You are previewing 4G: LTE/LTE-Advanced for Mobile Broadband, 2nd Edition.
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4G: LTE/LTE-Advanced for Mobile Broadband, 2nd Edition

Book Description

This book focuses on LTE with full updates including LTE-Advanced (Release-11) to provide a complete picture of the LTE system.  Detailed explanations are given for the latest LTE standards for radio interface architecture, the physical layer, access procedures, broadcast, relaying, spectrum and RF characteristics, and system performance.

Key technologies presented include multi-carrier transmission, advanced single-carrier transmission, advanced receivers, OFDM, MIMO and adaptive antenna solutions, radio resource management and protocols, and different radio network architectures. Their role and use in the context of mobile broadband access in general is explained, giving both a high-level overview and more detailed step-by-step explanations.  

This book is a must-have resource for engineers and other professionals in the telecommunications industry, working with cellular or wireless broadband technologies, giving an understanding of how to utilize the new technology in order to stay ahead of the competition.

New to this edition: 

    • In-depth description of CoMP and enhanced multi-antenna transmission including new reference-signal structures and feedback mechanisms
    • Detailed description of the support for heterogeneous deployments provided by the latest 3GPP release
    • Detailed description of new enhanced downlink control-channel structure (EPDDCH)

    • New RF configurations including operation in non-contiguous spectrum, multi-bands base stations and new frequency bands
    • Overview of 5G as a set of well-integrated radio-access technologies, including support for higher frequency bands and flexible spectrum management, massive antenna configurations, and ultra-dense deployments




      • Covers a complete update to the latest 3GPP Release-11
      • Two new chapters on HetNet, covering small cells/heterogeneous deployments, and CoMP, including Inter-site coordination
      • Overview of current status of LTE release 12 including further enhancements of local-area, CoMP and multi-antenna transmission, Machine-type-communication, Device-to-device communication

