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A Companion to New Media Dynamics

Book Description

A Companion to New Media Dynamics presents a state-of-the-art collection of multidisciplinary readings that examine the origins, evolution, and cultural underpinnings of the media of the digital age in terms of dynamic change

  • Presents a state-of-the-art collection of original readings relating to new media in terms of dynamic change

  • Features interdisciplinary contributions encompassing the sciences, social sciences, humanities and creative arts

  • Addresses a wide range of issues from the ownership and regulation of new media to their form and cultural uses

  • Provides readers with a glimpse of new media dynamics at three levels of scale: the 'macro' or system level; the 'meso' or institutional level; and 'micro' or agency level

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright
    4. Notes on Contributors
    5. Acknowledgments
    6. Introducing Dynamics
      1. What's New…?
      2. …about New Media?
      3. The Dynamics of the Book
    7. Part 1: Approaches and Antecedents
      1. Chapter 1: Media Studies and New Media Studies
        1. History and Geography
        2. Political Aesthetics
        3. The Study of New Media Practice
      2. Chapter 2: The Future of Digital Humanities Is a Matter of Words
        1. Prologue
        2. Projecting the Future
        3. Writing the History
        4. Destinations Evolve
        5. Destination is Resonance
        6. Watchfulness
      3. Chapter 3: Media Dynamics and the Lessons of History: The “Gutenberg Parenthesis” as Restoration Topos
        1. Present and Past: Juxtapositions
        2. Restorations: Media Technology
        3. Restorations: Beyond Technology
      4. Chapter 4: Literature and Culture in the Age of the New Media: Dynamics of Evolution and Change
        1. The Book Culture
        2. The Highbrow Margins
        3. The New Old Media
        4. The Evolutionary Story
        5. Nobrow, Evolist, and Beyond
      5. Chapter 5: The Economics of New Media
        1. What Can Economics Tell Us about New Media?
        2. Information as a Public Good
        3. What does an Information Economy Mean for Economics?
        4. Policy Implications
        5. Concluding Comments
      6. Chapter 6: The End of Audiences?: Theoretical Echoes of Reception Amid the Uncertainties of Use
        1. The Death of the Audience?
        2. A Crossgenerational Dialogue
        3. Conceptual Continuities
        4. The Short History and Long Past of Audiences
        5. Conclusion
      7. Chapter 7: The Emergence of Next-Generation Internet Users
        1. Introduction
        2. Approach
        3. The Emergence of Next-Generation Users
        4. Theoretical Perspectives
        5. Defining the Next-Generation User
        6. Why Does this Matter?
        7. Who are the Next-Generation Users?
        8. Beyond Britain: The World Internet Project
        9. The Future
      8. Chapter 8: National Web Studies: The Case of Iran Online
        1. Introduction: National Web Studies
        2. Blocked yet Blogging: The Special Case of Iran
        3. Defining National Websites, and the Implications for National Web Capture
        4. Demarcating the Iranian Web: Studying the Outputs of Device Cultures
        5. Device Cultures: How Websites are Valued, and Ranked
        6. Analyzing the Characteristics of the Iranian Webs: Language and Responsiveness
        7. The Iranian Web and Its Languages
        8. The Iranian Web and Responsiveness
        9. The Iranian Web and Internet Censorship
        10. The Iranian Web and Freshness
        11. Conclusion: National Web Health Index
        12. Acknowledgments
    8. Part 2: Issues and Identities
      1. Agency
        1. Chapter 9: In the Habitus of the New: Structure, Agency, and the Social Media Habitus
          1. Habitus, Agency, and Structure
          2. Structure and Agency in the Habitus of the New
          3. Affordances and the Habitus
          4. (Authorship and) Disclosure
          5. Listening
          6. Redaction
          7. Digital Literacy as Agency
        2. Chapter 10: Long Live Wikipedia?: Sustainable Volunteerism and the Future of Crowd-Sourced Knowledge
      2. Mobility
        1. Chapter 11: Changing Media with Mobiles
          1. Introduction: The Emergence of Moving Media
          2. The Mobile Phone as a Medium
          3. From Personal to Social Television
          4. The Second Coming of Mobile Internet
          5. Placing Media with Mobiles
          6. Conclusion
        2. Chapter 12: Make Room for the Wii: Game Consoles and the Construction of Space
          1. Locating the Game Console
          2. Limited Spatial Mobilities
          3. Conclusion: Too Many Mobilities to Count?
      3. Enterprise
        1. Chapter 13: Improvers, Entertainers, Shockers, and Makers
        2. Chapter 14: The Dynamics of Digital Multisided Media Markets: How Media Organizations Learn from the IT Industries How to Engage with an Active Audience
          1. Introduction
          2. Two-Sided Media Markets
          3. Digital Technologies Change the Dynamics of Multisided Media Markets
          4. Amateur Developers in the IT Industries
          5. IT Industry Practices for Engaging with an Active Audience
          6. Media Organizations that Learn from the IT Industries
          7. Discussion and Conclusions
      4. Search
        1. Chapter 15: Search and Networked Attention
          1. Paying Attention
          2. Media of Attention
          3. Networked Distraction
          4. The New Gatekeepers
