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A Broadcast Engineering Tutorial for Non-Engineers, 4th Edition

Book Description

A Broadcast Engineering Tutorial for Non-Engineers is the leading publication on the basics of broadcast technology. Whether you are new to the industry or do not have an engineering background, this book will give you a comprehensive primer of television, radio, and digital media relating to broadcast—it is your guide to understanding the technical world of radio and television broadcast engineering. It covers all the important topics such as DTV, IBOC, HD, standards, video servers, editing, electronic newsrooms, and more.

This long-awaited fourth edition includes new standards and identifies and explains the emerging digital technologies that are revolutionizing the industry, including:

  • HDTV—and "UltraHD"
  • IP-based production and distribution and Internet delivery (including "over-the-top" TV)
  • Connected/Smart TV, Mobile TV Second Screens and Social TV
  • "Hybrid" broadcasting (over-the-air and online convergence)
  • Podcasting and Mobile Apps
  • Connected Cars

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Preface
  7. 1 Introduction
  8. Broadcasting Basics
    1. 2 Types of Broadcasting
      1. Analog Radio
      2. Digital Radio
      3. Satellite Radio
      4. Analog Television
      5. Digital Television
      6. Mobile Digital Television
      7. Cable Television
      8. Satellite Television
      9. Telco Television
      10. IPTV
      11. Internet Radio and Television
      12. Stations, Groups, and Networks
    2. 3 Sound and Vision
      1. Sound, Audio, and Hearing
      2. Light, Video, and Vision
      3. Baseband
    3. 4 Analog Color Television
      1. NTSC
      2. PAL and SECAM
      3. HD Analog Video
    4. 5 Digital Audio and Video
      1. Digital Audio
      2. SD and HD Digital Video
      3. Audio and Video Data Compression
    5. 6 Information Technology
      1. Binary
      2. Computers
      3. Storage
      4. Computer Networks
    6. 7 Radio Frequency Waves
      1. Electromagnetic Waves
      2. Frequencies, Bands, and Channels
      3. RF Over Wires and Cables
      4. Modulation
  9. Studios, Production, and Playout Facilities
    1. 8 Radio Studios
      1. Types of Studios
      2. Studio Operations
      3. System Considerations
      4. Audio Mixing Consoles
      5. Microphones
      6. Loudspeakers and Headphones
      7. CD Players
      8. Hard Disk Recorders and Audio Workstations
      9. Radio Program Automation
      10. Digital Record/Playback Devices
      11. Analog Devices
      12. Telephone Hybrids
      13. Remote Sources
      14. Audio Delay Units
      15. Emergency Alert System
      16. Audio Processing Equipment
      17. Signal Distribution
      18. IP-Based Studio Infrastructure (“Audio Over IP”)
      19. Ancillary Systems
      20. Radio Master Control
      21. Facilities for IBOC Operations
      22. Radio Data Services
      23. Internet Radio Operations
      24. Other Considerations
    2. 9 Television Studios and Playout Facilities
      1. Station and Network Operations
      2. Types of Studios
      3. Studio Characteristics
      4. System Considerations
      5. Studio System
      6. Post-Production Edit Suites
      7. Picture and Waveform Monitoring
      8. Television Cameras
      9. Film in Television
      10. Video Recording
      11. Video Editing
      12. SMPTE Timecode
      13. Video Servers
      14. Nonlinear Editing
      15. Character Generators and Computer Graphics
      16. Electronic Newsroom
      17. Signal Distribution
      18. Video Timing
      19. File-B ased Workflows
      20. Audio for Television
      21. Ancillary Systems
      22. Ingest and Conversion
      23. IP-Based Studio Infrastructure
      24. Television Master Control
      25. Television Automation
      26. ATSC Encoding and Multiplexing
      27. Multicasting Operations
      28. Closed Captioning
      29. Video Description
      30. Alternate Language Audio
      31. PSIP Generator
      32. Data Broadcasting Equipment
      33. Advanced Programming Services
      34. Bitstream Distribution and Splicing
      35. Signal Delivery to MVPD Headends
      36. Internet TV Services
    3. 10 Remote Broadcasting
      1. Radio News Gathering
      2. Radio Remote Production
      3. Television News Gathering
      4. Television Remote Production
    4. 11 Links
      1. Link Architectures
      2. Contribution Links for Radio
      3. Contribution Links for Television
      4. Network Distribution Links for Radio and Television
      5. Studio-Transmitter Links for Radio and Television
  10. Transmission Standards and Systems
    1. 12 Analog Radio
      1. AM Transmission
      2. Emissions Masks
      3. FM Transmission
      4. Stereo Coding
      5. Subcarriers
    2. 13 IBOC Digital Radio
      1. Phased IBOC Introduction
      2. Carriers and Channels for IBOC
      3. Modulation and Forward Error Correction
      4. Audio Data Compression
      5. AM IBOC
      6. FM IBOC
      7. Program and Service Data (PSD)
      8. Digital Radio Data Broadcasting
      9. Advanced Services
      10. HD Radio Standardization
    3. 14 Alternate Radio Delivery Systems
      1. Internet Radio Streaming
      2. Audio Podcasting
      3. Mobile Radio “APPS”
      4. Converged Receivers: “Connected Cars” and Radios in Smartphones
      5. Hybrid Radio
      6. Audio-Only Service Via DTV
    4. 15 NTSC Analog Television
      1. Carriers and Channels for Analog TV
      2. Video Signal
      3. Audio Signal
      4. Vertical Blanking Interval (VBI) Ancillary Information
      5. Closed Captioning and Content Advisory Ratings
      6. Analog TV Receiver
    5. 16 ATSC Digital Television
      1. ATSC and the FCC
      2. The U.S. Digital TV Transition
      3. DTV System
      4. Carriers and Channels for DTV
      5. 8-VSB Modulation
      6. ATSC Compressed Bitstream
      7. ATSC Video Formats
      8. Aspect Ratio Management
      9. MPEG-2 Compression
      10. Advanced Video Codecs
      11. Compression Artifacts
      12. AC-3 Audio
      13. Advanced Audio Codecs
      14. Multiplexing
      15. Multicasting
      16. Closed Captions
      17. Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP)
      18. Data Broadcasting and Interactive Television
      19. Content Protection (Conditional Access)
      20. Advanced ATSC Services
    6. 17 Alternate Television Delivery Systems
      1. Internet Television Streaming and Downloading
      2. Connected Television
      3. Video Podcasting
      4. Mobile Television “APPS”
      5. Second Screen and Social TV
      6. Hybrid TV
    7. 18 Next-Generation Broadcast Television Systems
      1. Proposed Differences from Current Systems
      2. System Proposals around the World
      3. New Directions in Audience Measurement
    8. 19 Transmitter Site Facilities
      1. Incoming Feeds
      2. Processing Equipment
      3. Exciters
      4. Power Amplifiers
      5. Transmission Lines and Other Equipment
      6. AM Antenna Systems
      7. FM and TV Antennas
      8. Towers
      9. Translators and Repeaters
      10. Transmitter Remote Control
      11. Backup Systems
    9. 20 Radio Wave Propagation and Broadcast Regulation
      1. AM Propagation
      2. FM Propagation
      3. IBOC Considerations
      4. TV VHF and UHF Propagation
      5. Spectrum Allocation
      6. FCC Rules
      7. Spectrum Auctions
    10. 21 Conclusion
      1. Further Information
  11. Index