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3G Evolution, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Reflecting the recent completion of LTE’s specification, the new edition of this bestseller has been fully updated to provide a complete picture of the LTE system. The latest LTE standards are included on the radio interface architecture, the physical layer, access procedures, MBMS, together with three brand new chapters on LTE Transmission Procedures, Flexible Bandwidth in LTE and LTE evolution into IMT-Advanced.

Key technologies presented include multi-carrier transmission, advanced single-carrier transmission, advanced receivers, OFDM, MIMO and adaptive antenna solutions, advanced radio resource management and protocols, and different radio network architectures. Their role and use in the context of mobile broadband access in general is explained. Both a high-level overview and more detailed step-by-step explanations of HSPA and LTE implementation are given. An overview of other related systems such as TD SCDMA, CDMA2000, and WiMAX is also provided.

The new edition has up-to-date coverage of the recently published LTE Release 8 radio-access standard, giving the reader insight into the ongoing and future process of LTE and LTE-Advanced standardisation.

Coverage on LTE in this edition includes ( total of 270 pages on LTE):

  • Easy-to-access overview of the LTE protocol layers
  • Complete description of LTE physical layer including reference signals, control signalling, multi-antenna transmission schemes
  • Covers both FDD and TDD, their fundamental difference and their impact on the LTE design
  • Detailed description of access procedures including cell search, random access, broadcast of system information
  • Transmission procedures, including retransmission protocols, scheduling, uplink power control
  • Evolution towards IMT-Advanced ("4G")

"Reading a specification requires some effort. After reading the spec, you would know WHAT to transmit, but not WHY and HOW. This is where our book becomes important. Not only does it provide an easy-to-read description of the signals, procedures, and mechanisms in LTE, it also tells you WHY a certain signal, channel or procedure is present and HOW it is used. After reading the book, you will have a good understanding on how LTE works and why it is designed the way it is." - the authors

The authors of the book all work at Ericsson Research and are deeply involved in 3G development and standardisation since the early days of 3G research. They are leading experts in the field and are today still actively contributing to the standardisation of both HSPA and LTE within 3GPP. This includes details of the standards and technologies (160 new pages): LTE radio interface architecture, LTE physical layer and LTE access procedures.



  • Includes details of the standards and technologies (160 new pages): LTE radio interface architecture, LTE physical layer and LTE access procedures
  • Contains three brand new chapters on LTE: Transmission Procedures, Flexible Bandwidth and LTE Evolution and expanded details on the physical layer (total LTE content is 270 pages)
  • Examines the latest developments in the evolution of LTE into IMT-Advanced, the next stage of 3G Evolution
  • Gives clear explanations of the role of OFDM and MIMO technologies in HSPA and LTE
  • Outlines the System Architecture Evolution (SAE) supporting LTE and HSPA evolution
  • Table of Contents

