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Advanced Power Generation Systems

Book Description

Advanced Power Generation Systems examines the full range of advanced multiple output thermodynamic cycles that can enable more sustainable and efficient power production from traditional methods, as well as driving the significant gains available from renewable sources. These advanced cycles can harness the by-products of one power generation effort, such as electricity production, to simultaneously create additional energy outputs, such as heat or refrigeration. Gas turbine-based, and industrial waste heat recovery-based combined, cogeneration, and trigeneration cycles are considered in depth, along with Syngas combustion engines, hybrid SOFC/gas turbine engines, and other thermodynamically efficient and environmentally conscious generation technologies. The uses of solar power, biomass, hydrogen, and fuel cells in advanced power generation are considered, within both hybrid and dedicated systems.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Acknowledgments
  6. Preface
  7. Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Thermodynamic Properties and Basic Concepts
    4. 1.3 Equations of State and Ideal Gas Behavior
    5. 1.4 Laws of Thermodynamics
    6. 1.5 Exergy
    7. 1.6 Balance Equations for Thermodynamic Analysis
    8. 1.7 Efficiency Definitions
    9. 1.8 Concluding Remarks
  8. Chapter 2: Energy, Environment, and Sustainable Development
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Energy Resources Available on Earth
    4. 2.3 Environmental Impact of Power Generation Systems
    5. 2.4 Sustainability Assessment of Power Generation Technologies
    6. 2.5 Concluding Remarks
  9. Chapter 3: Fossil Fuels and Alternatives
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Fuels Classification and Main Properties
    4. 3.3 Fossil Fuels
    5. 3.4 Alternative Fuels
    6. 3.5 Concluding Remarks
  10. Chapter 4: Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Hydrogen
    4. 4.3 Hydrogen Production Methods
    5. 4.4 Fuel Cells
    6. 4.5 Fuel Cell Modeling
    7. 4.6 Optimization of Fuel Cell Systems
    8. 4.7 Integrated Fuel Cell Systems for Power Generation
    9. 4.8 Concluding Remarks
  11. Chapter 5: Conventional Power Generating Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Vapor Power Cycles
    4. 5.3 Gas Power Cycles
    5. 5.4 Combined Cycle Power Plants
    6. 5.5 Hydropower Plants
    7. 5.6 Concluding Remarks
  12. Chapter 6: Nuclear Power Generation
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Nuclear Reactions
    4. 6.3 Nuclear Fuel
    5. 6.4 Nuclear Reactors
    6. 6.5 Nuclear-Based Cogeneration Systems
    7. 6.6 Concluding Remarks
  13. Chapter 7: Renewable-Energy-Based Power Generating Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Solar Power Generation Systems
    4. 7.3 Wind Energy Systems
    5. 7.4 Geothermal Power Generation Systems
    6. 7.5 Biomass Energy Systems
    7. 7.6 Ocean Energy Systems
    8. 7.7 Concluding Remarks
  14. Chapter 8: Integrated Power Generating Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Multistaged Systems
    4. 8.3 Cascaded Systems
    5. 8.4 Combined Systems
    6. 8.5 Hybrid Systems
    7. 8.6 Case Studies
    8. 8.7 Concluding Remarks
  15. Chapter 9: Multigeneration Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 Key Processes and Subsystems for Multigeneration
    4. 9.3 Assessment and Optimization of Multigeneration Systems
    5. 9.4 Case Studies
    6. 9.5 Concluding Remarks
  16. Chapter 10: Novel Power Generating Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Novel Ammonia–Water Power Cycles
    4. 10.3 Solar Thermoelectrical Power Generation
    5. 10.4 Chemical Looping Combustion for Power Generation
    6. 10.5 Linear Engine Power Generators
    7. 10.6 Concluding Remarks
  17. Appendix A: Conversion Factors
  18. Appendix B: Thermophysical Properties
  19. Index