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Adobe® Photoshop® Lightroom® 3: Streamlining Your Digital Photography Process

Book Description

"I've worked my entire adult life in digital imaging, from managing high-volume production departments to running my own photography and printing businesses. And for many years, I've been teaching photographers how to be self-sufficient when it comes to working with their digital images.

Having used all major image editing software released over the past twenty years, I now choose to use Lightroom because it allows me to work quickly, helps me deal with large numbers of images and lets me get back to enjoying the creative aspects of photography.

From my experience, I know how hard it can be to learn new ways of doing things–especially computer stuff. Unfortunately for a lot of photographers, struggling with digital processing can take the fun out of photography. Trying to figure out the intricacies of file formats, resolution, color management, etc., and even simply where to put all the files can be daunting tasks. Worse yet, sometimes it's hard just to know the right steps to get the best quality from a single photo!

It's my mission to ease your pain; to show you that you really can be in control of your entire imaging process, and help you develop a personalized workflow that fits your style and needs. My students frequently tell me how liberating this is: to comfortably handle all the files coming off the camera and residing on hard disks, to work methodically through a known sequence of steps and to produce finished pictures that you're proud to show other people. This is at the heart of the photographer's experience, and I want you to know this sense of confidence and capability.

I've taught large groups and individual photographers alike. Over the years I've learned where people get stuck. I understand the pitfalls new users face when first starting to use Lightroom as well as the concerns of more experienced users looking for ways to tweak their workflow for better performance. I want to help you overcome these challenges.

My goal for this book is to teach you to effectively use Lightroom 3 as quickly and easily as possible. My writing has been heavily influenced by my experiences working with clients and students, and I've approached the content of this book as I would tutor someone in a one-on-one training session. The order in which concepts are presented and the emphasis I give to certain aspects of the workflow are unique among books of its kind.

We'll start by reviewing some important, basic principles, such as working with Lightroom catalogs, the Lightroom workflow, color management, and an introduction to Lightroom 3's updated tools and screen interface. From there, we jump right in to importing images into Lightroom. This is followed by a step-by-step editing tutorial that will make your work much easier. Then we move on to in-depth explanations of how to perfect each photo for tone, color, contrast, sharpness and much more. After a detailed look at exporting images out of Lightroom, the next three chapters deal with presenting your work to others with prints, Web sites and slideshows. Finally, we'll wrap up with an in-depth look at advanced techniques for integrating Lightroom with other software.

The material presented in this book is appropriate for digital photographers working in all disciplines, at all skill levels. The information and tutorials are applicable to every kind of photography: from weddings and portraits to fine art landscape work, everyone can learn to streamline their digital photography process using Lightroom 3."

Nat Coalson

Conifer, CO

2010

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. About the author
  3. Preface
  4. Acknowledgements
  5. 1. GETTING STARTED
    1. 1.1. Welcome to Lightroom 3
      1. 1.1.1. NEW FEATURE OVERVIEW
    2. 1.2. How to use this book
      1. 1.2.1.
        1. 1.2.1.1. Shortcuts: Mac and Windows
        2. 1.2.1.2. Keyboard variations
    3. 1.3. Getting more help
      1. 1.3.1.
        1. 1.3.1.1. Lightroom Help
        2. 1.3.1.2. Other Web sites
        3. 1.3.1.3. Social media
        4. 1.3.1.4. My training services
        5. 1.3.1.5. Get the book spiral bound
    4. 1.4. Hardware configuration
    5. 1.5. Installing Lightroom for the first time
    6. 1.6. Upgrading Lightroom from a previous version
    7. 1.7. About Lightroom catalogs
      1. 1.7.1.
        1. 1.7.1.1. The default catalog's location on disk
        2. 1.7.1.2. Use Preferences or hold the Option or Alt key when launching Lightroom
        3. 1.7.1.3. Catalog corruption
      2. 1.7.2. USING MULTIPLE CATALOGS
        1. 1.7.2.1. Use meaningful names for catalogs
        2. 1.7.2.2. Find catalogs and eliminate unused ones
        3. 1.7.2.3. Double-click a catalog anywhere in the file system
        4. 1.7.2.4. Move data between catalogs
        5. 1.7.2.5. Always know the name and location of the catalog you're using
      3. 1.7.3. CATALOG SETTINGS
      4. 1.7.4. CATALOG BACKUPS
    8. 1.8. Lightroom previews
    9. 1.9. Maximizing Lightroom performance
      1. 1.9.1.
        1. 1.9.1.1. Avoid force-quitting Lightroom whenever possible
        2. 1.9.1.2. What to do after a crash
    10. 1.10. The Lightroom application window
      1. 1.10.1. SCREEN MODES
      2. 1.10.2. LIGHTS OUT
      3. 1.10.3. THE SECONDARY WINDOW
    11. 1.11. Modules
      1. 1.11.1.
        1. 1.11.1.1. Library
        2. 1.11.1.2. Develop
        3. 1.11.1.3. Slideshow
        4. 1.11.1.4. Print
        5. 1.11.1.5. Web
        6. 1.11.1.6. Switching between modules
    12. 1.12. Main preview area
      1. 1.12.1.
        1. 1.12.1.1. Main preview background options
    13. 1.13. Panels
      1. 1.13.1. Top panel
        1. 1.13.1.1. Identity Plates
        2. 1.13.1.2. Lightroom menu→Identity Plate Setup or Edit...→Identity Plate Setup
        3. 1.13.1.3. The Activity Viewer and Multithreading
        4. 1.13.1.4. Stopping a process
        5. 1.13.1.5. Move on to other tasks
      2. 1.13.2. FILMSTRIP (BOTTOM PANEL)
      3. 1.13.3. Left panels
        1. 1.13.3.1. The Navigator Panel
          1. 1.13.3.1.1. Zoom Ratios
        2. 1.13.3.2. Move around an enlarged preview with the Navigator.
