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Adobe Photoshop CS6 for Photographers

Book Description

Renowned Photographer and Photoshop hall-of-famer, Martin Evening returns with his comprehensive guide to Photoshop. This acclaimed work covers everything from the core aspects of working in Photoshop to advanced techniques for refined workflows and professional results. Using concise advice, clear instruction and real world examples, this essential guide will give you the skills, regardless of your experience, to create professional quality results. A robust accompanying website features sample images, tutorial videos, bonus chapters and a plethora of extra resources. Quite simply, this is the essential reference for photographers of all levels using Photoshop.

Table of Contents

  1. Front Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. Introduction
    1. What’s different in this book
    2. Accessing the on-line content
  6. 1 Photoshop fundamentals
    1. Photoshop installation
    2. The Photoshop interface
      1. Creating a new document
      2. User interface brightness
      3. Tabbed document windows
      4. Managing document windows
        1. Synchronized scroll and zoom
      5. Image document window details
        1. Title bar proxy icons (Mac only)
        2. Info panel status information
      6. Rulers, Guides & Grid
      7. ‘Snap to’ behavior
      8. Pixel Grid view
      9. The Photoshop panels
        1. Panel arrangements and docking
        2. Panel positions remembered in workspaces
        3. Customizing the menu options
        4. Customizing the keyboard shortcuts
      10. Task-based workspaces
        1. Working with a dual display setup
      11. Adobe™ Configurator 3 application
    3. Photoshop CS6 Tools panel
      1. Options bar
      2. Tool Presets
    4. Selection tools
      1. Color Range
      2. Modifier keys
    5. Painting tools
      1. On-the-fly brush changes
        1. On-screen brush adjustments
      2. Brush panel
        1. Brush panel options
      3. Pressure sensitive control
      4. Brush tool presets
      5. Mixer brush
      6. Bristle tip brush shapes
    6. Tools for filling
    7. Tools for drawing
    8. Image editing tools
    9. Working with Layers
    10. Automating Photoshop
      1. Move tool
      2. Layer selection using the move tool
    11. Navigation and information tools
      1. Zoom tool shortcuts
      2. Hand tool
      3. Bird’s-eye view
      4. Flick panning
      5. Windows 7 Multi-touch support
      6. Eyedropper tool
      7. Ruler tool
      8. Rotate view tool
      9. Notes tool
      10. Screen view modes
    12. Preset Manager
    13. History
      1. The History panel
        1. History settings and memory usage
      2. History brush
      3. Use of history versus undo
      4. Snapshots
      5. Non-linear history
      6. When files won’t open
      7. Save often
      8. Background Saving
        1. Normal saves
        2. Using Save As… to save images
    14. File formats
      1. Photoshop native file format
        1. Smart PSD files
      2. Large Document (PSB) format
      3. TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)
        1. Pixel order
        2. Byte order
        3. Save Image Pyramid
        4. TIFF compression options
        5. Flattened TIFFs
      4. Photoshop PDF
        1. PDF security
    15. Adobe Bridge CS6
      1. The Bridge interface
        1. Custom workspaces in Bridge
      2. Opening files from Bridge
      3. Mini Bridge
      4. What’s new in Camera Raw 7.0
      5. Opening photos from Bridge via Camera Raw
    16. Easter eggs
  7. 2 Configuring Photoshop
    1. What you will need
      1. Macintosh
      2. Windows
    2. The ideal computer setup
      1. Choosing a display
        1. Video cards
      2. Display calibration and profiling
        1. Calibration hardware
      3. The calibration/profiling procedure
        1. White point
        2. Gamma
        3. Luminance
      4. Device calibration and measurement
      5. The profiling process
        1. Do you want good color or just OK color?
      6. Color management settings
        1. Synchronizing the Color Settings
      7. Extras
      8. Backing up your image data
      9. Protecting the power supply
    3. Photoshop preferences
      1. General preferences
      2. Interface preferences
      3. File Handling preferences
        1. Camera Raw preferences
        2. TIFF and PSD options
        3. Recent File list
      4. Performance preferences
        1. Memory usage
        2. 32-bit and 64-bit RAM limits
      5. History & Cache
      6. Scratch disks
