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A Practical Guide to Linux® Commands, Editors, and Shell Programming, Third Edition by Mark G. Sobell

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Important Standard Directories and Files

Originally files on a Linux system were not located in standard places within the directory hierarchy. The scattered files made it difficult to document and maintain a Linux system and just about impossible for someone to release a software package that would compile and run on all Linux systems. The first standard for the Linux filesystem, the FSSTND (Linux Filesystem Standard), was released early in 1994. In early 1995 work was started on a broader standard covering many UNIX-like systems: FHS (Linux Filesystem Hierarchy Standard; proton.pathname.com/fhs). More recently FHS has been incorporated in LSB (Linux Standard Base; www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/lsb), a workgroup of FSG (Free ...

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