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A Real-Time Approach to Process Control, 3rd Edition

Book Description

With resources at a premium, and ecological concerns paramount, the need for clean, efficient and low-cost processes is one of the most critical challenges facing chemical engineers. The ability to control these processes, optimizing one, two or several variables has the potential to make more substantial savings in time, money and resources than any other single factor.

Building on the success of the previous editions, this new third edition of A Real-Time Approach to Process Control employs both real industry practice and process control education without the use of complex or highly mathematical techniques, providing a more practical and applied approach.

Updated throughout, this edition:

  • Includes a brand new chapter on Model predictive Control (MPC)

  • Now includes wireless and web-based technologies

  • Covers bio-related systems

  • Details the new multivariable control measure developed by the authors

  • Includes PowerPoint slides and solutions to Workshop problems on the accompanying website: http://www.wiley.com/go/svrcek-real-time-3e

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright
    4. Author Biographies
    5. Foreword and Endorsements
    6. Preface
    7. Acknowledgements
    8. Chapter 1: A Brief History of Process Control and Process Simulation
      1. 1.1 Process Control
      2. 1.2 Process Simulation
      3. References
    9. Chapter 2: Process Control Hardware Fundamentals
      1. 2.1 Control System Components
      2. 2.2 Primary Elements
      3. 2.3 Final Control Elements
      4. References
    10. Chapter 3: Fundamentals of Single-Input/Single-Output Systems
      1. 3.1 Open Loop Control
      2. 3.2 Disturbances
      3. 3.3 Feedback Control – Overview
      4. 3.4 Feedback Control – A Closer Look
      5. 3.5 Process Attributes – Capacitance and Dead Time
      6. 3.6 Process Dynamic Response
      7. 3.7 Process Modelling and Simulation
      8. References
    11. Chapter 4: Basic Control Modes
      1. 4.1 On–Off Control
      2. 4.2 Proportional (P-Only) Control
      3. 4.3 Integral (I-Only) Control
      4. 4.4 Proportional Plus Integral (PI) Control
      5. 4.5 Derivative Action
      6. 4.6 Proportional Plus Derivative (PD) Controller
      7. 4.7 Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) Control
      8. 4.8 Digital Electronic Controller Forms
      9. 4.9 Choosing the Correct Controller
      10. 4.10 Controller Hardware
      11. References
    12. Chapter 5: Tuning Feedback Controllers
      1. 5.1 Quality of Control and Optimization
      2. 5.2 Tuning Methods
      3. References
    13. Chapter 6: Advanced Topics in Classical Automatic Control
      1. 6.1 Cascade Control
      2. 6.2 Feedforward Control
      3. 6.3 Ratio Control
      4. 6.4 Override Control (Auto Selectors)
      5. 6.5 Split Range Control
      6. References
    14. Chapter 7: Common Control Loops
      1. 7.1 Flow Loops
      2. 7.2 Liquid Pressure Loops
      3. 7.3 Liquid Level Control
      4. 7.4 Gas Pressure Loops
      5. 7.5 Temperature Control Loops
      6. 7.6 Pump Control
      7. 7.7 Compressor Control
      8. 7.8 Boiler Control
      9. References
    15. Chapter 8: Distillation Column Control
      1. 8.1 Basic Terms
      2. 8.2 Steady-State and Dynamic Degrees of Freedom
      3. 8.3 Control System Objectives and Design Considerations
      4. 8.4 Methodology for Selection of a Controller Structure
      5. 8.5 Level, Pressure, Temperature and Composition Control
      6. 8.6 Optimizing Control
      7. 8.7 Distillation Control Scheme Design Using Steady-State Models
      8. 8.8 Distillation Control Scheme Design Using Dynamic Models
      9. References
    16. Chapter 9: Using Steady-State Methods in a Multi-loop Control Scheme
      1. 9.1 Variable Pairing
      2. 9.2 The Relative Gain Array
      3. 9.3 Niederlinski Index [6]
      4. 9.4 Decoupling Control Loops
      5. 9.5 Tuning the Controllers for Multi-loop Systems
      6. 9.6 Practical Examples
      7. 9.7 Summary
      8. References
    17. Chapter 10: Plant-Wide Control
      1. 10.1 Short-Term versus Long-Term Control Focus
      2. 10.2 Cascaded Units
      3. 10.3 Recycle Streams
      4. 10.4 General Considerations for Plant-Wide Control
      5. References
    18. Chapter 11: Advanced Process Control
      1. 11.1 Advanced Process Control
      2. 11.2 Model Predictive Control
      3. 11.3 Dynamic Matrix Control
      4. 11.4 General Considerations for Model Predictive Control Implementation
      5. References
    19. Appendix A: P&ID Symbols
    20. Appendix B: Glossary of Terms
      1. Reference
    21. Appendix C: New Capabilities with Control Technology Hardware and Software
      1. C.1 Foundation Fieldbus for Instrumentation and Control
      2. C.2 Hardware Specifications
      3. C.3 DeltaV Implementation
      4. C.4 Segment Design
      5. C.5 Control Strategy Design
      6. C.6 Macrocycle
      7. C.7 Asset Management
      8. C.8 Wireless Technology for Instrumentation and Control
    22. Workshop 1: Learning through Doing
      1. Course Philosophy: ‘Learning through Doing’
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Course Coverage
      4. Prerequisites
      5. Study Material
      6. Organization
      7. Total Course Objectives
    23. Workshop 2: Feedback Control Loop Concepts
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
    24. Workshop 3: Process Capacity and Dead Time
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
    25. Workshop 4: Feedback Control
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
    26. Workshop 5: Controller Tuning for Capacity and Dead Time Processes
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
    27. Workshop 6: Topics in Advanced Control
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
    28. Workshop 7: Distillation Control
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
      4. Reference
    29. Workshop 8: Plant Operability and Controllability
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Learning Objectives
      3. Tasks
      4. References
    30. Index