You are previewing An Introduction to LTE: LTE, LTE-Advanced, SAE, VoLTE and 4G Mobile Communications, 2nd Edition.
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An Introduction to LTE: LTE, LTE-Advanced, SAE, VoLTE and 4G Mobile Communications, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Following on from the successful first edition (March 2012), this book gives a clear explanation of what LTE does and how it works. The content is expressed at a systems level, offering readers the opportunity to grasp the key factors that make LTE the hot topic amongst vendors and operators across the globe. The book assumes no more than a basic knowledge of mobile telecommunication systems, and the reader is not expected to have any previous knowledge of the complex mathematical operations that underpin LTE.

This second edition introduces new material for the current state of the industry, such as the new features of LTE in Releases 11 and 12, notably coordinated multipoint transmission and proximity services; the main short- and long-term solutions for LTE voice calls, namely circuit switched fallback and the IP multimedia subsystem; and the evolution and current state of the LTE market. It also extends some of the material from the first edition, such as inter-operation with other technologies such as GSM, UMTS, wireless local area networks and cdma2000; additional features of LTE Advanced, notably heterogeneous networks and traffic offloading; data transport in the evolved packet core; coverage and capacity estimation for LTE; and a more rigorous treatment of modulation, demodulation and OFDMA. The author breaks down the system into logical blocks, by initially introducing the architecture of LTE, explaining the techniques used for radio transmission and reception and the overall operation of the system, and concluding with more specialized topics such as LTE voice calls and the later releases of the specifications. This methodical approach enables readers to move on to tackle the specifications and the more advanced texts with confidence.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. List of Abbreviations
  8. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. 1.1 Architectural Review of UMTS and GSM
    2. 1.2 History of Mobile Telecommunication Systems
    3. 1.3 The Need for LTE
    4. 1.4 From UMTS to LTE
    5. 1.5 From LTE to LTE-Advanced
    6. 1.6 The 3GPP Specifications for LTE
    7. References
  9. Chapter 2: System Architecture Evolution
    1. 2.1 High-Level Architecture of LTE
    2. 2.2 User Equipment
    3. 2.3 Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network
    4. 2.4 Evolved Packet Core
    5. 2.5 Communication Protocols
    6. 2.6 Example Signalling Flows
    7. 2.7 Bearer Management
    8. 2.8 State Diagrams
    9. 2.9 Spectrum Allocation
    10. References
  10. Chapter 3: Digital Wireless Communications
    1. 3.1 Radio Transmission and Reception
    2. 3.2 Radio Transmission in a Mobile Cellular Network
    3. 3.3 Impairments to the Received Signal
    4. 3.4 Error Management
    5. References
  11. Chapter 4: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access
    1. 4.1 Principles of OFDMA
    2. 4.2 Benefits and Additional Features of OFDMA
    3. 4.3 Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access
    4. References
  12. Chapter 5: Multiple Antenna Techniques
    1. 5.1 Diversity Processing
    2. 5.2 Spatial Multiplexing
    3. 5.3 Beamforming
    4. References
  13. Chapter 6: Architecture of the LTE Air Interface
    1. 6.1 Air Interface Protocol Stack
    2. 6.2 Logical, Transport and Physical Channels
    3. 6.3 The Resource Grid
    4. 6.4 Multiple Antenna Transmission
    5. 6.5 Resource Element Mapping
    6. References
  14. Chapter 7: Cell Acquisition
    1. 7.1 Acquisition Procedure
    2. 7.2 Synchronization Signals
    3. 7.3 Downlink Reference Signals
    4. 7.4 Physical Broadcast Channel
    5. 7.5 Physical Control Format Indicator Channel
    6. 7.6 System Information
    7. 7.7 Procedures after Acquisition
    8. References
  15. Chapter 8: Data Transmission and Reception
    1. 8.1 Data Transmission Procedures
    2. 8.2 Transmission of Scheduling Messages on the PDCCH
    3. 8.3 Data Transmission on the PDSCH and PUSCH
