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Advanced Technologies In Biodiesel by Yun Hin Taufiq-Yap, Aminul Islam

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CHAPTER 2

Reactor and Refining Technologies for Biodiesel Production

Three general types of reactors are used for biodiesel production: batch reactors, semi-continuous-flow reactors, and continuous-flow reactors. The batch process is inexpensive, requiring much less initial capital and infrastructure investment. It is flexible and allows the user to accommodate variations in feedstock type, composition, and quantity. The major inconvenience of batch process lays on the low productivity, larger variation in product quality, and more intensive labor and energy requirements (Behzadi and Farid 2009; Nabeel Adedapo, Mohiuddin, and Jameel 2011). The semi-continuous process is similar to the batch process except that the producer starts by reacting ...

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