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Architect’s Handbook of Formulas, Tables, and Mathematical Calculations

Book Description

The Architect's Handbook of Formulas, Tables, and Mathematical Calculations compliles a vast range of practical, concise formulas, tables, and calculation methods useful to improve the design process. It is a problem-solving and decision-making tool for the practicing architect and interior designer. The material included in this book gives you the answer to the many types of problems  you face every day - those dealing with overall site and space planning, sizes of building components, material selection, finishes, construction assemblies, and building systems. In addition, you will find useful "rules of thumb" and basic reference data.

The organization of this Handbook is based on how architects actually work through a project and make decisions - from establishing early programming needs, to making preliminary design and building system choices, to evaluating specific material selctions. The tables and calculation methods selected are practical, proven reference information helpful for all phases of a job. To make the tables and formulas even more useful, steph-by-step procedures for using them and easy-to-follow examples are included where appropriate.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Other Prentice-Hall Books by the Author
  3. About the Author
  4. What This Book Will Do for You
  5. List of Illustrations
    1. Section 1: How to Determine Building Planning Space Requirements
    2. Section 2: Calculating Building Systems
    3. Section 3: Energy Standards
    4. Section 4: Building Components
    5. Section 5: Reference Data
  6. 1. How to Determine Building Planning Space Requirements
      1. Parking and Site Work
        1. Rules of Thumb
          1. Planning Procedures for Parking and Site Work
          2. Calculating Minimum Turning Radii of Vehicles
      2. Space Planning Guidelines
        1. Rules of Thumb
      3. Preliminary Elevator Planning
        1. Rules of Thumb
      4. Stairs and Ramps
        1. Rules of Thumb
      5. Library Planning
        1. Rules of Thumb
      6. Audio-Visual Planning
        1. Rules of Thumb
          1. Formulas for Projection Media
  7. 2. Calculating Building Systems
    1. 2A. Structural Systems
      1. Rules of Thumb
      2. Preliminary Structural Design Charts
      3. Vertical Support Charts
      4. How to Determine Static Loads
        1. Diagrams and Formulas for Static Loads
      5. Steel Beams
        1. Uniform Load Constants Use of Tables
      6. Steel Columns
      7. Steel Joists
        1. K-Series, Economy Table
        2. LH-Series
        3. DLH-Series
      8. Formulas for Structural Lumber Beams
        1. Deflection Formula
      9. Tables for Design Values, Joist Sizing, and Grade Selection
      10. Plywood
      11. Glued, Laminated Construction
    2. 2B. Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Space Allowances
      1. How to Do Preliminary Sizing of Mechanical Equipment Space
        1. Rules of Thumb
          1. Formulas for Mechanical Equipment Space
          2. Fan rooms
      2. How to Estimate Duct Sizes
      3. Ventilation Requirements
        1. Attic Ventilation for Moisture Control
        2. Crawl Space Ventilation
    3. 2C. Plumbing
      1. Minimum Plumbing Fixtures
      2. Water Pipe Sizing Using Tables
      3. Procedures for Sizing
        1. Sizing for Flushometer Valves
        2. Sizing Systems with Hot Water Piping
          1. Alternate Method of Sizing Systems with Hot Water Piping
      4. How to Calculate the Required Size of Drainage Piping
      5. How to Calculate the Required Sizing of Rainwater Piping
        1. Sizing of Gutters
        2. Sizing of Vertical Rainwater Piping
        3. Sizing of Horizontal Rainwater Piping
      6. Plumbing Pipe Sizes
    4. 2D. Fire Protection
      1. How to Determine Required Number of Sprinklers and Their Location
      2. Maximum Spacing Between Lines and Sprinklers
    5. 2E. Electrical Data