    4. 8.4 Transmission of Hybrid ARQ Indicators on the PHICH
    5. 8.5 Uplink Control Information
    6. 8.6 Transmission of Uplink Control Information on the PUCCH
    7. 8.7 Uplink Reference Signals
    8. 8.8 Power Control
    9. 8.9 Discontinuous Reception
    10. References
  16. Chapter 9: Random Access
    1. 9.1 Transmission of Random Access Preambles on the PRACH
    2. 9.2 Non-Contention-Based Procedure
    3. 9.3 Contention-Based Procedure
    4. References
  17. Chapter 10: Air Interface Layer 2
    1. 10.1 Medium Access Control Protocol
    2. 10.2 Radio Link Control Protocol
    3. 10.3 Packet Data Convergence Protocol
    4. References
  18. Chapter 11: Power-On and Power-Off Procedures
    1. 11.1 Power-On Sequence
    2. 11.2 Network and Cell Selection
    3. 11.3 RRC Connection Establishment
    4. 11.4 Attach Procedure
    5. 11.5 Detach Procedure
    6. References
  19. Chapter 12: Security Procedures
    1. 12.1 Network Access Security
    2. 12.2 Network Domain Security
    3. References
  20. Chapter 13: Quality of Service, Policy and Charging
    1. 13.1 Policy and Charging Control
    2. 13.2 Policy and Charging Control Architecture
    3. 13.3 Session Management Procedures
    4. 13.4 Data Transport in the Evolved Packet Core
    5. 13.5 Charging and Billing
    6. References
  21. Chapter 14: Mobility Management
    1. 14.1 Transitions between Mobility Management States
    2. 14.2 Cell Reselection in RRC_IDLE
    3. 14.3 Measurements in RRC_CONNECTED
    4. 14.4 Handover in RRC_CONNECTED
    5. References
  22. Chapter 15: Inter-operation with UMTS and GSM
    1. 15.1 System Architecture
    2. 15.2 Power-On Procedures
    3. 15.3 Mobility Management in RRC_IDLE
    4. 15.4 Mobility Management in RRC_CONNECTED
    5. References
  23. Chapter 16: Inter-operation with Non-3GPP Technologies
    1. 16.1 Generic System Architecture
    2. 16.2 Generic Signalling Procedures
    3. 16.3 Inter-Operation with cdma2000 HRPD
    4. References
  24. Chapter 17: Self-Optimizing Networks
    1. 17.1 Self-Configuration of an eNB
    2. 17.2 Inter-Cell Interference Coordination
    3. 17.3 Mobility Management
    4. 17.4 Radio Access Network Information Management
    5. 17.5 Drive Test Minimization
    6. References
  25. Chapter 18: Enhancements in Release 9
    1. 18.1 Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service
    2. 18.2 Location Services
    3. 18.3 Other Enhancements in Release 9
    4. References
  26. Chapter 19: LTE-Advanced and Release 10
    1. 19.1 Carrier Aggregation
    2. 19.2 Enhanced Downlink MIMO
    3. 19.3 Enhanced Uplink MIMO
    4. 19.4 Relays
    5. 19.5 Heterogeneous Networks
    6. 19.6 Traffic Offload Techniques
    7. 19.7 Overload Control for Machine-Type Communications
    8. References
  27. Chapter 20: Releases 11 and 12
    1. 20.1 Coordinated Multipoint Transmission and Reception
    2. 20.2 Enhanced Physical Downlink Control Channel
    3. 20.3 Interference Avoidance for in Device Coexistence
    4. 20.4 Machine-Type Communications
    5. 20.5 Mobile Data Applications
    6. 20.6 New Features in Release 12
    7. 20.7 Release 12 Studies
    8. References
  28. Chapter 21: Circuit Switched Fallback
    1. 21.1 Delivery of Voice and Text Messages over LTE
    2. 21.2 System Architecture
    3. 21.3 Attach Procedure
    4. 21.4 Mobility Management
    5. 21.5 Call Setup
    6. 21.6 SMS over SGs
    7. 21.7 Circuit Switched Fallback to cdma2000 1xRTT
    8. 21.8 Performance of Circuit Switched Fallback
    9. References
  29. Chapter 22: VoLTE and the IP Multimedia Subsystem
    1. 22.1 Introduction
    2. 22.2 Hardware Architecture of the IMS
    3. 22.3 Signalling Protocols
    4. 22.4 Service Provision in the IMS
    5. 22.5 VoLTE Registration Procedure
    6. 22.6 Call Setup and Release
    7. 22.7 Access Domain Selection
    8. 22.8 Single Radio Voice Call Continuity
    9. 22.9 IMS Centralized Services
    10. 22.10 IMS Emergency Calls
    11. 22.11 Delivery of SMS Messages over the IMS
    12. References
  30. Chapter 23: Performance of LTE and LTE-Advanced
    1. 23.1 Peak Data Rates of LTE and LTE-Advanced
    2. 23.2 Coverage of an LTE Cell
    3. 23.3 Capacity of an LTE Cell
    4. 23.4 Performance of Voice over IP
    5. References
  31. Bibliography
  32. Index
  33. End User License Agreement