      7. Scratch disk performance
        1. Interface connection
        2. Hard drive speed
      8. RAID setups
        1. RAID 0 (striping)
        2. RAID 1 (mirroring)
        3. Internal RAID
        4. External RAID
        5. Graphics Processor settings
      9. Cursors preferences
      10. Transparency & Gamut
        1. Color Picker gamut warning
      11. Units & Rulers
        1. Guides, Grid & Slices
      12. Plug-ins
      13. Type preferences
      14. Ensuring the preferences are saved
  8. 3 Camera Raw image processing
    1. Camera Raw advantages
      1. The new Camera Raw workflow
        1. Does the order matter?
        2. Raw capture
        3. JPEG capture
        4. Editing JPEGs and TIFFs in Camera Raw
        5. Alternative Raw processors
      2. A basic Camera Raw/Photoshop workflow
      3. Camera Raw support
        1. DNG compatibility
    2. Getting raw images into Photoshop
      1. Image ingestion
        1. Importing images via Photo Downloader
        2. Tethered shoot imports
        3. Tethered shooting via Canon EOS Utility
        4. Importing images via other programs
        5. Import Images from Device (Mac only)
    3. Basic Camera Raw image editing
      1. Working with Bridge and Camera Raw
      2. General controls for single file opening
        1. Full size window view
      3. General controls for multiple file opening
      4. Opening raw files as Smart Objects
      5. Saving photos from Camera Raw
      6. The histogram display
      7. Image browsing via Camera Raw
      8. Camera Raw preferences
        1. Default Image Settings
        2. Camera Raw cache
        3. DNG file handling
        4. JPEG and TIFF handling
      9. Camera Raw cropping and straightening
      10. How to straighten and crop
    4. Basic panel controls
      1. White balance
        1. Using the white balance tool
      2. Process Versions
      3. The Process 2012 tone adjustment controls
        1. Exposure
        2. Contrast
        3. Highlights and Shadows
        4. Whites and Blacks
        5. Suggested order for the Basic panel adjustments
      4. Preserving the highlight detail
      5. When to clip the highlights
      6. How to clip the shadows
      7. Shadow levels after a conversion
        1. Digital exposure
        2. How Camera Raw interprets the raw data
      8. Basic panel image adjustment procedure
      9. Auto tone corrections
        1. Camera-specific default settings
      10. Clarity
        1. Negative clarity
      11. Vibrance and Saturation
      12. Tone Curve panel
        1. Point Curve editor mode
        2. RGB Curves
      13. Correcting a high contrast image
      14. HSL/Grayscale panel
        1. Recovering out-of-gamut colors
        2. Adjusting the hue and saturation
      15. Lens Corrections panel
        1. Perspective corrections
        2. Lens Vignetting control
        3. Defringe
        4. Automatic lens corrections
        5. Accessing and creating custom lens profiles
        6. Chromatic aberrations
      16. Effects panel
        1. Post Crop Vignetting control
        2. Post Crop Vignette style options
        3. Highlights slider
        4. Adding Grain effects
      17. Camera Calibration panel
        1. New Camera Raw profiles
        2. Camera look settings profiles
      18. Custom camera profile calibrations
        1. DNG Profile Editor
      19. Spot removal tool
        1. Synchronized spotting with Camera Raw
      20. Red eye removal
    5. Localized adjustments
      1. Adjustment brush
      2. Initial Adjustment brush options
        1. Brush settings
      3. Adding a new brush effect
      4. Editing brush adjustments
        1. Previewing the brush stroke areas
        2. Auto masking
      5. Darkening the shadows
      6. Hand-coloring in Color mode
      7. Graduated filter tool
        1. Color temperature adjustments
      8. Camera Raw settings menu
        1. Export settings to XMP
        2. Update DNG previews
        3. Load Settings… Save Settings…
        4. Camera Raw defaults
      9. Presets panel
        1. Saving and applying presets
        2. Copying and synchronizing settings
      10. Synchronizing different process versions
      11. Legacy presets
      12. Working with Snapshots
    6. DNG file format
      1. The DNG solution
        1. DNG compatibility
      2. Saving images as DNG
        1. Lossy DNG
      3. DNG Converter
  9. 4 Sharpening and noise reduction
    1. When to sharpen
      1. Why one-step sharpening is ineffective
      2. Capture sharpening
        1. Capture sharpening for scanned images
