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Aircraft Performance and Sizing, Volume I

Book Description

This book is a concise, practical treatise for the student or experienced professional aircraft designer. This first volume comprises key fundamental subjects for aerodynamic performance analysis: the basics of flight mechanics bridging both engineering and piloting perspectives, propulsion system performance attributes, practical drag prediction methods, aircraft “up and away” flight performance, and aircraft mission performance. This book may serve as a textbook for an undergraduate aircraft performance course or as a reference for the classically trained practicing engineer.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title Page
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Contents
  6. LIST OF FIGURES
  7. LIST OF TABLES
  8. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  9. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
    1. 1.1 Defining a Clean-Sheet Design
    2. 1.2 Aircraft Purpose—The Explicit Requirements
    3. 1.3 Certification—The Implied Requirements
  10. CHAPTER 2 FLIGHT MECHANICS BASICS
    1. 2.1 Reference Units
    2. 2.2 Coordinate Frames
    3. 2.3 Standard Atmosphere
    4. 2.4 How Pilots Actually Fly Airplanes
  11. CHAPTER 3 PROPULSION SYSTEM DESIGN DRIVERS AND PERFORMANCE
    1. 3.1 Gas Turbine Fundamentals
    2. 3.2 Calculating Thrust and Fuel Flow
    3. 3.3 Propulsion System Components and Design Drivers
    4. 3.4 Example Engine Performance Data
  12. CHAPTER 4 AERODYNAMIC ANALYSIS FUNDAMENTALS—LIFT AND DRAG
    1. 4.1 Full Configuration Drag Estimation
    2. 4.2 Zero-Lift Drag at Incompressible Speeds
    3. 4.3 Zero-Lift Drag due to Compressibility
    4. 4.4 Drag Due to Lift at Incompressible Speeds
    5. 4.5 Drag Due to Lift Arising from Compressibility
    6. 4.6 “Crud Drag”—The Drag of Real versus Idealized Aerostructures
    7. 4.7 Maximum Lift Coefficient/Buffet Boundary
    8. 4.8 Angle of Attack
    9. 4.9 Take-off, Approach, and Landing Aerodynamics
  13. CHAPTER 5 KINEMATIC “POINT-PERFORMANCE” PRINCIPLES
    1. 5.1 Standard Atmosphere Revisited
    2. 5.2 Computing Stall Speed
    3. 5.3 Minimum and Maximum Permissible Flight Speeds
    4. 5.4 The Energy-Maneuverability SkyMap Plot
    5. 5.5 Inferring Lift and Drag in an E-M Plot
    6. 5.6 Aerodynamic Efficiency (L/D) and Performance Efficiency (M(L/D))
    7. 5.7 Dimensionalizing Drag
    8. 5.8 Propulsive Performance
    9. 5.9 Specific Excess Thrust and Linear Acceleration Capability
    10. 5.10 Specific Excess Power, Rate of Climb (R.O.C.), and Ceiling
    11. 5.11 Specific Range
    12. 5.12 Loiter
    13. 5.13 Induced Drag Fraction of Total Drag for Level Flight Limited by Aerodynamics and Propulsion
    14. 5.14 Maximum Load Factor, Instantaneous Turn Rate and Stall Speed Ratio
    15. 5.15 Combat Agility—Maximum Sustained Turn Rate
  14. CHAPTER 6 MISSION PERFORMANCE PRINCIPLES
    1. 6.1 Breguet Range Equation
    2. 6.2 Time-Step Integrating Simulations
    3. 6.3 Creating Missions Using a Mission Simulation Code
    4. 6.4 Observations Examining the Output of a Mission Simulation Code
    5. 6.5 Creating Trade Studies Using a Mission Simulation Code
    6. 6.6 Creating Payload/Range Charts Using a Mission Simulation Code
  15. INDEX