    1. Copyright
    2. Brief Table of Contents
    3. Table of Contents
    4. List of Figures
    5. List of Tables
    6. Preface
    7. Acknowledgements
    8. Part I. Introduction
      1. Chapter 1. Background of 3G Evolution
        1. 1.1. History and Background of 3G
        2. 1.2. Standardization
        3. 1.3. Spectrum for 3G and Systems Beyond 3G
      2. Chapter 2. The Motives Behind The 3G Evolution
        1. 2.1. Driving Forces
        2. 2.2. 3G Evolution: Two Radio Access Network Approaches and an Evolved Core Network
    9. Part II. Technologies for 3G Evolution
      1. Chapter 3. High Data Rates in Mobile Communication
        1. 3.1. High Data Rates: Fundamental Constraints
        2. 3.2. Higher Data Rates Within a Limited Bandwidth: Higher-order Modulation
        3. 3.3. Wider Bandwidth Including Multi-carrier Transmission
      2. Chapter 4. OFDM Transmission
        1. 4.1. Basic Principles of OFDM
        2. 4.2. OFDM Demodulation
        3. 4.3. OFDM Implementation Using IFFT/FFT Processing
        4. 4.4. Cyclic-prefix Insertion
        5. 4.5. Frequency-domain Model of OFDM Transmission
        6. 4.6. Channel Estimation and Reference Symbols
        7. 4.7. Frequency Diversity with OFDM: Importance of Channel Coding
        8. 4.8. Selection of Basic OFDM Parameters
        9. 4.9. Variations in Instantaneous Transmission Power
        10. 4.10. OFDM as a User-multiplexing and Multiple-access Scheme
        11. 4.11. Multi-cell Broadcast/multicast Transmission and OFDM
      3. Chapter 5. Wider-band ‘Single-carrier’ Transmission
        1. 5.1. Equalization Against Radio-channel Frequency Selectivity
        2. 5.2. Uplink FDMA with Flexible Bandwidth Assignment
        3. 5.3. DFT-spread OFDM
      4. Chapter 6. Multi-antenna Techniques
        1. 6.1. Multi-antenna Configurations
        2. 6.2. Benefits of Multi-antenna Techniques
        3. 6.3. Multiple Receive Antennas
        4. 6.4. Multiple Transmit Antennas
        5. 6.5. Spatial Multiplexing
      5. Chapter 7. Scheduling, Link Adaptation and Hybrids ARQ
        1. 7.1. Link Adaptation: Power and Rate Control
        2. 7.2. Channel-dependent Scheduling
        3. 7.3. Advanced Retransmission Schemes
        4. 7.4. Hybrid ARQ with Soft Combining
    10. Part III. HSPA
      1. Chapter 8. WCDMA Evolution
        1. 8.1. WCDMA: Brief Overview
      2. Chapter 9. High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
        1. 9.1. Overview
        2. 9.2. Details of HSDPA
        3. 9.3. Finer Details of HSDPA
      3. Chapter 10. Enhanced Uplink
        1. 10.1. Overview
        2. 10.2. Details of Enhanced Uplink
        3. 10.3. Finer Details of Enhanced Uplink
      4. Chapter 11. MBMS
        1. 11.1. Overview
        2. 11.2. Details of MBMS
      5. Chapter 12. HSPA Evolution
        1. 12.1. MIMO
        2. 12.2. Higher-Order Modulation
        3. 12.3. Continuous Packet Connectivity
        4. 12.4. Enhanced CELL_FACH Operation
        5. 12.5. Layer 2 Protocol Enhancements
        6. 12.6. Advanced Receivers
        7. 12.7. MBSFN Operation
        8. 12.8. Conclusion
    11. Part IV. LTE and SAE
      1. Chapter 13. LTE and SAE: Introduction Anddesign Targets
        1. 13.1. LTE Design Targets
        2. 13.2. SAE Design Targets
      2. Chapter 14. LTE Radio Access: an Overview
        1. 14.1. LTE Transmission Schemes: Downlink OFDM and Uplink DFTS-OFDM/SC-FDMA
        2. 14.2. Channel-Dependent Scheduling and Rate Adaptation
        3. 14.3. Hybrid ARQ with Soft Combining
        4. 14.4. Multiple Antenna Support
        5. 14.5. Multicast and Broadcast Support
        6. 14.6. Spectrum Flexibility
      3. Chapter 15. LTE radio interface architecture
        1. 15.1. Radio Link Control
        2. 15.2. Medium Access Control
        3. 15.3. Physical Layer
        4. 15.4. Terminal States
        5. 15.5. Data Flow
      4. Chapter 16. Downlink Transmission Scheme
        1. 16.1. Overall Time-Domain Structure and Duplex Alternatives
        2. 16.2. The Downlink Physical Resource
        3. 16.3. Downlink Reference Signals
        4. 16.4. Downlink L1/L2 Control Signaling
        5. 16.5. Downlink Transport-Channel Processing
        6. 16.6. Multi-Antenna Transmission
        7. 16.7. MBSFN Transmission and MCH
      5. Chapter 17. Uplink Transmission Scheme
        1. 17.1. The Uplink Physical Resource
        2. 17.2. Uplink Reference Signals
        3. 17.3. Uplink L1/L2 Control Signaling
        4. 17.4. Uplink Transport-channel Processing
        5. 17.5. PUSCH Frequency Hopping
      6. Chapter 18. LTE Access Procedures
        1. 18.1. Acquisition and Cell Search
        2. 18.2. System Information
        3. 18.3. Random Access
        4. 18.4. Paging
      7. Chapter 19. LTE Transmission Procedures
        1. 19.1. RLC and Hybrid-ARQ Protocol Operation
        2. 19.2. Scheduling and Rate Adaptation
        3. 19.3. Uplink Power Control
        4. 19.4. Discontinuous Reception (DRX)
        5. 19.5. Uplink Timing Alignment
        6. 19.6. UE Categories
      8. Chapter 20. Flexible Bandwidth in LTE
        1. 20.1. Spectrum for LTE
        2. 20.2. Flexible Spectrum Use
        3. 20.3. Flexible Channel Bandwidth Operation
        4. 20.4. Requirements to Support Flexible Bandwidth
      9. Chapter 21. System Architecture Evolution
        1. 21.1. Functional split between radio access network and core network
        2. 21.2. HSPA/WCDMA and LTE radio access network
        3. 21.3. Core network architecture
      10. Chapter 22. LTE-Advanced
        1. 22.1. IMT-2000 Development
        2. 22.3. Technical Components of LTE-Advanced
        3. 22.4. Conclusion
    12. Part V. Performance and Concluding Remarks
      1. Chapter 23. Performance of 3G evolution
        1. 23.1. Performance Assessment
        2. 23.2. Performance in Terms of Peak Data Rates
        3. 23.3. Performance Evaluation of 3G Evolution
        4. 23.3.1. Models and Assumptions
        5. 23.4. Evaluation of LTE in 3GPP
        6. 23.5. Conclusion
      2. Chapter 24. Other wireless communications systems
        1. 24.1. Utra tdd
        2. 24.2. TD-SCDMA (low chip rate UTRA TDD)
        3. 24.3. CDMA2000
        4. 24.4. GSM/EDGE
        5. 24.5. WiMAX (IEEE 802.16)
        6. 24.6. Mobile Broadband Wireless Access (IEEE 802.20)
        7. 24.7. Summary
      3. Chapter 25. Future evolution
        1. 25.1. IMT-Advanced
        2. 25.2. The research community
        3. 25.3. Standardization bodies
        4. 25.4. Concluding remarks
    13. Bibliography
      1. References
    14. Index
      1. SYMBOL
      2. A
      3. B
      4. C
      5. D
      6. E
      7. F
      8. G
      9. H
      10. I
      11. L
      12. M
      13. N
      14. O
      15. P
      16. Q
      17. R
      18. S
      19. T
      20. U
      21. V
      22. W
      23. X