1. 9.3.1. Setting Up Parameters and Actions
      2. 9.3.2. Fine-Tuning the Dynamic Block with the Properties Palette
      3. 9.3.3. Inserting a Dynamic Block
    4. 9.4. Creating a Table
      1. 9.4.1. Defining a Table Style
      2. 9.4.2. Designing a Table
        1. 9.4.2.1. Adding a Formula
    5. 9.5. If You Would Like More Practice...
    6. 9.6. Are You Experienced?
      1. 9.6.1. Now you can...
  15. 10. Generating Elevations
    1. 10.1. Drawing the South Elevation
      1. 10.1.1. Setting Up Lines for the Heights
      2. 10.1.2. Using Grips to Copy Lines
      3. 10.1.3. Trimming Lines in the Elevation
      4. 10.1.4. Drawing the Decks in Elevation
        1. 10.1.4.1. Drawing the Front Deck
        2. 10.1.4.2. Drawing the Railing Posts
        3. 10.1.4.3. Drawing the Stairs
        4. 10.1.4.4. Drawing the Supports and Foundation
        5. 10.1.4.5. Mirroring the Deck
        6. 10.1.4.6. Cleaning Up the Drawing
    2. 10.2. Generating the Other Elevations
      1. 10.2.1. Making the Opposite Elevation
      2. 10.2.2. Revising the New South Elevation
      3. 10.2.3. Making the Front and Back Elevations
    3. 10.3. Considering Drawing Scale Issues
    4. 10.4. Drawing Interior Elevations
    5. 10.5. If You Would Like More Practice...
    6. 10.6. Are You Experienced?
      1. 10.6.1. Now you can...
  16. 11. Working With Hatches, Gradients, and Tool Palettes
    1. 11.1. Hatching the South Elevation
      1. 11.1.1. Looking at Hatch Patterns
      2. 11.1.2. Hatching the Rest of the South Elevation
        1. 11.1.2.1. Using a Concrete Hatch on the Foundation
        2. 11.1.2.2. Hatching the Wall
        3. 11.1.2.3. Hatching the Pop-out
        4. 11.1.2.4. Using a Solid Fill Hatch
      3. 11.1.3. Adding Special Effects
        1. 11.1.3.1. Implying Shading with a Gradient
    2. 11.2. Using Hatches in the Floor Plan
      1. 11.2.1. Hatching the Floors
        1. 11.2.1.1. Creating the User-Defined Hatch Pattern
        2. 11.2.1.2. Controlling the Origin of the Hatch Pattern
      2. 11.2.2. Finishing the Hatches for the Floors
    3. 11.3. Modifying the Shape of Hatch Patterns
    4. 11.4. Creating and Managing Tool Palettes
      1. 11.4.1. Creating a New Tool Palette
      2. 11.4.2. Setting Up a Palette for Hatches
      3. 11.4.3. Creating a Palette for Commands
    5. 11.5. If You Would Like More Practice...
      1. 11.5.1. Creating the Hatch Patterns for the Other Elevations
      2. 11.5.2. Creating Your Hatch Palette
    6. 11.6. Are You Experienced?
      1. 11.6.1. Now you can...
