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Applying Nanotechnology for Environmental Sustainability

Book Description

Nanomaterials have been used for years in industries such as consumer products, textile production, and biomedicine, yet the literature outlining their use in environmental causes is limited. The safety, toxicity, transportation, and removal of this technology must be addressed as nanotechnology and nanomaterial use is expected to grow. Applying Nanotechnology for Environmental Sustainability addresses the applications of nanomaterials in the field of environmental conservation and sustainability, and analyses the potential risks associated with their use. It elucidates the scientific concepts and emerging technologies in nanoscience and nanotoxicity by offering a wide range of innovative topics and reviews regarding its use. This publication is essential for environmental engineers, researchers, consultants, students, regulators, and professionals in the field of nanotechnology.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Chapter 1: Evaluation of Currently Available Techniques for Studying Colloids in Environmental Media
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. REQUIREMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES
    4. OVERVIEW ON ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES
    5. CASE STUDY: HDC-SP-ICP-MS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Chapter 2: Nanotechnology for Filtration-Based Point-of-Use Water Treatment
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CURRENT POINT-OF-USE WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
    5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. REFERENCES
  10. Chapter 3: Nanotechnology in Engineered Membranes
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NANOMATERIAL-EMBEDDED POLYMER MEMBRANES (NANO-ENHANCED MEMBRANES)
    4. CNTS-POLYMER COMPOSITE MEMBRANE
    5. ELECTROSPUN NANOFIBER MEMBRANES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Chapter 4: Removal of Emerging Contaminants from Water and Wastewater Using Nanofiltration Technology
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. FUNDAMENTAL OF NANOFILTRATION
    4. 3. REMOVAL OF EMERGING CONTAMINANTS WITH NANOFILTRATION
    5. 4. PLANT DESIGN
    6. 5. CONCLUSION AND PROSPECTS
    7. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 5: Long-Term Performance Evaluation of Groundwater Chlorinated Solvents Remediation Using Nanoscale Emulsified Zerovalent Iron at a Superfund Site
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. EZVI PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
    5. PROCESSES OF DECHLORINATION IN THE SOURCE AREA
    6. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE EZVI TECHNOLOGY
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Chapter 6: In-Situ Oxidative Degradation of Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Using a New Class of Stabilized MnO2 Nanoparticles
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
    3. 2. SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CMC-STABILIZED MnO NANOPARTICLES
    4. 3. OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION OF E2 IN WATER AND SOIL BY STABILIZED MnO
    5. 4. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE WORK
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  14. Chapter 7: Light Sensitized Disinfection with Fullerene
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. BACKGROUND
    4. 3. FUNCTIONALIZED FULLERENES
    5. 4. SUPPORTED FULLERENES
    6. 5. SUPPORTED HIGHER FULLERENE
    7. 6. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 8: Nanotechnology Applications for Sustainable Crop Production
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HOW NANOPARTICLES WORK
    4. BASIC APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    5. NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN AGRICULTURE
    6. NANOMATERIAL SEEDS TREATMENTS AND GERMINATION
    7. NANOFERTILIZERS
    8. NANOPESTICIDES
    9. NANOHERBICIDES
    10. NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY
    11. NANOSENSORS
    12. NANOREMEDIATION OF IRRIGATION WATER
    13. NANO CLAYS AND ZEOLITES
    14. NANO RISK
    15. CONCLUSION
    16. REFERENCES
    17. ADDITIONAL READING
    18. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  16. Chapter 9: Developments in Antibacterial Disinfection Techniques
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
    3. CLASSIFICATION OF NANOMATERIALS
    4. NANOMATERIALS AS ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS
    5. CHALLENGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  17. Chapter 10: Assessment of Advanced Biological Solid Waste Treatment Technologies for Sustainability
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW
    4. NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR WASTE TREATMENT
    5. SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT
    6. RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  18. Chapter 11: Hybrid Nanostructures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. PHYSICS OF PLASMONIC NANOSTRUCTURES
    4. 3. SYNTHETIC ROUTS AND STRATEGIE OF PLASMONIC NANOSTRUCTURES
    5. 4. SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF PLASMONIC HYBRID NANOSTRUCTURES
    6. 5. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  19. Chapter 12: Hybrid Plasmonic Nanostructures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. ENVIROMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF PLASMONIC NANOPARTICLES
    4. 3. CONCLUSION
    5. REFERENCES
  20. Chapter 13: Ecotoxicity and Toxicity of Nanomaterials with Potential for Wastewater Treatment Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NANOMATERIALS AND THEIR APPLICATION FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT
    4. CONCLUSION
    5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    6. REFERENCES
  21. Chapter 14: Ecotoxicity Effects of Nanomaterials on Aquatic Organisms
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. PHYSICOCHEMICAL INTERACTIONS BETWEEN NANOMATERIALS AND BIOLOGICAL ORGANISMS
    4. MECHANISM OF ACTION OF NANOSILVER IN VITRO AND IN VIVO USING ZEBRAFISH
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
  22. Chapter 15: Copper and Copper Nanoparticles Induced Hematological Changes in a Freshwater Fish Labeo rohita – A Comparative Study
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MATERIALS AND METHOD
    4. RESULTS
    5. DISCUSSION
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
  23. Chapter 16: Control of Perishable Goods in Cold Logistic Chains by Bionanosensors
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NANOSENSORS
    4. NANOSENSORS IN THE INTERNET OF THINGS
    5. THEORETICAL BACKBONE TO DETERMINE ESSENTIAL DECISION VARIABLES IN FEEDBACK CONTROLLED LOGISTICS OF PERISHABLE GOODS
    6. FUTURE CHALLENGES, SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ENDNOTE
  24. Chapter 17: Understanding Toxicity of Nanomaterials in Biological Systems
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NANO VS. BULK MATERIALS AND NANOTOXICOLOGY PUBLICATION STATISTICS
    4. METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    7. REFERENCES
  25. Compilation of References
  26. About the Contributors