      4. 1.13.4. RIGHT PANELS
        1. 1.13.4.1. Hiding and showing panel groups
        2. 1.13.4.2. Show the panels you use; hide the others
        3. 1.13.4.3. Change panel size
        4. 1.13.4.4. Change the size of Filmstrip thumbnails
        5. 1.13.4.5. Expand and collapse individual panels
        6. 1.13.4.6. Expand All and Collapse All
        7. 1.13.4.7. Keep unused panels closed
      5. 1.13.5. ADD AND REMOVE INDIVIDUAL PANELS
      6. 1.13.6. SOLO MODE
      7. 1.13.7. SCROLLING PANEL TRACKS
      8. 1.13.8. PANEL END MARKS
        1. 1.13.8.1. Add your own panel end marks
    14. 1.14. Panel input controls
      1. 1.14.1.
        1. 1.14.1.1. Triangle buttons
        2. 1.14.1.2. Look closely
        3. 1.14.1.3. Arrow buttons
        4. 1.14.1.4. Sliders
        5. 1.14.1.5. Press Return or Enter after typing
        6. 1.14.1.6. Esc
        7. 1.14.1.7. Option or Alt
        8. 1.14.1.8. Hide-and-seek interface widgets
        9. 1.14.1.9. Panel switches
    15. 1.15. Toolbars
      1. 1.15.1.
        1. 1.15.1.1. Change what shows in the Toolbar
        2. 1.15.1.2. Lightroom Preferences
    16. 1.16. Tooltips
    17. 1.17. Lightroom menus and commands
      1. 1.17.1. COMMANDS AND SHORTCUTS
        1. 1.17.1.1. Many shortcuts are toggles
      2. 1.17.2. CONTEXTUAL MENUS
    18. 1.18. Color management in Lightroom
      1. 1.18.1. COLOR SPACES
        1. 1.18.1.1. Gamut: the range of colors available
      2. 1.18.2. ICC PROFILES
        1. 1.18.2.1. Source and destination
      3. 1.18.3. CALIBRATING AND PROFILING YOUR DISPLAY
    19. 1.19. The Lightroom Workflow
      1. 1.19.1.
        1. 1.19.1.1. Process in Lightroom, not in-camera
      2. 1.19.2. THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ORGANIZED
        1. 1.19.2.1. Original, Master and derivative files
        2. 1.19.2.2. When to export
      3. 1.19.3. THE IMPORTANCE OF DNG
        1. 1.19.3.1. Use dng as your raw format and tif as your layered work format
        2. 1.19.3.2. Don't shoot in JPG
      4. 1.19.4. SAVING YOUR WORK
        1. 1.19.4.1. Back up often!
      5. 1.19.5. LIGHTROOM PREFERENCES
      6. 1.19.6. PRESETS AND TEMPLATES
  6. 2. IMPORT
    1. 2.1. Importing photos into Lightroom
      1. 2.1.1.
        1. 2.1.1.1. Supported image file formats
        2. 2.1.1.2. 65,000 pixel limit
        3. 2.1.1.3. Camera raw file support
        4. 2.1.1.4. What to do before importing
      2. 2.1.2. BASIC IMPORT WORKFLOW
        1. 2.1.2.1. At home versus on the road
        2. 2.1.2.2. About batch processing
      3. 2.1.3. THE NEW IMPORT WINDOW
        1. 2.1.3.1. From and To
        2. 2.1.3.2. File Handling
        3. 2.1.3.3. Really think about what you're doing
        4. 2.1.3.4. Import screen retains settings from previous import
      4. 2.1.4. WHAT HAPPENS DURING THE IMPORT
        1. 2.1.4.1. Folders get added too
        2. 2.1.4.2. Stopping an import in progress
        3. 2.1.4.3. You can start working right away
        4. 2.1.4.4. Completion sounds
      5. 2.1.5. LIGHTROOM PREVIEWS CREATED DURING IMPORT
    2. 2.2. Import photos from your hard disk
      1. 2.2.1.
        1. 2.2.1.1. Do some housekeeping first
        2. 2.2.1.2. Docking folders
        3. 2.2.1.3. When importing existing files from disk, be careful applying metadata
        4. 2.2.1.4. Lightroom respects XMP during import
        5. 2.2.1.5. Drag and drop folders onto Lightroom
    3. 2.3. Import photos from your camera
      1. 2.3.1.
        1. 2.3.1.1. Treat JPG as separate files
        2. 2.3.1.2. Show import dialog when a memory card is detected
        3. 2.3.1.3. Collapsing panels and Solo Mode
        4. 2.3.1.4. Have Lightroom do as much as possible during an import
        5. 2.3.1.5. After Import, save metadata to files
        6. 2.3.1.6. Backup right away
        7. 2.3.1.7. Reformat the card in the camera
        8. 2.3.1.8. Never modify or delete the files on the card using your computer
    4. 2.4. Presets and templates used during import
      1. 2.4.1.
        1. 2.4.1.1. Finding your presets in the computer's file system
      2. 2.4.2. FILE NAMING TEMPLATES
      3. 2.4.3.
        1. 2.4.3.1. Custom Text
      4. 2.4.4. METADATA PRESETS
      5. 2.4.5.
        1. 2.4.5.1. Always include a copyright notice
      6. 2.4.6. DEVELOP PRESETS
      7. 2.4.7.
        1. 2.4.7.1. One preset is not always enough
    5. 2.5. Import presets
    6. 2.6. The Compact Import window
    7. 2.7. More import workflows
      1. 2.7.1.
        1. 2.7.1.1. Copy photos as Digital Negative (DNG) and add to catalog
        2. 2.7.1.2. Move photos and import
        3. 2.7.1.3. Manual copy now, Lightroom import later
        4. 2.7.1.4. Tethered Capture
    8. 2.8. Asset management for digital photographers
      1. 2.8.1.
