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Advanced Power Plant Materials, Design and Technology

Book Description

Fossil-fuel power plants account for the majority of worldwide power generation. Increasing global energy demands, coupled with issues of ageing and inefficient power plants, have led to new power plant construction programmes. As cheaper fossil fuel resources are exhausted and emissions criteria are tightened, utilities are turning to power plants designed with performance in mind to satisfy requirements for improved capacity, efficiency, and environmental characteristics.

Advanced power plant materials, design and technology provides a comprehensive reference on the state of the art of gas-fired and coal-fired power plants, their major components and performance improvement options. Part one critically reviews advanced power plant designs which target both higher efficiency and flexible operation, including reviews of combined cycle technology and materials performance issues.

Part two reviews major plant components for improved operation, including advanced membrane technology for both hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) separation, as well as flue gas handling technologies for improved emissions control of sulphur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx), mercury, ash and particulates. The section concludes with coverage of high-temperature sensors, and monitoring and control technology that are essential to power plant operation and performance optimisation.

Part three begins with coverage of low-rank coal upgrading and biomass resource utilisation for improved power plant fuel flexibility. Routes to improve the environmental impact are also reviewed, with chapters detailing the integration of underground coal gasification and the application of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage. Finally, improved generation performance is reviewed with coverage of syngas and hydrogen (H2) production from fossil-fuel feedstocks.

With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced power plant materials, design and technology is a standard reference for all power plant engineers and operators, as well as to academics and researchers in this field.

  • Provides a comprehensive reference on the state-of-the-art gas-fired and coal-fired power plants, their major components and performance improvement options
  • Examines major plant components for improved operation as well as flue gas handling technologies for improved emissions control
  • Routes to improve environmental impact are discussed with chapters detailing the integration of underground coal gasification

