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Analysis of Variance Designs by A. J. Guarino, Lawrence S. Meyers, Glenn Gamst

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Chapter Ten One-way within-subjects design

10.1 The concept of within-subjects variance

In between-subjects designs, participants contribute a single value of the dependent variable, and different participants are represented under each level of the independent variable. The situation is different for within-subjects designs. Here, we register a value of the dependent variable in each and every condition of the study for every one of the participants or cases in the study. That is, each participant is measured under each level of the independent variable.

Within-subjects designs are still univariate studies in that there is only one dependent variable in the design. As is true for between-subjects designs, the dependent variable is operationalized ...

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