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Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Book Description

The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications.

Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites.

  • Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications
  • Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement
  • Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Preface
  7. Part I: Types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers
    1. Chapter 1: Processing of nanotube-based nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Structure of carbon nanotubes
      4. 1.3 Processing methods for nanotube-based polymer nanocomposites
      5. 1.4 Nanotube alignment
      6. 1.5 Properties and characteristics
      7. 1.6 Future trends
    2. Chapter 2: Environmental life-cycle assessment of polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 The life-cycle assessment (LCA) approach to nanotechnology
      4. 2.3 The environmental LCA of polymer nanocomposites
      5. 2.4 Future trends and alternate approaches for evaluating emerging technologies
      6. 2.5 Conclusions
    3. Chapter 3: Calcium carbonate nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction: applications of calcium carbonate nanoparticles
      3. 3.2 Calcium carbonate as filler material
      4. 3.3 The toughening mechanisms of polymers filled with precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) nanoparticles
      5. 3.4 Conclusions
    4. Chapter 4: Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as functional fillers in polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction: the role of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as reinforcements
      3. 4.2 Preparation of hybrid LDHs for polymer nanocomposites
      4. 4.3 Nanocomposite preparation routes
      5. 4.4 Structure of polymer-LDH nanocomposites
      6. 4.5 Properties
      7. 4.6 Applications and future trends
      8. 4.7 Conclusions
      9. 4.8 Sources of further information and advice
    5. Chapter 5: Cellulose nanoparticles as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Preparation of cellulose nanoparticles
      4. 5.3 Preparation of cellulose nanocomposites from different processes and polymeric matrices
      5. 5.4 Properties and applications of nanocomposites reinforced with cellulose nanoparticles
      6. 5.5 Conclusions and future trends
      7. 5.6 Sources of further information and advice
      8. 5.7 Acknowledgements
    6. Chapter 6: Metal–polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction: the role of nanoparticles as reinforcement
      3. 6.2 Techniques for reinforcement
      4. 6.3 Properties of polymer composites reinforced with metal nanoparticles
      5. 6.4 Alternative applications of metal-polymer nanocomposites
      6. 6.5 Future trends
      7. 6.6 Sources of further information and advice
  8. Part II: Types of polymer nanocomposites according to base
    1. Chapter 7: Polyolefin-based polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Preparation of polymer nanocomposites
      4. 7.3 Different kinds of nanofillers used in the preparation of polymer nanocomposites
      5. 7.4 Characterization of polymer nanocomposites
      6. 7.5 Properties of polymer nanocomposites
      7. 7.6 Application of polyolefin nanocomposites
      8. 7.7 Conclusions and future trends
    2. Chapter 8: Poly(vinyl chloride)(PVC)-based nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)
      4. 8.3 Manufacturing techniques
      5. 8.4 Nanofillers
      6. 8.5 Effects of nanofillers
      7. 8.6 Opportunities and problems
      8. 8.7 Future trends
      9. 8.8 Sources of further information and advice
    3. Chapter 9: Nylon-based polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Types of nanoparticle and their modification
      4. 9.3 Current manufacturing techniques
      5. 9.4 Structures and properties
      6. 9.5 Applications of nylon-based polymers
      7. 9.6 Future trends
      8. 9.7 Acknowledgements
    4. Chapter 10: Clay-containing poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)-based polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction: the importance of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)-based nanocomposites
      3. 10.2 Types of PET-based nanocomposite
      4. 10.3 Preparative methods
      5. 10.4 Structural characterization
      6. 10.5 Properties of nanocomposites
      7. 10.6 Applications of PET-based nanocomposites
      8. 10.7 Future trends
      9. 10.8 Acknowledgements
    5. Chapter 11: Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction: the potential of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) nanocomposites
      3. 11.2 TPU nanocomposites: structure, processing, properties, and performance
      4. 11.3 TPU nanocomposites as potential biomaterials
      5. 11.4 Future trends
    6. Chapter 12: Soft polymer nanocomposites and gels
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Nanocomposite (NC) gels
      4. 12.3 Soft polymer nanocomposites (M-NCs)
      5. 12.4 Applications and future trends
      6. 12.5 Sources of further information and advice
    7. Chapter 13: Biodegradable polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Biodegradable polymers
      4. 13.3 Methods of production of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites
      5. 13.4 Properties of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites
      6. 13.5 Applications of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites
  9. Part III: Applications of polymer nanocomposites
    1. Chapter 14: Polymer nanocomposites in fuel cells
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Using polymer nanocomposites in fuel cells
      4. 14.3 Conclusions and future trends
      5. 14.4 Acknowledgements
    2. Chapter 15: Polymer nanocomposites for aerospace applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Types of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) nanocomposites
      4. 15.3 Sandwich structures using polymer nanocomposites
      5. 15.4 Properties and applications of polymer nanocomposites
      6. 15.5 Future trends: opportunities and challenges
      7. 15.6 Conclusions
      8. 15.7 Acknowledgements
    3. Chapter 16: Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 16.1 Introduction
      3. 16.2 Benefits and advantages of polymer nanocomposites for flame retardancy
      4. 16.3 The role of nanoparticles in improving the flame retardancy of polymers
      5. 16.4 Methods of incorporating nanoparticles as flame-retardant components in polymers
      6. 16.5 Practical examples
      7. 16.6 Future trends
    4. Chapter 17: Polymer nanocomposites for optical applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Important optical properties of polymer nanocomposites
      4. 17.3 Polymer/nanoparticle composites
      5. 17.4 Tailoring optical properties in the near infra-red, visible and ultra-violet ranges
      6. 17.5 Linear and non-linear optical properties of guest-host systems
      7. 17.6 Replication and optical device fabrication
      8. 17.7 Conclusion and future trends
    5. Chapter 18: Polymer nanocomposite coatings
      1. Abstract:
      2. 18.1 Introduction
      3. 18.2 Coating technologies for polymer nanocomposites
      4. 18.3 Key properties of polymer nanocomposite coatings
      5. 18.4 Future trends
      6. 18.5 Acknowledgements
  10. Index