        1. 2.8.1.1. Single-user environment
        2. 2.8.1.2. Use dedicated disk drives for your image library
        3. 2.8.1.3. Workgroup environment
      2. 2.8.2. NAMING YOUR IMAGE FILES AND ARRANGING THEM IN FOLDERS
        1. 2.8.2.1. Folder structures
        2. 2.8.2.2. Reworking your existing folders
        3. 2.8.2.3. Guidelines for folder and file naming
        4. 2.8.2.4. Example folder and file names
        5. 2.8.2.5. Do what makes sense to you
    9. 2.9. Backups
      1. 2.9.1. BACKING UP LIGHTROOM CATALOGS
        1. 2.9.1.1. Only keep the most recent one or two catalog backups
        2. 2.9.1.2. Drag-and-drop backup
      2. 2.9.2. BACKING UP IMAGE FILES
        1. 2.9.2.1. Backup after import
        2. 2.9.2.2. Syncing drives
        3. 2.9.2.3. Solid state media for backups
  7. 3. LIBRARY
    1. 3.1. Organizing your photos in Library
      1. 3.1.1. SIMPLE EDITING WORKFLOW
        1. 3.1.1.1. Don't use the Previous Import source for editing
        2. 3.1.1.2. First pass
        3. 3.1.1.3. Use the arrow keys to move between images
        4. 3.1.1.4. Save your work frequently
        5. 3.1.1.5. A quick note about camera raw files and XMP sidecars
        6. 3.1.1.6. Second pass
        7. 3.1.1.7. Additional passes
        8. 3.1.1.8. Refrain from immediately deleting photos during editing
        9. 3.1.1.9. After the final pass, add selects to a collection
        10. 3.1.1.10. Repeat
    2. 3.2. Lightroom image sources
      1. 3.2.1.
        1. 3.2.1.1. The Recent Sources menu
      2. 3.2.2. CATALOG PANEL
        1. 3.2.2.1. Additional Sources Sometimes on the Catalog Panel
        2. 3.2.2.2. Keep an eye on what's listed in the Catalog panel
      3. 3.2.3. FOLDERS PANEL SOURCES
        1. 3.2.3.1. Resize panel groups by dragging their edges
        2. 3.2.3.2. Hard Disk Drives and Volumes
      4. 3.2.4. Control+Click or right-click on the Volume Browser header
        1. 3.2.4.1. Offline/online
          1. 3.2.4.1.1. Volumes not listed in the Folder panel
      5. 3.2.5. FOLDERS AND SUBFOLDERS
        1. 3.2.5.1. Don't stay in folders too long
        2. 3.2.5.2. Show Photos in Subfolders
      6. 3.2.6. MANAGING FOLDERS
        1. 3.2.6.1. Adding folders
          1. 3.2.6.1.1. Click + on the Folders panel header then choose Add Folder or Add Subfolder
        2. 3.2.6.2. Changes to folders in Lightroom also are changed on the hard drive
        3. 3.2.6.3. Renaming folders
        4. 3.2.6.4. Removing folders
        5. 3.2.6.5. Finding a folder on your hard drive
        6. 3.2.6.6. Import into This Folder
      7. 3.2.7. MANAGING PHOTOS
        1. 3.2.7.1. Renaming Photos
        2. 3.2.7.2. Rename a Batch of Images During Editing
          1. 3.2.7.2.1. File naming templates
        3. 3.2.7.3. Finding a photo on your hard drive
        4. 3.2.7.4. Finding a photo in the Lightroom Folders list
        5. 3.2.7.5. Removing photos
        6. 3.2.7.6. Be very careful when deleting folders or photos
        7. 3.2.7.7. Some thoughts about deleting photos from the master catalog
      8. 3.2.8. HANDLING MISSING PHOTOS AND FOLDERS
        1. 3.2.8.1. Don't leave broken links hanging around
        2. 3.2.8.2. Finding missing folders
          1. 3.2.8.2.1. Control+Click or right-click on the folder name
        3. 3.2.8.3. Finding missing photos
          1. 3.2.8.3.1. Click the question mark on a thumbnail
        4. 3.2.8.4. Finding one missing file will also find others
        5. 3.2.8.5. Find missing photos
      9. 3.2.9. SYNCHRONIZING FOLDERS
        1. 3.2.9.1. Control+Click or right-click on the folder name
      10. 3.2.10. COLLECTIONS AND FILTERED SOURCES
      11. 3.2.11. KEYWORDS AS SOURCES
        1. 3.2.11.1. For searches on multiple keywords, use the text filter
    3. 3.3. Working in Grid view
      1. 3.3.1.
        1. 3.3.1.1. Panning in the Grid
        2. 3.3.1.2. Page Up and Page Down in Grid
        3. 3.3.1.3. Changing Thumbnail Size
        4. 3.3.1.4. Smaller Thumbnails in Filmstrip
      2. 3.3.2. SORT ORDER
        1. 3.3.2.1. User Order
        2. 3.3.2.2. Click and drag thumbnails to arrange them
        3. 3.3.2.3. Drag using the center of the thumbnail image
        4. 3.3.2.4. Other Sort Orders
      3. 3.3.3. THUMBNAIL BADGES
        1. 3.3.3.1. Badges in the Filmstrip
      4. 3.3.4. GRID VIEW STYLE
      5. 3.3.5. VIEW OPTIONS
    4. 3.4. Selecting and deselecting images
      1. 3.4.1.
        1. 3.4.1.1. Select images using arrow keys
      2. 3.4.2. THE ACTIVE PHOTO
      3. 3.4.3. SELECT ALL
      4. 3.4.4. SELECT NONE
      5. 3.4.5. ADD, SUBTRACT, INTERSECT
        1. 3.4.5.1. Always know what's selected
          1. 3.4.5.1.1. +Click or Ctrl+Click
          2. 3.4.5.1.2. Shift
    5. 3.5. Grouping thumbnails into stacks
      1. 3.5.1.
        1. 3.5.1.1. Filters and stacks
        2. 3.5.1.2. Changing the order of images within the stack
        3. 3.5.1.3. Auto stack by capture time
    6. 3.6. Working in Loupe view
      1. 3.6.1. ZOOMING IN AND OUT OF IMAGES IN LOUPE VIEW
        1. 3.6.1.1. Click-release versus click-hold
        2. 3.6.1.2. Panning the image in Loupe View
        3. 3.6.1.3. Zoom clicked point to center
        4. 3.6.1.4. Page Up, Page Down in Loupe
      2. 3.6.2. SHOWING PHOTO INFO IN LOUPE
    7. 3.7. Comparing two images
      1. 3.7.1.
