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Architectural Styles by Owen Hopkins

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Gothic and Medieval

The birth of the Gothic in Europe can traced more or less to a new choir at the then abbey of Saint-Denis, near Paris, France, in 1140. Built under the direction of the revered Abbot Suger and consecrated in 1144, the choir (and its unknown designer) revolutionized architecture for at least the next 300 years. With the revival of the Gothic in the nineteenth century, its influence extended, indirectly, centuries further.

The features now considered integral to Gothic architecture – the pointed arch, the flying buttress and the rib vault – were in fact all employed in various ways in the preceding Romanesque style. One theory even holds that the origins of the pointed arch can be traced further back to early Islamic architecture. ...

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