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An Introduction to Composite Materials, Second Edition by T. W. Clyne, D. Hull

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5

Elastic deformation of laminates

In the last chapter, it was shown that an aligned composite is stiff along the fibre axis, but relatively compliant in the transverse directions. Sometimes, this is all that is required. For example, in a slender beam, such as a fishing rod, the loading is often predominantly axial and transverse or shear stiffness are not important. However, there are many applications in which loading is distributed within a plane: these range from panels of various types to cylindrical pressure vessels. Equal stiffness in all directions within a plane can be produced using a planar random assembly of fibres. This is the basis of chopped-strand mat. However, demanding applications require material with higher fibre volume ...

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