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Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Book Description

This book addresses the fundamentals and practical implementations of antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)

In this book, the authors discuss the various aspects of GNSS antennas, including fundamentals of GNSS, design approaches for the GNSS terminal and satellite antennas, performance enhancement techniques and effects of user's presence and surrounding environment on these antennas. In addition, the book will provide the reader with an insight into the most important aspects of the GNSS antenna technology and lay the foundations for future advancements. It also includes a number of real case studies describing the ways in which antenna design can be adapted to conform to the design constraints of practical user devices, and also the management of potential adverse interactions between the antenna and its platform.

Key Features:

  • Covers the fundamentals and practical implementations of antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)

  • Describes technological advancements for GPS, Glonass, Galileo and Compass

  • Aims to address future issues such as multipath interference, in building operation, RF interference in mobile

  • Includes a number of real case studies to illustrate practical implementation of GNSS

This book will be an invaluable guide for antenna designers, system engineers, researchers for GNSS systems and postgraduate students (antennas, satellite communication technology). R&D engineers in mobile handset manufacturers, spectrum engineers will also find this book of interest.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Preface
  5. Chapter 1: Fundamentals of GNSS
    1. 1.1 History of GNSS
    2. 1.2 Basic Principles of GNSS
    3. 1.3 Operation of GPS
    4. 1.4 Applications Including Differential GPS
    5. References
  6. Chapter 2: Fundamental Considerations for GNSS Antennas
    1. 2.1 GNSS Radio Wave Propagation
    2. 2.2 Antenna Design Fundamentals
    3. 2.3 CP Antenna Design
    4. References
  7. Chapter 3: Satellite GNSS Antennas
    1. 3.1 Navigation Antenna Requirements
    2. 3.2 Types of Antenna Deployed
    3. 3.3 Special Considerations for Spacecraft Antenna Design
    4. References
  8. Chapter 4: Terminal GNSS Antennas
    1. 4.1 Microstrip Antenna for Terminal GNSS Application
    2. 4.2 Spiral and Helix GNSS Antennas
    3. 4.3 Design of a PIFA for a GNSS Terminal Antenna
    4. References
  9. Chapter 5: Multimode and Advanced Terminal Antennas
    1. 5.1 Multiband Terminal Antennas
    2. 5.2 Wideband CP Terminal Antennas
    3. 5.3 High-Precision GNSS Terminal Antennas
    4. References
  10. Chapter 6: Terminal Antennas in Difficult Environments
    1. 6.1 GNSS Antennas and Multipath Environment
    2. 6.2 Statistical Modelling of Multipath Environment for GNSS Operation
    3. 6.3 Open Field Test Procedure
    4. 6.4 Performance Assessment of GNSS Mobile Terminal Antennas in Multipath Environment
    5. 6.5 Performance Dependence on GNSS Antenna Orientation
    6. 6.6 Performance Enhancement of GNSS Mobile Terminal Antennas in Difficult Environments
    7. References
  11. Chapter 7: Human User Effects on GNSS Antennas
    1. 7.1 Interaction of Human Body and GNSS Antennas
    2. 7.2 Effects of Human Body on GNSS Mobile Terminal Antennas in Difficult Environments
    3. References
  12. Chapter 8: Mobile Terminal GNSS Antennas
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Antenna Specification Parameters
    3. 8.3 Classification of GNSS Terminals
    4. 8.4 Antenna Designs for Portable User Equipment
    5. 8.5 The Function of the Platform
    6. 8.6 Comparing Antenna Performance on UEs
    7. 8.7 Practical Design
    8. 8.8 Case Studies
    9. 8.9 Summary
    10. References
  13. Appendix A
  14. Appendix B
    1. B.1 Evaluation of Phase Centre Stability
    2. B.2 Determination of the Average Phase Centre
    3. References
  15. Index