        1. 3.7.1.1. Link Focus
        2. 3.7.1.2. Changing photos in the Select and Candidate positions
        3. 3.7.1.3. Left and Right Arrow Keys
    8. 3.8. Comparing multiple images
      1. 3.8.1.
        1. 3.8.1.1. Toolbar or Not Toolbar?
    9. 3.9. Rotating and flipping photos
      1. 3.9.1. ROTATING PHOTOS
      2. 3.9.2.
        1. 3.9.2.1. Select all photos of a specific orientation
      3. 3.9.3. FLIPPING PHOTOS
    10. 3.10. The Secondary Display window
      1. 3.10.1.
        1. 3.10.1.1. Live Loupe
        2. 3.10.1.2. Locked
    11. 3.11. Metadata
      1. 3.11.1.
        1. 3.11.1.1. Metadata for video files
      2. 3.11.2. THE METADATA PANEL
        1. 3.11.2.1. Metadata panel actions
        2. 3.11.2.2. Title and Caption
        3. 3.11.2.3. EXIF
        4. 3.11.2.4. Editing a photo's capture time
        5. 3.11.2.5. Assigning your name to the Artist field
        6. 3.11.2.6. Apply and jump to next photo
        7. 3.11.2.7. GPS and Altitude
        8. 3.11.2.8. Jump to Google Maps
        9. 3.11.2.9. Audio Files
        10. 3.11.2.10. IPTC
        11. 3.11.2.11. IPTC Extension
        12. 3.11.2.12. Add copyright metadata to every image
      3. 3.11.3. METADATA PRESETS
        1. 3.11.3.1. Setting up standardized metadata presets
        2. 3.11.3.2. Blank fields in a metadata template
      4. 3.11.4. SYNC METADATA
      5. 3.11.5. METADATA STATUS
        1. 3.11.5.1. Show unsaved metadata
        2. 3.11.5.2. What's the correct version?
        3. 3.11.5.3. Saving Metadata to Files
        4. 3.11.5.4. Don't use Automatic Save
        5. 3.11.5.5. XMP sidecars are now listed on Metadata panel
        6. 3.11.5.6. Reading Metadata from Files
        7. 3.11.5.7. Confirm your decision
    12. 3.12. Keywords
      1. 3.12.1. KEYWORDING STRATEGIES
        1. 3.12.1.1. Apply keywords to as many photos as possible at one time
      2. 3.12.2. KEYWORDING PANEL
        1. 3.12.2.1. Add Keywords
        2. 3.12.2.2. Return/Enter or Esc
        3. 3.12.2.3. Keyword Suggestions
        4. 3.12.2.4. Keyword Sets
        5. 3.12.2.5. Set Keyword
        6. 3.12.2.6. Press Option or Alt
      3. 3.12.3. KEYWORD LIST PANEL
        1. 3.12.3.1. Creating and editing keywords
        2. 3.12.3.2. Renaming keywords
        3. 3.12.3.3. Deleting keywords
        4. 3.12.3.4. Purging unused keywords
        5. 3.12.3.5. Finding keywords in the list
        6. 3.12.3.6. Keyword hierarchies
        7. 3.12.3.7. Entering hierarchies during Import
        8. 3.12.3.8. Managing your Keyword List
        9. 3.12.3.9. Import/Export Keywords
          1. 3.12.3.9.1. Metadata→Import Keywords...
          2. 3.12.3.9.2. Metadata→Export Keywords...
        10. 3.12.3.10. Using keywords to refine image sources
        11. 3.12.3.11. Don't use keywords as you would a collection
    13. 3.13. Attributes
      1. 3.13.1. RATINGS (STARS)
      2. 3.13.2. COLOR LABELS
        1. 3.13.2.1. Color label sets
        2. 3.13.2.2. Custom label names
        3. 3.13.2.3. Photo→Auto Advance
        4. 3.13.2.4. Disappearing thumbnails
      3. 3.13.3. FLAGS
        1. 3.13.3.1. Pick flag status is not written to xmp metadata
        2. 3.13.3.2. Marking Rejected Photos
        3. 3.13.3.3. Keeping only your picks with Refine Photos
    14. 3.14. Library filters
      1. 3.14.1.