  17. 12. Dimensioning a Drawing
    1. 12.1. Introducing Dimension Styles
      1. 12.1.1. Making a New Dimension Style
        1. 12.1.1.1. Naming a Dimension Style
        2. 12.1.1.2. Using the Lines Tab
        3. 12.1.1.3. Setting Up the Symbols and Arrows Tab
        4. 12.1.1.4. Making Changes in the Text Tab
        5. 12.1.1.5. Working with Settings on the Fit Tab
        6. 12.1.1.6. Setting Up the Primary Units Tab (Architectural)
        7. 12.1.1.7. Setting Up the Primary Units Tab (Metric)
        8. 12.1.1.8. Completing the Dimension Style Setup
        9. 12.1.1.9. Exploring the Alternate Units Tab
        10. 12.1.1.10. Exploring the Tolerances Tab
    2. 12.2. Placing Dimensions on the Drawing
      1. 12.2.1. Placing Horizontal Dimensions
        1. 12.2.1.1. Using the Continue Command
        2. 12.2.1.2. Using the Baseline Command
        3. 12.2.1.3. Setting Up Vertical Dimensions
        4. 12.2.1.4. Finishing the Dimensions
    3. 12.3. Using Other Types of Dimensions
      1. 12.3.1. Using Radial Dimensions
        1. 12.3.1.1. Adding a Radius Dimension
        2. 12.3.1.2. Adding a Diameter Dimension
        3. 12.3.1.3. Add an Arc Length
      2. 12.3.2. Using Aligned and Angular Dimensions
        1. 12.3.2.1. Using Aligned Dimensions
        2. 12.3.2.2. Using Angular Dimensions
        3. 12.3.2.3. Using Ordinate Dimensions
      3. 12.3.3. Using Leader Lines
        1. 12.3.3.1. Adding the Leaders
    4. 12.4. Modifying Dimensions
      1. 12.4.1. Modifying Dimension Text
        1. 12.4.1.1. Editing Dimension Text Content
        2. 12.4.1.2. Moving Dimensions
      2. 12.4.2. Using Dimension Overrides
      3. 12.4.3. Dimensioning Short Distances
    5. 12.5. If You Would Like More Practice...
      1. 12.5.1. Dimensioning the Garage Addition
      2. 12.5.2. Dimensioning to a Centerline
      3. 12.5.3. Doing Other Exercises
    6. 12.6. Are You Experienced?
      1. 12.6.1. Now you can...
  18. 13. Managing External References
    1. 13.1. Drawing a Site Plan
      1. 13.1.1. Using Surveyor's Units
        1. 13.1.1.1. Introducing Surveyor's Units
        2. 13.1.1.2. Laying Out the Property Lines
      2. 13.1.2. Drawing the Driveway
        1. 13.1.2.1. Finishing the Driveway
        2. 13.1.2.2. Adding a North Arrow
    2. 13.2. Setting Up an External Reference
      1. 13.2.1. Using the External References Palette
        1. 13.2.1.1. Organizing the Drawing Objects
      2. 13.2.2. Moving and Rotating an Xref
    3. 13.3. Modifying an Xref Drawing
      1. 13.3.1. Modifying an Xref by Making It the Current Drawing
      2. 13.3.2. Modifying an Xref from Within the Host Drawing
      3. 13.3.3. Adding an Image to a Drawing
    4. 13.4. Putting Xrefs to Use
    5. 13.5. Exploring Additional Xref Features
      1. 13.5.1. Setting the Xref Path
    6. 13.6. Binding Xrefs
    7. 13.7. Exploring Other Xref Features
    8. 13.8. If You Would Like More Practice...
    9. 13.9. Are You Experienced?
      1. 13.9.1. Now you can...
  19. 14. Using Layouts to Set UP a Print
    1. 14.1. Setting Up Layouts
      1. 14.1.1. Setting the Layout Parameters
      2. 14.1.2. Creating the Paper Space Viewport
      3. 14.1.3. Moving the Border to the Layout
      4. 14.1.4. Setting the Viewport Scale
      5. 14.1.5. Copying the Layouts
        1. 14.1.5.1. Adding Content from the DesignCenter
        2. 14.1.5.2. Renaming, Deleting, and Adding Viewports
    2. 14.2. Adjusting a Viewport's Contents
      1. 14.2.1. Setting the Linetype Scale
      2. 14.2.2. Adjusting the Other Viewports
        1. 14.2.2.1. Adjusting the Plan Notes Layout
        2. 14.2.2.2. Adjusting the South Elev Layout
        3. 14.2.2.3. Adjusting the Other Elevation Layouts
      3. 14.2.3. Setting Up the Site Plan Viewport
        1. 14.2.3.1. Defining a New Viewport Scale
      4. 14.2.4. Locking and Turning Viewports Off
        1. 14.2.4.1. Turning Off Viewports
    3. 14.3. If You Would Like More Practice...
    4. 14.4. Are You Experienced?
      1. 14.4.1. Now you can...