      3. Process versions
      4. Improvements to Camera Raw sharpening
      5. Sample sharpening image
      6. Detail panel
        1. Sharpening defaults
        2. The sharpening effect sliders
        3. Amount slider
        4. Radius slider
        5. The suppression controls
        6. Detail slider
        7. Interpreting the grayscale previews
        8. Radius and Detail grayscale preview
      7. Masking slider
        1. Masking slider example
      8. Some real world sharpening examples
        1. Sharpening portrait images
        2. Sharpening landscape images
        3. Sharpening a fine-detailed image
      9. How to save sharpening settings as presets
      10. Capture sharpening roundup
      11. Selective sharpening in Camera Raw
        1. Negative sharpening
        2. Extending the sharpening limits
        3. How to apply localized sharpening
        4. Negative sharpening to blur an image
      12. Noise removal in Camera Raw
        1. Process Versions and noise reduction
        2. Detail panel Noise Reduction sliders
        3. Color noise
      13. Non-raw image noise reduction
        1. Adding grain to improve appearance of sharpness
        2. Localized noise reduction in Camera Raw
        3. Localized moiré removal in Camera Raw
    2. Localized sharpening in Photoshop
      1. Smart Sharpen filter
        1. Basic Smart Sharpen mode
      2. Advanced Smart Sharpen mode
        1. Removing Motion Blur
      3. Creating a depth of field brush
  10. 5 Image editing essentials
    1. Pixels versus vectors
      1. Photoshop as a vector program
      2. Image resolution terminology
        1. ppi: pixels per inch
        2. lpi: lines per inch
        3. dpi: dots per inch
        4. Desktop printer resolution
        5. Choosing the right pixel resolution for print
      3. The optimum number of pixels
      4. Repro considerations
      5. The relationship between ppi and lpi
        1. But we always use 300 ppi!
      6. Altering the image size
      7. Image interpolation
        1. Nearest Neighbor
        2. Bilinear interpolation
        3. Bicubic interpolation
        4. Bicubic Smoother
        5. Bicubic Sharper
      8. Step interpolation
      9. Bicubic Automatic
    2. Basic pixel editing
      1. The image histogram
      2. Basic Levels editing and the histogram
      3. Bit depth
        1. 8-bit versus 16-bit image editing
        2. 16-bit and color space selection
        3. Comparing 8-bit with 16-bit editing
      4. The RGB edit space and color gamut
      5. Direct image adjustments
        1. Adjustment layers approach
        2. Adjustments panel controls
        3. Properties panel controls
        4. Keeping the focus on the Properties panel
      6. Levels adjustments
        1. Analyzing the histogram
        2. Using Levels to improve the contrast
      7. Curves adjustment layers
        1. On-image Curves editing
      8. Direct Curves dialog
      9. Saving and loading curves
        1. Using Curves in place of Levels
        2. Output levels adjustments
        3. Using Curves to improve contrast
        4. Curves luminance and saturation
        5. Luminosity and Color blending modes
        6. Curve presets
        7. Locking down portions of a curve
        8. Creating a dual contrast curve
      10. Brightness and Contrast
      11. Correcting shadow and highlight detail
        1. Amount
        2. Tonal Width
        3. Radius
        4. Color Correction
        5. Midtone Contrast
      12. Auto image adjustments
      13. Match Color corrections
      14. Enhance Brightness and Contrast
    3. Color corrections
      1. Color Balance adjustments
      2. Basic color balancing with Levels
      3. Color corrections using Curves
      4. Hue/Saturation
      5. Vibrance
      6. Color Lookup adjustments
      7. Photo Filter
      8. Multiple adjustment layers
      9. Adjustment layer masks
      10. Properties panel mask controls
        1. Editing a mask using the masks controls
      11. Blend mode adjustments
    4. Cropping
      1. Current Image cropping
      2. Selection-based cropping
      3. Canvas size
      4. Big data
      5. Perspective crop tool
      6. Content-aware scaling
        1. How to protect skin tones
        2. How to remove objects from a scene
      7. Image rotation
  11. 6 Black and white
    1. Converting color to black and white
      1. The dumb black and white conversions
      2. Smarter black and white conversions
      3. Black & White adjustment presets
      4. Split color toning using Color Balance
      5. Split color toning using Curves adjustments
