A. Antony and G. Leslie, The University of New South Wales, Australia
This chapter reviews the mechanisms and attendant operating problems associated with degradation of polymeric membranes in water treatment applications. Information is presented on the possible modes of membrane failure and associated operational issues in full scale applications. Specific details of the degradation mechanism for various membrane polymers in different aqueous environments are presented, in addition to information on tools to monitor, detect and prevent membrane degradation.
cleaning in place (CIP)