      1. Formula for Ohm’s Law for AC Circuits:
      2. Formula for Power in AC Circuits:
        1. Example
        2. Energy Formula
      3. Sizes of Metallic Conduit
      4. Maximum Number of Conductors Allowed in Conduit
      5. Conditions
    6. 2F. Illumination
      1. Measuring Light and Illumination Terms
        1. Conversion Factors of Units of Illumination
          1. FORMULAS
            1. Inverse Square Law
            2. Cosine Law
      2. How to Select the Recommended Illuminance Level
      3. How to Calculate Number of Luminaires Required
        1. Light Loss Factor (LLF)
        2. Luminaire Dirt Depreciation (LDD)
        3. Room Surface Dirt
      4. Lamp Selection and Surface Reflection Recommendations
    7. 2G. Acoustics
      1. How to Use Basic Acoustic Formulas
      2. Addition of Decibels of Uncorrelated Sounds
      3. How to Calculate Noise Reduction Between Spaces
      4. How to Calculate Noise Reduction Within a Space
      5. How to Calculate Reverberation Time
        1. Rules of Thumb
    8. 2H. Vertical Transportation
      1. Elevator Selection
        1. Rules of Thumb
      2. Determining Escalator Space Requirements
  8. 3. Energy Standards
    1. 3A. Heat Loss Calculations
      1. Common Heat Loss Terms
      2. Heat Loss Through the Building Envelope
        1. Formula That Includes Framing Members and Insulated Areas
      3. How to Calculate Heat Loss Through Infiltration
      4. Requirements for Building Envelope Components
    2. 3B. Heat Gain Calculations
      1. How to Calculate Heat Gains Through the Building Envelope
      2. How to Calculate Heat Gains Through Glazing
      3. How to Calculate Gains from Infiltration and Ventilation
      4. How to Calculate Gains from Occupancy
    3. 3C. Passive Solar Design
      1. Common Solar Formulas and Their Terms
      2. Schematic Design Estimates of Collector Area and Thermal Mass
        1. Rule of Thumb
      3. Design Procedures for Design Development Phase
        1. Calculating the Building Load Coefficient (BLC)
        2. Determining the Solar Collector Area
      4. Effect of Changing System Variables on Performance
      5. Preliminary Design, Summary Guidelines Related to Several Variables
        1. Direct Gain Systems
        2. Thermal Storage Wall Systems
    4. 3D. Daylighting
      1. Daylighting with Sidelighting Calculations
        1. Tables Showing Coefficients of Utilization
        2. Tables Showing Coefficients of Utilization and V Factors for Venetian Blinds
      2. How to Factor in Overhangs
      3. How to Calculate Sun Position
      4. Shading Devices
      5. Sources for More Information
    5. 3E. Climate
      1. Climatic Data for Selected Cities in the U.S.
  9. 4. Building Components
    1. 4A. Concrete
      1. Standards for Concrete Tolerances
    2. 4B. Masonry
      1. Properties and Coursing of Brick
      2. Tables Showing Properties of Limestone and Marble
      3. Tables for Selecting Masonry Based on Weathering Requirements
      4. Tables Showing Sizes, Tolerances, and Finishes of Building Stone
      5. Tables Showing Properties and Thermal Values of Masonry Walls
      6. Table Showing Fireplace Opening Recommendations
    3. 4C. Metals
    4. 4D. Non-Structural Wood Applications
      1. Shelf Deflection
      2. Table Showing Selection of Wood for Interior Applications
      3. Seasoning of Wood and Dimensional Changes
    5. 4E. Thermal and Moisture Protection
      1. Table Showing Shingles
      2. Table Showing How to Select the Correct R Value of Building Insulation
      3. Table Showing Guidelines for Selecting Sealants
    6. 4F. Doors and Windows
      1. Tables Showing Door and Hardware Selection
      2. Tables Showing Selection and Design Guidelines for Glass
    7. 4G. Finishes
      1. Tables Showing Flooring
      2. Tables Relating to Ceramic Tile
  10. 5. Reference Data
      1. Conversion Factors
        1. Equilateral Triangle
        2. Parallelogram
        3. Trapezoid
        4. Ellipse
        5. Parabola
        6. Regular Polygons