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An Introduction to Composite Materials, Second Edition by T. W. Clyne, D. Hull

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3

Fibre architecture

Many composite properties are strongly dependent on the arrangement and distribution of fibres: the fibre architecture. This expression encompasses intrinsic features of the fibres, such as their diameter and length, as well as the volume fraction of fibres and their alignment and packing arrangement. In this chapter, geometrical aspects of fibre architecture are described for both continuous- and short-fibre materials. The starting point is a description of fibre arrangements in laminae (sheets containing aligned long fibres) and the laminates that are built up from these. Other forms of continuous fibre systems, such as woven, knitted and braided materials, are then briefly considered. Arrangements in short-fibre systems ...

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