          5. Search Engine Thinking
          6. After Search Engines
        2. Chapter 16: Against Search: Toward A New Computational Logic of Media Accessibility
          1. New Modalities of Access
          2. More Data is Better Data
          3. Conclusion: The Politics of Data
      5. Network
        1. Chapter 17: Evolutionary Dynamics of the Mobile Web
          1. Introduction
          2. Conceptualization: Evolutionary Dynamics of Media
          3. Networks of the Mobile Web and Their Evolution
          4. Conclusion
        2. Chapter 18: Pseudonyms and the Rise of the Real-Name Web
          1. Introduction
          2. A Clash of Ideals
          3. Pseudonyms in History
          4. Functional Motivations
          5. Situational Motivations: Moving to Another Room
          6. Personal Motivations: Putting on a Costume
          7. Why So Many Names?
          8. The Real-Name Web
          9. Life Off the Screen
          10. The Nymwars
          11. Human Flesh Search
          12. Conclusion
          13. Acknowledgments
      6. Surveillance
        1. Chapter 19: New Media and Changing Perceptions of Surveillance
          1. Introduction
          2. Media as a Surveillance Practice
          3. Privacy and Transparency
          4. Conclusion
        2. Chapter 20: Lessons of the Leak: WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, and the Changing Landscape of Media and Politics
          1. Journalism or Terrorism—What actually is WikiLeaks?
          2. The Economy of the Leak
          3. Why Change? Politics Versus the “Transparency Movement”
          4. Transparency, WikiLeaks, and Julian Assange
          5. Acknowledgments
    9. Part 3: Forms, Platforms, and Practices
      1. Culture and Identity
        1. Chapter 21: Cybersexuality and Online Culture
        2. Chapter 22: Microcelebrity and the Branded Self
          1. Introduction: Identity Crisis
          2. Online Identity: Media, Naming, Doing
          3. The Internet as Marketplace; Users as Sellers, Buyers, Goods
          4. The Branded Self Online: The Paradox of Late Capitalism
          5. From Subculture Stars to Microcelebrity Practices
          6. Immaterial Labor and the “Attention” Economy
          7. The Super-public and the Rise of Strange Familiarity
        3. Chapter 23: Online Identity
          1. Introduction
          2. Theories of Identity
          3. Social Media and Online Identity
          4. Identity Construction
          5. Identity and Difference
          6. Context Collapse and Privacy
          7. Authenticity
          8. Conclusion
        4. Chapter 24: Practices of Networked Identity
          1. Introduction
          2. Basic Concepts of Identity
          3. Characteristics of Networked Identity
          4. Practices of Networked Identity
          5. Drawing Boundaries: Self-disclosure and Privacy
          6. Conclusion
      2. Politics, Participation, and Citizenship
        1. Chapter 25: The Internet and the Opening Up of Political Space
          1. Opening Up and Closing Down
          2. The Internet and Democratic Opportunities
          3. Fixing a Broken Relationship
          4. Forms of Digital Citizenship
        2. Chapter 26: The Internet as a Platform for Civil Disobedience
          1. Hegemony and Censorship
          2. The Singapore Context
          3. Alternative Online Media
        3. Chapter 27: Parody, Performativity, and Play: The Reinvigoration of Citizenship through Political Satire
          1. Dynamics of Change in Mediated Citizenship
          2. Performativity and Play
          3. Silly Citizenship within New Media Dynamics
        4. Chapter 28: The Politics of “Platforms”
          1. “Platform”
          2. Users, Advertisers, Clients
          3. Edges
          4. Conclusion
          5. Acknowledgments
        5. Chapter 29: From Homepages to Network Profiles: Balancing Personal and Social Identity
          1. Phase 1: The First Homepages
          2. Phase 2: Attempts at Organizing the Web
          3. Phase 3: Dreamweaver and the Return to Individualism
          4. Phase 4: Blogs and the Shift toward Web 2.0
          5. Phase 5: Social Networking—You Are What You Tweet
          6. Future Developments in the Personal/Social Dynamic
      3. Knowledge and New Generations
        1. Chapter 30: The New Media Toolkit
          1. Introduction: The Age of Connection
          2. Hyperconnectivity
          3. Hyperdistribution
          4. Hyperintelligence
          5. Hyperempowerment
          6. Dissecting Hyperempowerment
          7. Conclusion
        2. Chapter 31: Materiality, Description, and Comparison as Tools for Cultural Difference Analysis
          1. The Circulation of Cultural Waves
          2. Describing the Chinese Internet
          3. The Materiality of Culture
          4. Conclusion
          5. Acknowledgments
        3. Chapter 32: Learning from Network Dysfunctionality: Accidents, Enterprise, and Small Worlds of Infection
          1. Defining Dysfunctionality
          2. Modeling Dysfunctionality
          3. Network Dysfunctionality as Biopolitical Theory
        4. Chapter 33: Young People Online
          1. Introduction
          2. New Media and New Ways of Interacting
          3. Concerns around Children's Online Activities
          4. EU Kids Online II: Design
          5. EU Kids Online: Findings
          6. Conclusions
          7. Chapter 34: Beyond Generations and New Media
            1. Old and New Media Generations
            2. Inventing Digital Natives
            3. From Generations to Networks of Association
            4. Conclusion
    10. Index