        1. 3.14.1.1. Showing the whole Filter Bar
      2. 3.14.2. TEXT FILTER
        1. 3.14.2.1. Special search characters
      3. 3.14.3. ATTRIBUTE FILTER
        1. 3.14.3.1. Tooltips
      4. 3.14.4. METADATA FILTER
        1. 3.14.4.1. Selecting multiple values
      5. 3.14.5. COMBINE MULTIPLE FILTER TYPES
      6. 3.14.6. NONE
        1. 3.14.6.1. Filter controls on the Filmstrip
        2. 3.14.6.2. The filter switch
        3. 3.14.6.3. Don't modify filters just to disable them
      7. 3.14.7. SAVING FILTER PRESETS
    15. 3.15. Lightroom Collections
      1. 3.15.1. QUICK COLLECTION
      2. 3.15.2. COLLECTIONS
        1. 3.15.2.1. Make a new collection and add photos to it
        2. 3.15.2.2. Multiple instances of a single photo
        3. 3.15.2.3. Name the vc and find the original
        4. 3.15.2.4. Removing photos from a collection
        5. 3.15.2.5. Moving and copying photos between collections
        6. 3.15.2.6. Control+Click or right-click on a collection
        7. 3.15.2.7. Control+Click or right-click on a thumbnail, choose Go to Collection
        8. 3.15.2.8. Collections badge
        9. 3.15.2.9. Set as Target Collection
      3. 3.15.3. SMART COLLECTIONS
        1. 3.15.3.1. Make a new smart collection
        2. 3.15.3.2. Option or Alt
        3. 3.15.3.3. Import and Export Smart Collections
      4. 3.15.4. COLLECTION SETS
        1. 3.15.4.1. DELETING COLLECTIONS, SMART COLLECTIONS AND SETS
    16. 3.16. Processing photos in Library
      1. 3.16.1. HISTOGRAM
      2. 3.16.2. QUICK DEVELOP
        1. 3.16.2.1. The Preset menu on the Quick Develop Panel
        2. 3.16.2.2. Show all the Quick Develop settings
        3. 3.16.2.3. Press Option or Alt
        4. 3.16.2.4. Crop presets in Quick Develop
      3. 3.16.3. Reset All
        1. 3.16.3.1. Convert photos to black and white
      4. 3.16.4. SYNC SETTINGS
      5. 3.16.5. COPY/PASTE SETTINGS
      6. 3.16.6. MAKING FAST METADATA CHANGES WITH THE PAINTER
        1. 3.16.6.1. Paint Target Collection
    17. 3.17. Converting raw files to DNG in Library
    18. 3.18. Publish Services and Comments
    19. 3.19. Backing up and optimizing your catalog
  8. 4. DEVELOP
    1. 4.1. Perfecting your photos in Develop
      1. 4.1.1. DEVELOP MODULE PANELS
      2. 4.1.2. TYPICAL DEVELOP WORKFLOW
        1. 4.1.2.1. Process as far as you can in Lightroom
        2. 4.1.2.2. About composite images
      3. 4.1.3. MAKE A PLAN FOR PROCESSING
        1. 4.1.3.1. Learn to differentiate between technical and aesthetic characteristics
        2. 4.1.3.2. Think about post-processing while you are shooting
      4. 4.1.4. MAINTAINING MAXIMUM QUALITY
        1. 4.1.4.1. The order of tasks
        2. 4.1.4.2. If it doesn't improve the image, turn it off
        3. 4.1.4.3. Don't make an adjustment that counteracts another
        4. 4.1.4.4. Undo/Redo
        5. 4.1.4.5. Don't use undo/redo like before/after
        6. 4.1.4.6. Global rendering settings
      5. 4.1.5. ADOBE DEFAULT
        1. 4.1.5.1. Make your own default
      6. 4.1.6. PROCESS VERSION
      7. 4.1.7. CAMERA PROFILES
        1. 4.1.7.1. Some images benefit from different profiles
        2. 4.1.7.2. Installing/uninstalling camera profiles
        3. 4.1.7.3. Make your own camera profiles
        4. 4.1.7.4. Camera calibration sliders
      8. 4.1.8. AUTO SETTINGS
        1. 4.1.8.1. Preferences→Presets→Apply Auto-Tone Adjustments
    2. 4.2. Crop and straighten
      1. 4.2.1.
        1. 4.2.1.1. Crop in-camera
        2. 4.2.1.2. Apply Crop Presets in Library Quick Develop
      2. 4.2.2. CROP OVERLAY TOOL
        1. 4.2.2.1. Try Lights Out when cropping
      3. 4.2.3. ASPECT RATIOS
        1. 4.2.3.1. Use standard aspect ratios when possible
      4. 4.3.4. ROTATING AND STRAIGHTENING
        1. 4.3.4.1. Use overlays to assist with rotation
      5. 4.3.5. GRID OVERLAYS
        1. 4.3.5.1. Changing orientation
        2. 4.3.5.2. The crop frame tool
        3. 4.3.5.3. Constrain to warp
      6. 4.3.6. RESETTING THE CROP
    3. 4.4. White balance
      1. 4.4.1. WHITE BALANCE PRESETS
        1. 4.4.1.1. Lightroom vs. camera settings
      2. 4.4.2. THE WHITE BALANCE EYEDROPPER
        1. 4.4.2.1. White balance options on the Toolbar
        2. 4.4.2.2. Sometimes tone should be adjusted before white balance
    4. 4.5. Tone adjustments
      1. 4.5.1. HISTOGRAM
        1. 4.5.1.1. Click and drag in the Histogram
        2. 4.5.1.2. Clipping
        3. 4.5.1.3. Keep checking for clipping and noise throughout processing
      2. 4.5.2. OPTIMIZING TONAL VALUES
        1. 4.5.2.1. Step 1. Set Exposure and Blacks (see Figure 4-35)
        2. 4.5.2.2. Hold Option or Alt while dragging Exposure and Blacks sliders
        3. 4.5.2.3. The most important step in successfully processing your photos
          1. 4.5.2.3.1. Step 2. Set midtones using Brightness
        4. 4.5.2.4. Fixing Over- and Under-Exposure
        5. 4.5.2.5. Handling highlight and shadow detail
        6. 4.5.2.6. Don't overdo Recovery or Fill Light
          1. 4.5.2.6.1. Step 3. Adjust Contrast
          2. 4.5.2.6.2. Step 4. Clarity
        7. 4.5.2.7. Keep working the Basic adjustments
      3. 4.5.3. TONE CURVE
        1. 4.5.3.1. Parametric Curve
        2. 4.5.3.2. Double-click to reset sliders
        3. 4.5.3.3. More about point curves
        4. 4.5.3.4. Soft contrast
      4. 4.5.4. TARGETED ADJUSTMENT TOOL
    5. 4.6. Color adjustments
      1. 4.6.1. GLOBAL ADJUSTMENTS TO SATURATION AND VIBRANCE
        1. 4.6.1.1. Saturation
        2. 4.6.1.2. Vibrance
        3. 4.6.1.3. Vibrance and Saturation are disabled for photos using black and white treatment.