      6. Split color toning using a Gradient Map
      7. Camera Raw black and white conversions
        1. Pros and cons of the Camera Raw approach
        2. HSL grayscale conversions
        3. Camera Calibration panel tweaks
      8. Camera Raw Split Toning panel
        1. Camera Raw color image split toning
    2. Black and white output
      1. Advanced B&W Photo tips
  12. 7 Extending the dynamic range
    1. High dynamic range imaging
      1. HDR essentials
        1. Fuji Super CCD
        2. Alternative approaches
        3. Bracketed exposures
        4. Displaying deep-bit color
      2. Capturing a complete scenic tonal range
      3. HDR shooting tips
        1. HDR File formats
        2. How to fool Merge to HDR
    2. Basic tonal compression techniques
      1. Blending multiple exposures
      2. Camera Raw adjustments using Process 2012
    3. Merge to HDR Pro
      1. Tone mapping HDR images
        1. Local Adaptation
        2. Removing ghosts
        3. How to avoid the ‘HDR’ look
      2. Smooth Edges option
      3. HDR toning example
      4. How to smooth HDR toned images
  13. 8 Image retouching
    1. Basic cloning methods
      1. Clone stamp tool
        1. Clone stamp brush settings
      2. Healing brush
      3. Choosing an appropriate alignment mode
      4. Clone Source panel and clone overlays
        1. Clone and healing sample options
      5. Better healing edges
      6. Spot healing brush
        1. Healing blend modes
      7. Spot healing in Content-Aware mode
      8. Patch tool
        1. The patch tool and content-aware filling
        2. Adaptation methods
      9. Content-aware move tool
        1. Content-aware move tool in Extend mode
      10. Working with the Clone Source panel
      11. Perspective retouching
      12. Alternative history brush spotting technique
    2. Portrait retouching
    3. Beauty retouching
    4. Liquify
      1. Advanced Liquify tool controls
        1. Reconstructions
        2. Mask options
        3. View options
        4. Saving the mesh
        5. Targeted distortions using Liquify
  14. 9 Layers, selections and masking
    1. Selections and channels
      1. Selections
      2. Quick Mask mode
      3. Creating an image selection
      4. Modifying selections
      5. Alpha channels
      6. Adding to an image selection
      7. Selections, alpha channels and masks
      8. Anti-aliasing
      9. Feathering
    2. Layers
      1. Layer basics
      2. Image layers
      3. Vector layers
      4. Text layers
      5. Adjustment layers
      6. Layers panel controls
        1. Layer styles
      7. Adding layer masks
        1. Viewing in Mask or Rubylith mode
        2. Removing a layer mask
        3. Adding an empty layer mask
        4. Thumbnail preview clipping
      8. Creating a layer mask from Transparency
      9. Properties Panel in Masks mode
      10. Refine Edge command
        1. View modes
        2. Edge detection
        3. Adjust Edge section
        4. Refine Edge output
      11. Working with the quick selection tool
      12. Combining a quick selection with Refine Edge
      13. Ragged borders with the Refine Edge adjustment
      14. Color Range masking
    3. Layer blending modes
      1. Advanced Blending options
        1. Knockout options
        2. Blend Interior effects
      2. Creating panoramas with Photomerge
      3. Depth of field blending
    4. Working with multiple layers
      1. Color coding layers
      2. Layer group management
        1. Nested group layer compatibility
        2. Managing layers in a group
      3. Clipping masks
        1. Ways to create a clipping mask
      4. Masking layers within a group
      5. Clipping layers and adjustment layers
      6. Layer linking
        1. Selecting all layers
      7. Layer selection using the move tool
      8. Layer mask linking
      9. Layer locking
        1. Lock Transparent Pixels
        2. Lock Image Pixels
        3. Lock Layer Position
        4. Lock All
      10. Layer filtering
      11. Layer Comps panel
    5. Transform commands
      1. Repeat Transforms
      2. Interpolation options
      3. Numeric Transforms
      4. Transforming selections and paths
      5. Transforms and alignment
      6. Using transforms to create a kaleidoscope pattern
      7. Warp transforms
      8. Puppet Warp
        1. Pin rotation
        2. Pin depth
        3. Multiple pin selection
        4. Smart Objects
      9. Drag and drop a document to a layer
    6. Smart Objects
    7. Photoshop paths
      1. Pen path modes
      2. Drawing paths with the pen tool
      3. Pen path drawing example
