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All-Digital Frequency Synthesizer in Deep-Submicron CMOS by Poras T. Balsara, Robert B. Staszewski

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APPENDIX B

GAUSSIAN PULSE-SHAPING FILTER

The Gaussian low-pass filter has a transfer function given by

image

The parameter α is related to B, the 3-dB bandwidth of the baseband Gaussian shaping filter. It is commonly expressed in terms of a normalized 3-dB bandwidth-symbol time product (BTs):

image

As α increases, the spectral occupancy of the Gaussian filter decreases and the impulse response spreads over adjacent symbols, leading to increased ISI at the receiver. The impulse response of the Gaussian filter in the continuous-time domain is given by

image

which could easily be rearranged (Eq. B.4) to reveal its fit with the canonical form of a zero-mean Gaussian random variable with standard deviation σh = α/√2π

image

Its integral from −∞ to ∞ is, of course, 1.

Let us now express the Gaussian filter in the discrete-time domain. Let t0 = Ts/OSR be an integer oversample of the symbol duration and t = kt0, k being the sample index. The discrete-time impulse response becomes

image

Substituting Eq. B.2 and dropping explicit ...

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