        4. 4.6.1.4. SELECTIVE COLOR ADJUSTMENTS
        5. 4.6.1.5. Use targeted adjustments in HSL
        6. 4.6.1.6. Simulating a polarizing filter
        7. 4.6.1.7. Watch for noise
        8. 4.6.1.8. Hiding and showing panel adjustments
        9. 4.6.1.9. The Detail panel
        10. 4.6.1.10. Detail previews
        11. 4.6.1.11. Zoom in and out when processing for small details
      2. 4.6.2. NOISE REDUCTION
      3. 4.6.3. SHARPENING
        1. 4.6.3.1. The sharpening workflow
        2. 4.6.3.2. Apply capture sharpening in the Detail panel
        3. 4.6.3.3. When to turn off Lightroom's sharpening altogether
        4. 4.6.3.4. "Fake focus"
        5. 4.6.3.5. Smoothing
    6. 4.7. Lens Corrections
      1. 4.7.1. PROFILE MODE
      2. 4.7.2. MANUAL MODE
        1. 4.7.2.1. Transform
        2. 4.7.2.2. Lens Vignetting
        3. 4.7.2.3. Chromatic Aberration
        4. 4.7.2.4. Option or Alt while dragging the ca sliders
        5. 4.7.2.5. Defringe
        6. 4.7.2.6. Examples of Lens Corrections panel
    7. 4.8. Local adjustments
      1. 4.8.1. GRADUATED FILTER
        1. 4.8.1.1. Apply a graduated filter
        2. 4.8.1.2. Modify an existing graduated filter
        3. 4.8.1.3. You can't erase from graduated filters
        4. 4.8.1.4. Deleting a graduated filter
      2. 4.8.2. GRADUATED FILTER AND ADJUSTMENT BRUSH CONTROLS
        1. 4.8.2.1. The color picker
        2. 4.8.2.2. Sample a color from anywhere on the screen
      3. 4.8.3. TOOL OVERLAYS
      4. 4.8.4. ADJUSTMENT BRUSHES
        1. 4.8.4.1. Usually leave Auto Mask off
        2. 4.8.4.2. A and B brush settings
        3. 4.8.4.3. Mouse wheel
        4. 4.8.4.4. Applying the local adjustment brushes
        5. 4.8.4.5. Hold Shift while painting
        6. 4.8.4.6. With the brushes active, press Return or Enter
        7. 4.8.4.7. Be economical with the number of brush masks
        8. 4.8.4.8. Erasing from adjustment brush masks
        9. 4.8.4.9. Hiding and showing local adjustments
        10. 4.8.4.10. Deleting an adjustment brush
      5. 4.8.5. RESETTING LOCAL ADJUSTMENTS
      6. 4.8.6. LOCAL ADJUSTMENT PRESETS
        1. 4.8.6.1. Sharpening or smoothing with adjustment brushes
    8. 4.9. The Effects panel
      1. 4.9.1.
        1. 4.9.1.1. Post-Crop Vignette
        2. 4.9.1.2. Grain
    9. 4.10. Spot removal
      1. 4.10.1. HEAL SPOTS AND BLEMISHES
      2. 4.10.2. CLONE TEXTURES AND PATTERNS
        1. 4.10.2.1. Do your retouching late in the workflow
        2. 4.10.2.2. Zoom in
        3. 4.10.2.3. Page Up and Page Down
        4. 4.10.2.4. Space bar
      3. 4.10.3. MODIFYING AN INSTANCE OF THE SPOT REMOVAL TOOL
      4. 4.10.4. AUTO SPOTTING
        1. 4.10.4.1. When to use Photoshop for retouching
      5. 4.10.5. RED EYE CORRECTION
    10. 4.11. Converting a photo to black and white
      1. 4.11.1.
        1. 4.11.1.1. White balance effect on Black and White conversions
    11. 4.12. Creative color processing
      1. 4.12.1. SPLIT TONING
      2. 4.12.2. COLOR TINTING
    12. 4.13. History
    13. 4.14. Snapshots
      1. 4.14.1.
        1. 4.14.1.1. The on/off state of panels is included in Snapshots
        2. 4.14.1.2. Snapshots versus Virtual Copies
    14. 4.15. Creating multiple versions of a photo
      1. 4.15.1.
        1. 4.15.1.1. Deleting originals also deletes vcs
    15. 4.16. Resetting adjustments
      1. 4.16.1.
        1. 4.16.1.1. Hold Shift while clicking Reset
    16. 4.17. Comparing before and after
      1. 4.17.1.
        1. 4.17.1.1. Progressively Developing a photo using Before/After
        2. 4.17.1.2. Come back later
    17. 4.18. Applying settings to multiple photos
      1. 4.18.1.
        1. 4.18.1.1. Select photos from the Filmstrip or collections
      2. 4.18.2. COPY/PASTE
        1. 4.18.2.1. Paste from Previous
      3. 4.18.3. SYNC SETTINGS
        1. 4.18.3.1. Auto Sync
        2. 4.18.3.2. Sync white balance
        3. 4.18.3.3. Copy/paste vs Sync
      4. 4.18.4. MATCH TOTAL EXPOSURES
      5. 4.18.5. DEVELOP PRESETS
        1. 4.18.5.1. Preview presets in Navigator
        2. 4.18.5.2. See the contents of presets
        3. 4.18.5.3. Making your own presets
        4. 4.18.5.4. Give your presets meaningful names
        5. 4.18.5.5. Apply a Develop preset during import
        6. 4.18.5.6. Using presets made by someone else
        7. 4.18.5.7. Modifying and Removing Presets
        8. 4.18.5.8. Save an alias or shortcut to the Lightroom folder on your desktop
      6. 4.18.6. SETTING YOUR OWN DEFAULT
        1. 4.18.6.1. Default settings by camera or by camera and iso
        2. 4.18.6.2. Save your work!
    18. 4.19. Before and after examples
  9. 5. EXPORT
    1. 5.1. Exporting photos from Lightroom
      1. 5.1.1. Export versus other methods
        1. 5.1.1.1. Converting files to DNG
        2. 5.1.1.2. What to do with original JPGS
      2. 5.1.2. ORIGINAL AND DERIVATIVE FILES
        1. 5.1.2.1. Making files on disk from virtual copies
        2. 5.1.2.2. Don't keep what you don't need
        3. 5.1.2.3. Overwriting the original
      3. 5.1.3. PLANNING THE EXPORT
        1. 5.1.3.1. Batch JPG exports
        2. 5.1.3.2. Export options on the contextual popup menu
    2. 5.2. The Export window
      1. 5.2.1.