        1. Pen tool shortcuts summary
        2. Rubber Band mode
      4. Vector masks
        1. Isolating an object from the background
  15. 10 Blur, optical and lighting effects filters
    1. Filter essentials
      1. 16-bit filters
      2. Blur filters
        1. Adding a Radial Blur or Spin blur to a photo
        2. Average Blur
        3. Gaussian Blur
        4. Motion Blur
        5. Surface Blur
        6. Box Blur
        7. Shape Blur
        8. Lens Blur
        9. Depth of field effects
      3. Blur Tools filters
        1. Iris Blur
        2. Radius field controls
        3. Blur Tools options
        4. Tilt-Shift blur
        5. Blur ring adjustments
        6. Applying a Field Blur to a composite image
    2. Smart Filters
      1. Applying Smart Filters to pixel layers
      2. Lens Corrections
        1. Custom lens corrections
        2. Selecting the most appropriate profiles
      3. Adobe Lens Profile Creator
        1. Interpolating between lens profiles
        2. Lens Correction profiles and Auto-Align
      4. Adaptive Wide Angle filter
        1. How the Adaptive Wide Angle filter works
        2. Applying constraints
        3. Rotating a constraint
        4. Saving constraints
        5. Calibrating with the Wide Angle Correction filter
        6. Editing panorama images
        7. Lighting effects filter
        8. Properties panel adjustments
      5. Filter Gallery
  16. 11 Image management
    1. The Bridge solution
      1. Configuring the General preferences
      2. Launching Bridge
      3. Rotating the thumbnails and preview
    2. Arranging the Bridge contents
      1. Customizing the panels and content area
      2. Bridge workspace examples
      3. Working with multiple windows
      4. Slideshow mode
      5. Thumbnail settings
      6. Cache management
      7. Advanced and miscellaneous preferences
      8. One-click previews
      9. Deleting files
      10. Stacking images
      11. Auto-stacking
    3. Bridge panels
      1. Folders panel
      2. Favorites panel
      3. Preview panel
      4. Review mode
    4. Managing images in Bridge
      1. Image rating and labeling
      2. Sorting images in Bridge
      3. Filter panel
    5. Metadata panel
      1. Image metadata
      2. File Info metadata
    6. IPTC Extensions
      1. Other types of metadata
      2. Importance of metadata
      3. Edit History log
      4. Hidden metadata
    7. Keywording
    8. Keywords panel
    9. Image searches
    10. Collections panel
      1. Smart Collections
    11. Output from Bridge
      1. Web output
        1. Output gallery styles
        2. Output gallery settings
        3. Output preferences
      2. PDF Output
        1. The PDF Output panels
        2. PDF Output options
      3. Contact Sheet II
      4. Export panel
    12. Bridge automation
      1. Renaming images
        1. Renaming schemes
        2. Undoing a Batch Rename
      2. Applying Camera Raw settings
    13. Mini Bridge
      1. The Mini Bridge interface
        1. View options
        2. Filter and sort menus
      2. Navigation
      3. Searching images
  17. 12 Print output
    1. Print sharpening
      1. Judge the print, not the display
      2. High Pass filter edge sharpening technique
      3. Soft proof before printing
        1. Managing print expectations
    2. Making a print
      1. Photoshop Print dialog
        1. Printer selection
        2. Color Management
        3. Rendering intent selection
        4. Hard Proofing
        5. Proof print or aim print?
        6. Position and Size
        7. Print selected area
      2. Ensuring your prints are centered (Mac)
        1. Printing Marks
        2. Functions
      3. Saving operating system print presets
      4. Print output scripting
      5. Configuring the Print Settings (Mac and PC)
        1. Photoshop managed color on Windows
      6. Custom print profiles
  18. 13 Automating Photoshop
    1. Working with Actions
      1. Playing an action
      2. Recording actions
      3. Troubleshooting actions
      4. Limitations when recording actions
        1. Actions only record changed settings
        2. Background layers and bit depth
        3. Layer naming
        4. Inserting menu items
      5. Batch processing actions
      6. Exporting and importing presets
      7. Creating a droplet
      8. Image Processor
    2. Scripting
      1. Script Event Manager
    3. Automated plug-ins
      1. Crop and Straighten Photos
      2. Fit Image
  19. Index
    1. Rod Wynne-Powell
      1. Mac OS X for Photographers
    2. SOLUTIONS Photographic
      1. Pixel Genius PhotoKit plug-in