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Affective Computing and Interaction

Book Description

Since interactions may occur between animals, humans, or computational agents, an interdisciplinary approach which investigates foundations of affective communication in a variety of platforms is indispensable. In the field of affective computing, a collection of research, merging decades of research on emotions in psychology, cognition and neuroscience will inspire creative future research projects and contribute to the prosperity of this emerging field.Affective Computing and Interaction: Psychological, Cognitive and Neuroscientific Perspectives examines the current state and the future prospects of affect in computing within the context of interactions. Uniting several aspects of affective interactions and topics in affective computing, this reference reviews basic foundations of emotions, furthers an understanding of the contribution of affect to our lives and concludes by revealing current trends and promising technologies for reducing the emotional gap between humans and machines, all within the context of interactions.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Foreword
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Section 1: Foundations
    1. Chapter 1: Neurophysiology of Emotions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PHYSICAL SENSATION AND AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
      4. EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION AND THE LIMBIC SYSTEM
      5. SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTIONS
      6. LATERALIZATION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 2: Functions of Unconscious and Conscious Emotion in the Regulation of Implicit and Explicit Motivated Behavior
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION TO THE BIOPSYCHOLOGY OF MOTIVATION
      3. CATEGORIZATION OF MOTIVATION
      4. DUAL PROCESS THEORIES
      5. THEORIES ON INFORMATIONAL ASPECTS OF EMOTION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. APPENDIX: INCENTIVE MOTIVATION NETWORK
    3. Chapter 3: Emotional Axes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS OF AFFECT
      4. NERVOUS SYSTEM RESPONSES TO AFFECTIVE STIMULI
      5. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 2: Emotional Frameworks and Models
    1. Chapter 4: Evolution of Affect and Communication
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SIMPLE AFFECTIVE CONTROL
      5. BIOLOGICALLY PLAUSIBLE AFFECTIVE AGENTS
      6. EVIDENCE FOR THE UTILITY OF SIMPLE AFFECTIVE CONTROL
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 5: A Computational Basis for the Emotions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISCUSSION
    3. Chapter 6: For a ‘Cognitive Anatomy’ of Human Emotions and a Mind-Reading Based Affective Interaction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EXPECTATIONS AND RELATED EMOTIONS
      4. THE QUANTITATIVE ASPECTS OF MENTAL ATTITUDES
      5. THE IMPLICIT COUNTERPART OF EXPECTATIONS
      6. APPRAISAL AND THE COGNITIVE STRUCTURE OF COMPLEX EMOTIONS
      7. THE GESTALT NATURE OF COMPLEX MENTAL STATES
      8. RI-EMBODYING EMOTIONS
      9. EMOTIONS IN HUMAN MACHINE INTERACTION
      10. CONCLUDING REMARKS (FOR HUMAN-AGENT INTERACTION)
      11. APPENDIX
  9. Section 3: Affect in Non-Verbal Communication
    1. Chapter 7: Towards a Technology of Nonverbal Communication
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PSYCHOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY OF NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
      4. PSYCHOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY OF FACE-TO-FACE INTERACTIONS
      5. A METHODOLOGICAL EXAMPLE: EMOTION RECOGNITION IN SPEECH
      6. CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
    2. Chapter 8: Communication and Automatic Interpretation of Affect from Facial Expressions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CATEGORIZATION OF FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
      4. INTERPRETATION OF AFFECT FROM FACIAL CUES IN HUMANS
      5. A STARTER’S KIT FOR COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
      6. APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 9: Facial Expression Synthesis and Animation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FACIAL EXPRESSION SYNTHESIS, ANIMATION AND APPLICATIONS
      4. RELATED PROJECTS AND SOFTWARES
      5. DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSIONS
  10. Section 4: Affect in Language-Based Communication
    1. Chapter 10: The Role of Affect and Emotion in Language Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL FRAMEWORK OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
      4. PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION
      5. EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION IN LANGUAGE
      6. EMOTIONS IN FIRST AND SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING
      7. DELIMITATION OF LANGUAGE, COGNITION AND EMOTION FROM AN EVOLUTIONARY VIEW
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 11: Problems Associated with Computer-Mediated Communication Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience Perspectives
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CMC
      4. THE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE PERSPECTIVE FOR CMC
      5. NEW ASPECTS FOR THE DESIGN OF CMC APPLICATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 12: The Influence of Intimacy and Gender on Emotions in Mobile Phone Email
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH METHOD
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
  11. Section 5: Emotions in Human-Computer Interaction
    1. Chapter 13: A Scientific Look at the Design of Aesthetically and Emotionally Engaging Interactive Entertainment Experiences
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING AND IDENTIFYING EMOTIONS
      4. TECHNIQUES TO ELICIT EMOTIONS
      5. CASE STUDIES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. Appendix
    2. Chapter 14: Bringing Affect to Human Computer Interaction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EMOTIONS
      4. HUMAN-LIKE INTERFACES
      5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 15: Affect-Sensitive Computing and Autism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. COMPLETED RESEARCH ON AFFECT-SENSITIVE COMPUTING AND AUTISM
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 16: Affective Games
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EMOTIONAL ASPECTS OF PLAY
      4. HOW GAMES ELICIT EMOTION
      5. CONCLUSION
  12. Compilation of References
  13. Epilogue
    1. THE NEED FOR AFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION
    2. UNDERSTANDING THE HUMAN BRAIN
    3. THE MISSING LINK: INWARDNESS