        1. 5.2.1.1. You can work in the Export dialog box without exporting
        2. 5.2.1.2. Open the Export screen panels
      2. 5.2.2. Export To:
      3. 5.2.3. EXPORT LOCATION
        1. 5.2.3.1. Export To
        2. 5.2.3.2. Recent folders menu
        3. 5.2.3.3. Put in Subfolder
        4. 5.2.3.4. Add to This Catalog
        5. 5.2.3.5. Add to Stack
        6. 5.2.3.6. Existing Files
      4. 5.2.4. FILE NAMING
      5. 5.2.5. FILE SETTINGS
        1. 5.2.5.1. Format
        2. 5.2.5.2. Don't use .PSD
        3. 5.2.5.3. Use 16-bit for the highest quality
        4. 5.2.5.4. Exporting layered originals produces flattened derivatives
        5. 5.2.5.5. Color space
        6. 5.2.5.6. Choosing color space
        7. 5.2.5.7. Using a custom profile
        8. 5.2.5.8. Ask vendors for their profiles
        9. 5.2.5.9. Rendering intent
        10. 5.2.5.10. Maintaining the most possible data
      6. 5.2.6. IMAGE SIZING
        1. 5.2.6.1. Resize at the end of the workflow
        2. 5.2.6.2. Resize to Fit
        3. 5.2.6.3. Don't Enlarge
        4. 5.2.6.4. Limit file size
        5. 5.2.6.5. Resolution
      7. 5.2.7. Output Sharpening
        1. 5.2.7.1. When NOT to sharpen
      8. 5.2.8. METADATA
        1. 5.2.8.1. Minimize Embedded Metadata
        2. 5.2.8.2. Write Keywords as Lightroom Hierarchy
      9. 5.2.9. WATERMARKING
        1. 5.2.9.1. Image Options
        2. 5.2.9.2. Text Options
          1. 5.2.9.2.1. Shadow
        3. 5.2.9.3. Watermark Effects
        4. 5.2.9.4. Applying multiple watermarks
      10. 5.2.10. POST-PROCESSING
    3. 5.3. Export presets
      1. 5.3.1.
        1. 5.3.1.1. Updating and deleting presets
        2. 5.3.1.2. Start with a preset
    4. 5.4. Export plug-ins
    5. 5.5. Example export scenarios
      1. 5.5.1.
        1. 5.5.1.1. Junk files clog the system
      2. 5.5.2. BURNING A DVD
      3. 5.5.3. EMAILING PHOTOS
      4. 5.5.4. USING LIGHTROOM FOR FILE COPIES
      5. 5.5.5. EXPORT IMAGES FOR COPYRIGHT SUBMISSION
  10. 6. PRINT
    1. 6.1. Printing photos from Lightroom
      1. 6.1.1.
        1. 6.1.1.1. Making your own prints
        2. 6.1.1.2. Having someone else make your prints
      2. 6.1.2. LIGHTROOM PRINTING WORKFLOW
      3. 6.1.3. SETTING UP THE PRINTER and CHOOSING A PAPER
      4. 6.1.4. COLLECTING PHOTOS FOR THE PRINT JOB
        1. 6.1.4.1. Use virtual copies for printing
        2. 6.1.4.2. Use Quick Develop for Print adjustments
    2. 6.2. The Print module panels
      1. 6.2.1. PAGE SETUP
        1. 6.2.1.1. Borderless printing
        2. 6.2.1.2. If you're framing the print, don't print borderless
      2. 6.2.2. TEMPLATE BROWSER
      3. 6.2.3. LAYOUT STYLE
        1. 6.2.3.1. Single Image/Contact Sheet
        2. 6.2.3.2. Picture Package
        3. 6.2.3.3. Custom Package
    3. 6.3. Single Image/Contact Sheet
      1. 6.3.1.
        1. 6.3.1.1. Image Settings panel
        2. 6.3.1.2. Enable Solo Mode
        3. 6.3.1.3. Layout panel
        4. 6.3.1.4. Guides panel
        5. 6.3.1.5. Page panel
        6. 6.3.1.6. Printing custom borders or graphics on your photos
        7. 6.3.1.7. Multi-page jobs
    4. 6.4. Picture Package
      1. 6.4.1.
        1. 6.4.1.1. Manual layout in Picture Package
        2. 6.4.1.2. Image Settings panel
        3. 6.4.1.3. Rulers, Grid & Guides panel
        4. 6.4.1.4. Cells panel
        5. 6.4.1.5. Page panel
    5. 6.5. Custom Package
      1. 6.5.1.
        1. 6.5.1.1. Save a template
    6. 6.6. The Print Job panel
      1. 6.6.1.
        1. 6.6.1.1. Print To:
        2. 6.6.1.2. Draft Mode Printing
          1. 6.6.1.2.1. Print Resolution
        3. 6.6.1.3. Whenever possible, leave the Print Resolution option unchecked
        4. 6.6.1.4. Print Sharpening
        5. 6.6.1.5. Don't over-sharpen
        6. 6.6.1.6. Color management
        7. 6.6.1.7. Get custom profiles
        8. 6.6.1.8. Soft proofing in Photoshop
        9. 6.6.1.9. Save or update your template
    7. 6.7. Printing the job to your own printer
      1. 6.7.1.
        1. 6.7.1.1. Update your template!
    8. 6.8. Preparing print files to send to a lab
    9. 6.9. Getting the best possible printed output
      1. 6.9.1.