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Abbreviations and Acronyms
  8. Chapter 1. Background of LTE
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Evolution of mobile systems before LTE
    4. 1.3 ITU activities
    5. 1.4 Drivers for LTE and LTE-Advanced
    6. 1.5 Standardization of LTE
  9. Chapter 2. High Data Rates in Mobile Communication
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 High data rates: fundamental constraints
    3. 2.2 Higher data rates within a limited bandwidth: higher-order modulation
    4. 2.3 Wider bandwidth including multi-carrier transmission
  10. Chapter 3. OFDM Transmission
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Basic principles of OFDM
    3. 3.2 OFDM demodulation
    4. 3.3 OFDM implementation using IFFT/FFT processing
    5. 3.4 Cyclic-prefix insertion
    6. 3.5 Frequency-domain model of OFDM transmission
    7. 3.6 Channel estimation and reference symbols
    8. 3.7 Frequency diversity with OFDM: importance of channel coding
    9. 3.8 Selection of basic OFDM parameters
    10. 3.9 Variations in instantaneous transmission power
    11. 3.10 OFDM as a user-multiplexing and multiple-access scheme
    12. 3.11 Multi-cell broadcast/multicast transmission and OFDM
  11. Chapter 4. Wider-Band “Single-Carrier” Transmission
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Equalization against radio-channel frequency selectivity
    3. 4.2 Uplink FDMA with flexible bandwidth assignment
    4. 4.3 DFT-spread OFDM
  12. Chapter 5. Multi-Antenna Techniques
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Multi-antenna configurations
    3. 5.2 Benefits of multi-antenna techniques
    4. 5.3 Multiple receive antennas
    5. 5.4 Multiple transmit antennas
    6. 5.5 Spatial multiplexing
  13. Chapter 6. Scheduling, Link Adaptation, and Hybrid ARQ
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Link adaptation: power and rate control
    3. 6.2 Channel-dependent scheduling
    4. 6.3 Advanced retransmission schemes
    5. 6.4 Hybrid ARQ with soft combining
  14. Chapter 7. LTE Radio Access: An Overview
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Basic principles
    3. 7.2 LTE release 9
    4. 7.3 LTE release 10 and IMT-advanced
    5. 7.4 Release 11
    6. 7.5 Terminal capabilities
  15. Chapter 8. Radio-Interface Architecture
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Overall system architecture
    3. 8.2 Radio protocol architecture
    4. 8.3 Control-plane protocols
  16. Chapter 9. Physical Transmission Resources
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Overall time–frequency structure
    3. 9.2 Normal subframes and MBSFN subframes
    4. 9.3 Antenna ports
    5. 9.4 Duplex schemes
    6. 9.5 Carrier aggregation
    7. 9.6 Frequency-domain location of LTE carriers
  17. Chapter 10. Downlink Physical-Layer Processing
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Transport-channel processing
    3. 10.2 Downlink reference signals
    4. 10.3 Multi-antenna transmission
    5. 10.4 Downlink L1/L2 control signaling
  18. Chapter 11. Uplink Physical-Layer Processing
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1 Transport-channel processing
    3. 11.2 Uplink reference signals
    4. 11.3 Uplink multi-antenna transmission
    5. 11.4 Uplink L1/L2 control signaling
    6. 11.5 Uplink power control
    7. 11.6 Uplink timing alignment
  19. Chapter 12. Retransmission Protocols
    1. Abstract
    2. 12.1 Hybrid ARQ with soft combining
    3. 12.2 Radio-link control
  20. Chapter 13. Scheduling and Rate Adaptation
    1. Abstract
    2. 13.1 Downlink scheduling
    3. 13.2 Uplink scheduling
    4. 13.3 Timing of scheduling assignments/grants
    5. 13.4 Semi-persistent scheduling
    6. 13.5 Scheduling for half-duplex FDD
    7. 13.6 Discontinuous reception (DRX) and component carrier deactivation
    8. 13.7 Channel-state information
  21. Chapter 14. Access Procedures
    1. Abstract
    2. 14.1 Acquisition and cell search
    3. 14.2 System information
    4. 14.3 Random access
    5. 14.4 Paging
  22. Chapter 15. Multi-Point Coordination and Transmission
    1. Abstract
    2. 15.1 Release-8 inter-cell interference coordination
    3. 15.2 Releases-10/11 multi-point coordination/transmission
  23. Chapter 16. Heterogeneous Deployments
    1. Abstract
    2. 16.1 Interference scenarios in heterogeneous deployments
    3. 16.2 Heterogeneous deployments using rel-8 functionality
    4. 16.3 Frequency-domain partitioning
    5. 16.4 Time-domain partitioning
    6. 16.5 Shared cell
    7. 16.6 Closed subscriber groups
  24. Chapter 17. Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Services
    1. Abstract
    2. 17.1 Architecture
    3. 17.2 Overall channel structure and physical-layer processing
    4. 17.3 Scheduling of MBMS services
  25. Chapter 18. Relaying
    1. Abstract
    2. 18.1 Relays in LTE
    3. 18.2 Overall architecture
    4. 18.3 Backhaul design for inband relaying
  26. Chapter 19. Spectrum and RF Characteristics
    1. Abstract
    2. 19.1 Spectrum for LTE
    3. 19.2 Flexible spectrum use
    4. 19.3 Flexible channel bandwidth operation
    5. 19.4 Carrier aggregation for LTE
    6. 19.5 Operation in non-contiguous spectrum
    7. 19.6 Multi-standard radio base stations
    8. 19.7 Overview of RF requirements for LTE
    9. 19.8 Output power level requirements
    10. 19.9 Transmitted signal quality
    11. 19.10 Unwanted emissions requirements
    12. 19.11 Sensitivity and dynamic range
    13. 19.12 Receiver susceptibility to interfering signals
    14. 19.13 Multi-band-capable base stations
    15. 19.14 RF requirements for relays
  27. Chapter 20. Performance
    1. Abstract
    2. 20.1 Performance assessment
    3. 20.2 Performance in terms of peak data rates and latency
    4. 20.3 Performance evaluation of LTE-advanced
    5. 20.4 Conclusion
  28. Chapter 21. Future Radio Access—Final Thoughts
    1. Abstract
    2. 21.1 Continued LTE evolution beyond release 11
    3. 21.2 New radio access
    4. 21.3 Final thoughts
  29. References
  30. Index