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Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Book Description

Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented.

This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer.

  • Discover the potential of the Smart Grid
  • Learn in depth about its systems
  • See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Acknowledgments
  6. About the Authors
  7. About the Technical Editor
  8. Foreword by Troels Oerting
  9. Foreword by Robert P. Lockhart
  10. Introduction
    1. Book overview and key learning points
    2. Book audience
    3. Diagrams and Figures
    4. What’s in the Book
    5. References
  11. Chapter 1. What is the Smart Grid?
    1. Energy demands
    2. Grid resilience
    3. Environmental performance
    4. Operational efficiencies
    5. Common components of the Smart Grid
    6. Pitfalls of the Smart Grid
    7. Summary
    8. References
  12. Chapter 2. Smart Grid Network Architecture
    1. Bulk and distributed generation architectures
    2. Transmission and distribution architecture
    3. Advanced metering architecture
    4. In-home systems
    5. Microgrids
    6. System interdependencies
    7. Protocols
    8. Summary
    9. References
  13. Chapter 3. Hacking the Smart Grid
    1. Motive
    2. Identifying a target
    3. Vulnerability
    4. Attack tools
    5. Attack methods
    6. Summary
    7. References
  14. Chapter 4. Privacy Concerns with the Smart Grid
    1. Personal data
    2. References
  15. Chapter 5. Security Models for SCADA, ICS, and Smart Grid
    1. NISTIR 7628 Smart Grid cyber security architecture
    2. EU M/490 and the SGCG reference architecture for the Smart Grid
    3. IEEE 2030-2011 Smart Grid power system, communication technology, and information technology reference diagrams
    4. ISA-62443 (also known as ISA-SP99): zones and conduits and Smart Grids
    5. Mapping security requirements to Smart Grid environments
    6. A simplified Smart Grid reference model
    7. Summary
    8. References
  16. Chapter 6. Securing the Smart Grid
    1. Implementing security control within Smart Grid endpoints
    2. Establishing strong boundaries and zone separation
    3. Protecting data and applications within the Smart Grid
    4. Situational awareness
    5. Use case: defending against Shamoon
    6. Summary
    7. References
  17. Chapter 7. Securing the Supply Chain
    1. Smart Grid supply chain
    2. References
  18. Chapter 8. The Future of the Grid
    1. The challenge of making predictions
    2. Value of personal data
    3. Future cyber security considerations
    4. The future of cyber security countermeasures
    5. Summary
    6. References
  19. Appendix A. Reference Models and Architectures
    1. Smart Grid cyber security reference model
    2. Smart Grid cyber security design template
    3. Generation cyber security reference model (detail)
    4. Generation cyber security design template (detail)
    5. NISTIR 7628 guidelines for Smart Grid cyber security
    6. SGCG reference architecture for the Smart Grid
    7. Applying endpoint security controls
    8. Applying network security controls
    9. Applying data integrity and protection controls
    10. References
  20. Appendix B. Continued Reading
    1. Smart Grid Security: An end-to-end view of security in the new electrical grid, by Gilbert N. Sorebo and Michael C. Echols
    2. Industrial Network Security: Securing critical infrastructure networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and other industrial control systems, by Eric D. Knapp
    3. Securing the Smart Grid: Next generation power grid security, by Tony Flick and Justin Morehouse
    4. Smart Grid: Integrating renewable, distributed, and efficient energy, by Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
    5. Cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems: SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS, by Tyson Macaulay and Bryan Singer
    6. NISTIR 7628 guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security
    7. SGCG report on reference architecture for the Smart Grid
    8. IEEE guide for Smart Grid interoperability of energy technology and information technology operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), end-use applications, and loads
    9. References
  21. Glossary
  22. Index