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A Kinetic View of Statistical Physics by Pavel L.,Krapivsky

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4 Exclusion

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The goal of statistical physics is to study collective behaviors of interacting many-particle systems. In equilibrium statistical physics, the simplest interaction is exclusion – for example, hard spheres that cannot overlap. This model depends on a single dimensionless parameter, the volume fraction; the temperature is irrelevant since the interaction energy is zero when the spheres are non-overlapping and infinite otherwise. Despite its apparent simplicity, the hard-sphere gas is incompletely understood except in one dimension. ...

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