Confinement in 4D gauge theories and models in lower dimensions
The confinement phase as a physical phenomenon. — General ideas on confinement in four dimensions. — The dual Meissner effect: what is it? — The ’t Hooft large-N limit and a “stringy” picture. — Known examples of confining behavior in lower dimensions.
37 Confinement in non-Abelian gauge theories: dual Meissner effect
The most salient feature of pure Yang–Mills theory is linear confinement. If one takes a heavy probe quark and antiquark separated by a large distance, the force ...