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  7. Preface
  8. Part I: Advanced power plant materials and designs
    1. Chapter 1: Advanced gas turbine materials, design and technology
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Development of materials and coatings for gas turbines and turbine components
      4. 1.3 Higher temperature efficiency operation
      5. 1.4 Design for hydrogen-rich gases
      6. 1.5 Design to run at variable generation rates
      7. 1.6 Future trends
    2. Chapter 2: Gas-fired combined-cycle power plant design and technology
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Plant design and technology
      4. 2.3 Applicable criteria pollutants control technologies
      5. 2.4 CO2 emissions control technologies
      6. 2.5 Advantages and limitations of gas-fired combined-cycle plants
      7. 2.6 Future trends
    3. Chapter 3: Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant design and technology
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction: types of integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants
      3. 3.2 IGCC plant design and main processes technologies
      4. 3.3 Applicable CO2 capture technologies
      5. 3.4 Applicable emissions control technologies
      6. 3.5 Advantages and limitations of coal IGCC plants
      7. 3.6 Future trends
      8. 3.7 Sources of further information
    4. Chapter 4: Improving thermal cycle efficiency in advanced power plants: water and steam chemistry and materials performance
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Key characteristics of advanced thermal power cycles
      4. 4.3 Volatility, partitioning and solubility
      5. 4.4 Deposits and corrosion in the thermal cycle of a power plant
      6. 4.5 Water and steam chemistry in the thermal cycle with particular emphasis on supercritical and ultra-supercritical plant
      7. 4.6 Challenges for future ultra-supercritical power cycles
      8. 4.7 Acknowledgement
  9. Part II: Gas separation membranes, emissions handling, and instrumentation and control technology for advanced power plants
    1. Chapter 5: Advanced hydrogen (H2) gas separation membrane development for power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Hydrogen membrane materials
      4. 5.3 Membrane system design and performance
      5. 5.4 Hydrogen membrane integration with power plant
      6. 5.5 Hydrogen storage and transportation
      7. 5.6 Future trends
      8. 5.7 Sources of further information and advice
    2. Chapter 6: Advanced carbon dioxide (CO2) gas separation membrane development for power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Performance of membrane system
      4. 6.3 CO2 membrane materials and design
      5. 6.4 Membrane modules
      6. 6.5 Design for power plant integration
      7. 6.6 Cost considerations
      8. 6.7 Sources of further information
    3. Chapter 7: Advanced flue gas cleaning systems for sulfur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and mercury emissions control in power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Flue gas desulfurization (FGD)
      4. 7.3 Selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
      5. 7.4 Selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR)
      6. 7.5 Hybrid SNCR/SCR
      7. 7.6 Activated carbon injection systems
      8. 7.7 Future trends
      9. 7.8 Sources of further information
    4. Chapter 8: Advanced flue gas dedusting systems and filters for ash and particulate emissions control in power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Materials, design, and development for particulate control
      4. 8.3 Electrostatic precipitators (ESPs)
      5. 8.4 Fabric filters
      6. 8.5 Future trends
      7. 8.6 Sources of further information
    5. Chapter 9: Advanced sensors for combustion monitoring in power plants: towards smart high-density sensor networks
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Combustion behavior
      4. 9.3 Sensor considerations
      5. 9.4 Sensor response
      6. 9.5 Vision of smart sensor networks
      7. 9.6 Sensor information processing
      8. 9.7 Conclusions
      9. 9.8 Acknowledgements
    6. Chapter 10: Advanced monitoring and process control technology for coal-fired power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Advanced sensors for on-line monitoring and measurement
      4. 10.3 Advanced control
      5. 10.4 Future trends
  10. Part III: Improving the fuel flexibility, environmental impact
    1. Chapter 11: Low-rank coal properties, upgrading and utilization for improving fuel flexibility of advanced power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Properties of low-rank coal
      4. 11.3 Influence on design and efficiency of boilers
      5. 11.4 Low-rank coal preparation
      6. 11.5 Technologies of low-rank coal upgrading
      7. 11.6 Utilization of low-rank coal in advanced power plants
      8. 11.7 Future trends in coal upgrading
      9. 11.8 Sources of further information
      10. 11.9 Acknowledgement
    2. Chapter 12: Biomass resources, fuel preparation and utilization for improving the fuel flexibility of advanced power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Biomass types and conversion technologies
      4. 12.3 Chemical constituents in biomass fuels
      5. 12.4 Physical preparation of biomass fuels
      6. 12.5 Functional biomass mixes
      7. 12.6 Summary
    3. Chapter 13: Development and integration of underground coal gasification (UCG) for improving the environmental impact of advanced power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Brief history of UCG
      4. 13.3 The UCG process
      5. 13.4 Criteria for siting and geology
      6. 13.5 Drilling technologies and well construction for UCG
      7. 13.6 Integation with power plant
      8. 13.7 Environmental issues and benefits
      9. 13.8 Future trends
      10. 13.9 Conclusion and future trends
      11. 13.10 Sources of further information
      12. 13.11 Glossary
    4. Chapter 14: Development and application of carbon dioxide (CO2) storage for improving the environmental impact of advanced power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Premise: capture and sequestration of CO2 from power plants
      4. 14.3 Fundamentals of subsurface CO2 flow and transport
      5. 14.4 Fundamentals of subsurface CO2 storage
      6. 14.5 Enhanced oil/gas and coalbed methane recovery
      7. 14.6 CO2 storage in deep saline formations
      8. 14.7 Comparison of storage options: oil/gas versus coal versus deep saline
      9. 14.8 General site selection criteria
      10. 14.9 Emissions versus potential subsurface storage capacity
      11. 14.10 Sealing and monitoring to ensure CO2 containment
      12. 14.11 Alternatives to geologic storage
      13. 14.12 Future trends
      14. 14.13 Sources of further information and advice
    5. Chapter 15: Advanced technologies for syngas and hydrogen (H2) production from fossil-fuel feedstocks in power plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Syngas production from gas and light liquids
      4. 15.3 Syngas conversion and purification
      5. 15.4 Syngas and hydrogen from heavy feedstocks
      6. 15.5 Thermal balance of hydrogen production processes
      7. 15.6 Future trends
      8. 15.7 Sources of further information
  11. Index