  20. 15. Printing an AutoCAD Drawing
    1. 15.1. Using the Plot Dialog Box
      1. 15.1.1. Printer/Plotter
      2. 15.1.2. Paper Size and Number of Copies
      3. 15.1.3. Plot Area
        1. 15.1.3.1. The Display Option
        2. 15.1.3.2. The Extents Option
        3. 15.1.3.3. The Limits Option
        4. 15.1.3.4. The View Option
        5. 15.1.3.5. The Window Option
        6. 15.1.3.6. The Layout Option
      4. 15.1.4. Plot Scale
      5. 15.1.5. Plot Offset and Plot Options
      6. 15.1.6. The Expanded Plot Dialog Box
    2. 15.2. Printing a Drawing
      1. 15.2.1. Determining Lineweights for a Drawing
      2. 15.2.2. Setting Other Properties of Layers
      3. 15.2.3. Setting Up the Other Parameters for the Print
      4. 15.2.4. Previewing a Print
    3. 15.3. Printing a Drawing Using Layouts
      1. 15.3.1. Printing a Drawing with Multiple Viewports
        1. 15.3.1.1. Printing with a Large-Format Printer
      2. 15.3.2. Publishing Multiple Layouts
    4. 15.4. A Few Words about Plot Styles
      1. 15.4.1. Introducing Plot-Style Table Files
        1. 15.4.1.1. Understanding How Plot-Style Table Files Are Organized
        2. 15.4.1.2. Assigning Plot-Style Tables to Drawings
        3. 15.4.1.3. Summing Up
    5. 15.5. Are You Experienced?
      1. 15.5.1. Now you can...
  21. 16. Creating 3D Geometry
    1. 16.1. Modeling in 3D
      1. 16.1.1. Setting Up a 3D Workspace
        1. 16.1.1.1. Setting the Visual Style
      2. 16.1.2. Making the Walls
        1. 16.1.2.1. Adding the Interior Walls
      3. 16.1.3. Creating the Door and Window Block-Outs
        1. 16.1.3.1. Creating the Window Block-Outs
      4. 16.1.4. Moving and Rotating in 3D
        1. 16.1.4.1. The First Right-Hand Rule
      5. 16.1.5. Cutting the Openings
    2. 16.2. Creating the Floor, Foundation, and Thresholds
      1. 16.2.1. Creating the Foundation and Supports
      2. 16.2.2. Building the Windows
        1. 16.2.2.1. Rotating in 3D (the Second Right-Hand Rule)
        2. 16.2.2.2. Completing the Windows
        3. 16.2.2.3. Adding the Pivot and Bi-Fold Doors
      3. 16.2.3. Navigating with the ViewCube
        1. 16.2.3.1. Adding the Sliding Door
      4. 16.2.4. Building the Decks
        1. 16.2.4.1. Building the Steps
        2. 16.2.4.2. Creating the Stair Handrails
        3. 16.2.4.3. Adding the Skirt
        4. 16.2.4.4. Mirroring the Front Deck
      5. 16.2.5. Putting a Roof on the Cabin
        1. 16.2.5.1. Adjusting the Cabin Walls
        2. 16.2.5.2. Tweaking the Roof and Walls
    3. 16.3. Getting Further Directions in 3D
      1. 16.3.1. Using Other Solids Modeling Tools
      2. 16.3.2. Using Surface-Modeling Tools
    4. 16.4. Are You Experienced?
      1. 16.4.1. Now you can...
  22. 17. Rendering and Materials
    1. 17.1. Creating Cameras to Reproduce Views
      1. 17.1.1. Using the Loft Tool
      2. 17.1.2. Creating the Cameras
    2. 17.2. Creating a Lighting Scheme
      1. 17.2.1. Creating a Light Source
      2. 17.2.2. Enabling Shadows
      3. 17.2.3. The First Render
      4. 17.2.4. Controlling the Background of the Rendering
    3. 17.3. Adding Materials
      1. 17.3.1. Adjusting the Material Mapping
        1. 17.3.1.1. Adjusting the Map Size
        2. 17.3.1.2. Adding Texture
      2. 17.3.2. Rendering to a File
    4. 17.4. Are You Experienced?
      1. 17.4.1. Now you can...
  23. GLOSSARY