Copyright by Dmitry Babenko, Haralambos Marmanis

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Appendix C. Mathematical refresher

Throughout this book, we assumed little about the mathematical background of our audience. This appendix presents some of the mathematical formulas that we used in our algorithms, but never wrote explicitly in their standard form. The classic book that combines a solid mathematical description together with numerical algorithms is Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing by William H. Pres et al. That book is a must-have reference for a large number of topics related to the development of intelligent algorithms.

Vectors and matrices

In the context of elementary mathematics and physics, a vector is the mathematical representation of an arrow. The most common and intuitive example is an arrow that connects ...

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