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Animation: A World History

Book Description

A continuation of 1994’s groundbreaking Cartoons, Giannalberto Bendazzi’s Animation: A World History is the largest, deepest, most comprehensive text of its kind, based on the idea that animation is an art form that deserves its own place in scholarship. Bendazzi delves beyond just Disney, offering readers glimpses into the animation of Russia, Africa, Latin America, and other often-neglected areas and introducing over fifty previously undiscovered artists. Full of first-hand, never before investigated, and elsewhere unavailable information, Animation: A World History encompasses the history of animation production on every continent over the span of three centuries.

Volume III catches you up to speed on the state of animation from 1991 to present. Although characterized by such trends as economic globalization, the expansion of television series, emerging markets in countries like China and India, and the consolidation of elitist auteur animation, the story of contemporary animation is still open to interpretation. With an abundance of first-hand research and topics ranging from Nickelodeon and Pixar to modern Estonian animation, this book is the most complete record of modern animation on the market and is essential reading for all serious students of animation history.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. The Sixth Period
    1. 1 Contemporary Times
      1. The Last Days of the Wall
      2. An Animation Notebook
    2. 2 North America
      1. Is TV an Art Too?
        1. Animation Followed
      2. Sub-Period 1: The Beginning, 1989–1998
        1. Mike Judge
        2. Nickelodeon’s Double Humour
        3. A Matter of Style
        4. The Extremist
      3. Sub-Period 2: 1999–2009
        1. Authors’ Work
        2. Animated Channels
        3. Limited Disney
        4. Renaissance in Disney Features
        5. The Mantle of Walt
        6. Working on Dreams
      4. Pixar: Character Animation in the Digital Era
        1. Before Pixar
        2. From Toy Story to Disney
        3. The Pixar Touch
        4. Computer Animation
        5. What It Looked Like
        6. Storytelling
      5. CGI and Feature Films
      6. Tim Burton, Henry Selick, Mike Johnson
        1. Tim Burton
        2. Henry Selick
        3. Mike Johnson
      7. The Independents
        1. Outside Animation
        2. Duration: Long Form
        3. Duration: Time and Space
        4. Performance Catharsis
        5. Documentary
        6. New Yorkers
        7. Out There
        8. Digital Pulp
      8. Women in the Limelight
        1. Vibeke Sorensen
        2. Deanna Morse
        3. Joanna Priestley
        4. Maureen Selwood
      9. The Soloists
        1. Bill Plympton
        2. Igor Kovalyov
      10. Canada
        1. Steven Woloshen
        2. Normand Roger
        3. Wendy, Amanda, and the Others
        4. Jacques Drouin
        5. The Evolution of Pierre Hébert
      11. Notes
    3. 3 Europe
      1. Great Britain: The Wonderful Years
        1. Channel 4 Animation
        2. Animation Meets Video Art
        3. Londoners
        4. In Manchester
        5. In Cardiff
        6. Scotland
      2. Ireland
        1. Studios
        2. Independents
      3. France
        1. The Feature Film
        2. Animation and Comic Strips
        3. 3D and Infography
        4. TV Series
        5. The Short Film
        6. That Famous Touch
        7. Michel Ocelot
        8. Florence Miailhe
        9. Alain Gagnol and Jean-Loup Felicioli
        10. Borislav Šajtinac
      4. Belgium
      5. Luxemburg
      6. The Netherlands
        1. Rosto
        2. Michael Dudok de Wit
      7. Germany after Reunification
        1. The German Colleges: Where the Art of Animated Film Began
        2. The Renewal of the Abstract Animated Film
        3. Underground, Subversion, and Animation
        4. Reduction
        5. Reflection and Narrative
        6. The Art of Puppet Animation
        7. Winning Students
        8. Humourous Germany? Animated Movie Theatre Productions
        9. New Form of 3D-Rendered Computer Animations
        10. Bärbel Neubauer
      8. Austria
      9. Switzerland
        1. Georges Schwizgebel
        2. A Case of Form
        3. Other Animators
      10. Denmark
      11. Sweden
        1. Magnus Carlsson
      12. Norway
      13. Finland
      14. Iceland
        1. The Invasion of the Elves
      15. Estonia
        1. Priit Pärn
      16. Latvia
      17. Lithuania
      18. Belarus
      19. Poland
        1. Piotr Dumała
        2. Jerzy Kucia
