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Aerospace Sensors by Alexander Nebylov

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Chapter 6

GYROSCOPIC DEVICES AND SENSORS

Vladimir N. Branets (assisted by Y.A. Bazhanov)

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Russia

Boris E. Landau

Concern CSRI “Elektropribor,” JSC, Russia

Yuri N. Korkishko

Optolink, Russia

David Lynch and

Northrop Grumman Corporation, USA

Vladimir Y. Raspopov

Tula State University, Russia

6.1 INTRODUCTION

6.1.1 Preliminary remarks

The term Gyroscope, or “Gyro,” was suggested by the French scientist Leon Foucault, who in 1852 had experimentally shown the ability of a spinning metal rotor, isolated from geocyclic turning, to maintain the direction of its axis of rotation constant in absolute space.

Depending on the physical principles of their construction, gyros can be divided into two groups: mechanical ...

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