        1. 6.9.1.1. Use good paper
        2. 6.9.1.2. Use good profiles
        3. 6.9.1.3. Adjust derivative photos to match the printer/paper gamut
        4. 6.9.1.4. Print anomalies
        5. 6.9.1.5. Test, test, test
  11. 7. WEB
    1. 7.1. Lightroom Web Galleries
      1. 7.1.1. CHOOSING THE PHOTOS FOR YOUR WEB GALLERY
      2. 7.1.2. SHOWING ALL THE WEB MODULE PANELS AND CONTROLS
      3. 7.1.3. USING THE FILMSTRIP
      4. 7.1.4. SETTING TOOLBAR OPTIONS
        1. 7.1.4.1. Use a small set of photos for setup
      5. 7.1.5. SELECTING A TEMPLATE AND LAYOUT STYLE
        1. 7.1.5.1. Third-party layouts
    2. 7.2. Configuring gallery settings
      1. 7.2.1. SITE INFO PANEL
        1. 7.2.1.1. Edit type in the preview
        2. 7.2.1.2. Identity Plate
        3. 7.2.1.3. Multiple font styles in one identity plate
        4. 7.2.1.4. Provide a link to your Home Page
        5. 7.2.1.5. Color Palette
        6. 7.2.1.6. Hiding page elements
      2. 7.2.2. Previewing the Web gallery
        1. 7.2.2.1. Appearance panel
        2. 7.2.2.2. Image Info panel
        3. 7.2.2.3. Output settings panel
        4. 7.2.2.4. Saving a template
      3. 7.2.3. UPLOADING your Web Gallery TO A SERVER
        1. 7.2.3.1. Upload Settings panel
          1. 7.2.3.1.1. FTP Server
        2. 7.2.3.2. Create multiple subfolders
        3. 7.2.3.3. Always use Web-friendly names for directories
        4. 7.2.3.4. Do a few test runs before sharing the link
        5. 7.2.3.5. Upload the gallery
        6. 7.2.3.6. Update your template
        7. 7.2.3.7. Updating pre-existing Web galleries
      4. 7.2.4. Exporting Web Galleries
        1. 7.2.4.1. About relative hyperlinks
  12. 8. SLIDESHOW
    1. 8.1. Making and presenting slideshows
      1. 8.1.1. ORGANIZE PHOTOS FOR THE SLIDESHOW
        1. 8.1.1.1. Multi-line captions
        2. 8.1.1.2. Slideshow module panels
        3. 8.1.1.3. Check the Toolbar and Filmstrip
        4. 8.1.1.4. Choose a template
      2. 8.1.2. CUSTOMIZE THE SLIDESHOW
        1. 8.1.2.1. Options panel
        2. 8.1.2.2. Layout panel
        3. 8.1.2.3. Overlays panel
        4. 8.1.2.4. Design graphical identity plates in Photoshop
        5. 8.1.2.5. +Option+T (Mac only)
        6. 8.1.2.6. Backdrop panel
        7. 8.1.2.7. Keep backgrounds simple
        8. 8.1.2.8. Titles panel
        9. 8.1.2.9. Design title screens and backgrounds in Photoshop
        10. 8.1.2.10. Playback panel
        11. 8.1.2.11. Save a new template
        12. 8.1.2.12. Update a template
      3. 8.1.3. PREVIEW THE SLIDESHOW
        1. 8.1.3.1. Color spaces and previews
      4. 8.1.4. PRESENTING OR EXPORTING THE SLIDESHOW
        1. 8.1.4.1. Apply attributes while the slideshow plays
        2. 8.1.4.2. Play the slideshow on a second display
        3. 8.1.4.3. Playback problems
  13. 9. ADVANCED TECHNIQUES
    1. 9.1. Welcome to the next level
    2. 9.2. Publish services
      1. 9.2.1. EXAMPLE: PUBLISH TO HARD DRIVE
        1. 9.2.1.1. Publish Service
        2. 9.2.1.2. Export Location
        3. 9.2.1.3. File Naming
        4. 9.2.1.4. File Settings
        5. 9.2.1.5. Image Sizing
        6. 9.2.1.6. Output Sharpening
        7. 9.2.1.7. Metadata
        8. 9.2.1.8. Watermarking
      2. 9.2.2. EXAMPLE: PUBLISH TO FLICKR
        1. 9.2.2.1. Flickr comments
      3. 9.2.3. MORE PUBLISH SERVICE SETTINGS
        1. 9.2.3.1. The + button
        2. 9.2.3.2. Right-click or Ctrl+click
        3. 9.2.3.3. Changing published folders
    3. 9.3. Lightroom integration with other programs
      1. 9.3.1. EXTERNAL EDITORS
        1. 9.3.1.1. External editor preferences
          1. 9.3.1.1.1. File Settings
        2. 9.3.1.2. Don't use PSD
        3. 9.3.1.3. Color consistency
        4. 9.3.1.4. Bit depth
      2. 9.3.2. ROUNDTRIP EDITING WITH PHOTOSHOP
        1. 9.3.2.1. Edit in Photoshop
        2. 9.3.2.2. Opening multiple photos as Photoshop Layers
        3. 9.3.2.3. Open as Photoshop Smart Objects
        4. 9.3.2.4. Differences and similarities to export
    4. 9.4. Export post-processing
      1. 9.4.1.
        1. 9.4.1.1. After Export
        2. 9.4.1.2. How to add your own Export Actions
      2. 9.4.2. EXPORT PLUG-INS
        1. 9.4.2.1. Export plug-in example: SmugMug
    5. 9.5. Using Lightroom with multiple computers
      1. 9.5.1. MOVING PRESETS AND PROFILES BETWEEN MACHINES
    6. 9.6. Working with multiple catalogs
      1. 9.6.1.
        1. 9.6.1.1. Import from catalog on network
        2. 9.6.1.2. About catalog locations and naming
        3. 9.6.1.3. Use meaningful names for catalogs
        4. 9.6.1.4. Use care when renaming existing catalogs
        5. 9.6.1.5. Always know the name and location of the catalog you're using
        6. 9.6.1.6. Setting the Default Catalog
      2. 9.6.2. EXPORT AS CATALOG
        1. 9.6.2.1. Export catalogs to share them
      3. 9.6.3. IMPORT FROM CATALOG
        1. 9.6.3.1. Merging multiple catalogs into one
        2. 9.6.3.2. Duplicate collection names
    7. 9.7. Workflow: On the Road
      1. 9.7.1. STEP-BY-STEP WORKFLOW FOR ROAD TRIPS
        1. 9.7.1.1. Overview of steps
        2. 9.7.1.2. Before the trip
        3. 9.7.1.3. During the trip
        4. 9.7.1.4. Back home after the trip
  14. A. Appendix