      20. Czech Republic
        1. Michaela Pavlátová
        2. Jiří Barta
        3. Jan Balej
        4. Pavel Koutský
        5. Vlasta Pospišílová
        6. Aurel Klimt
        7. Other Czech Artists
      21. Slovakia
      22. Hungary
      23. Slovenia
      24. Croatia
        1. Joško Marušić
      25. Serbia
      26. Bosnia and Herzegovina
      27. Bulgaria
      28. Romania
      29. Cyprus
      30. Ukraine
      31. Georgia
      32. Armenia
        1. Robert Sahakyants
      33. Azerbaijan
      34. Greece
        1. Yiorgos Sifianos
      35. Albania
      36. Italy
        1. The Neo-Pictorial Current
      37. Spain
        1. The New Era
        2. The Turning Point
        3. TV Series
        4. Shorts
      38. Portugal
      39. Russia
        1. History of the 1990s
        2. History of the 2000s
        3. Economy
        4. A Look Back, in Anger
        5. Tatarsky and Pilot, the Greatest Adventure
        6. Producers: The New Class
        7. Prokhorov, from Science to Children’s Films
        8. Directors
      40. More About It 1
      41. More About It 2
      42. Notes
    4. 4 Asia
      1. Japan, Asiatic Giant
        1. A Lost Decade?
        2. Studio Ghibli
        3. Takahata Isao
        4. Miyazaki Hayao
        5. More Animation Studios
        6. Kawaii
        7. Dezaki
        8. Rintarô
        9. Oshii Mamoru
        10. Kon Satoshi
        11. Otomo Katsuhiro
        12. Kawamori Shoji
        13. Kawajiri Yoshiaki
        14. Morimoto Koji
        15. A New Kind of Serial
        16. Satellite Channels
        17. The Main Directors of New Serial Animation
        18. Internet and CG Anime
        19. Visual Art, Anime, and Manga
        20. Murakami Takashi
        21. Tabaimo
        22. Ishida Takashi
        23. The Superflat World
        24. Independent Animation
        25. More Independent Animators
        26. Conclusions
        27. Challenges
      2. Israel
        1. Israeli – American Tatia Rosenthal
      3. Turkey
      4. Arabian Middle East
        1. Palestine
        2. Jordan
        3. Syria
        4. Lebanon
        5. Iraq
        6. Kuwait
        7. Saudi Arabia
        8. Bahrain
        9. Qatar
        10. Emirates – Dubai
        11. Oman
        12. Yemen
        13. Iran
      5. Kazakhstan
        1. Zhaken Danenov, the Master
        2. Younger Kazakhs
      6. Uzbekistan
      7. Kyrgyzstan
        1. New Period, New Horizons
      8. Tajikistan
        1. Bakhtier Kakharov
      9. Turkmenistan
      10. Mongolia
      11. South Korea
      12. China
        1. Short Chinese Animation1990–2000
        2. Investment and a New Mainstream
        3. Animation Studios
      13. Taiwan
        1. Taiwan Independent
      14. Hong Kong
      15. India
      16. Nepal
      17. Southeast Asia
        1. Vietnam
        2. Thailand
        3. Malaysia
        4. Singapore
        5. Indonesia
        6. The Philippines
      18. More About It 3
      19. Notes
    5. 5 Africa
      1. Morocco
      2. Algeria
      3. Tunisia
      4. Libya
      5. Egypt
      6. Mali
      7. Niger
      8. Sudan
      9. Ethiopia
      10. Senegal
      11. Ivory Coast
      12. Ghana
      13. Benin
      14. Burkina Faso
      15. Nigeria
      16. Cameroon
      17. Kenya
      18. Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
      19. Mozambique
      20. Madagascar
      21. Zimbabwe
        1. The JAAG Group
      22. South African Republic
        1. Frame-by-Frame Animation Studios
        2. Klaybow Films
        3. Lindsay van Blerk and XYZoo
        4. Triggerfish Studios
        5. Commercial Studios
        6. William Kentridge
      23. Notes
    6. 6 Latin America
      1. Mexico
        1. Feature Films
      2. Cuba
      3. English-Speaking Caribbean Area
        1. Jamaica
        2. Saint Lucia
        3. Barbados
        4. Trinidad and Tobago
      4. Guatemala
      5. Honduras
      6. El Salvador
      7. Costa Rica
      8. Panama
      9. Colombia
      10. Venezuela
      11. Ecuador
      12. Peru
      13. Brazil
      14. Bolivia
      15. Paraguay
      16. Chile
      17. Argentina
        1. Features
        2. Short Films
        3. Appearance of Schools
      18. Uruguay
      19. Notes
    7. 7 Oceania
      1. Australia
        1. Volumetric Leunig
        2. Death Becomes Him
        3. Adam Elliot
        4. Anthony Lucas
        5. And Many More
      2. New Zealand
      3. Notes
    8. 8 Issues
      1. Music Videos
      2. Stereoscopy
        1. The Audience’s Literacy
        2. Optical Perception and Film Language
      3. Machinima, Real-Time Animation
      4. Notes