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3D Printed Science Projects: Ideas for Your Classroom, Science Fair, or Home

Book Description

3D Printed Science Projects describes how to create 3D printable models that can help students from kindergarten through grad school learn math, physics, botany, chemistry, engineering and more. Each of the eight topics is designed to be customized by the reader to create a wide range of projects suitable for science fairs, extra credit, or classroom demonstrations. Science fair project suggestions and extensive "where to learn more" resources are included, too. You will add another dimension to your textbook understanding of science.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents at a Glance
  6. Contents
  7. About the Authors
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. Introduction
  10. Chapter 1: 3D Math Functions
    1. Math Modeling for 3D Printing
      1. 3D Printing
      2. Math Background
    2. Creating Surfaces Entirely in OpenSCAD
      1. Making a Smooth Surface with a Flat Bottom
      2. Making a Two-Sided Smoothed Surface
      3. Very Simple Model to Make a “Blocky” One-Sided Surface
    3. Creating Surfaces from an External Data File
      1. Example: Using a Python Program to Generate Data for a Thin Surface
      2. Constraints
    4. Where to Learn More
    5. Teacher Tips
    6. Science Fair Project Ideas
    7. Summary
  11. Chapter 2: Light and Other Waves
    1. Physics and Math Background
      1. Coordinate System and Conventions
      2. Principle of Superposition
    2. Some Basic Examples
      1. Point Sources and Plane Waves
      2. Two Interacting Sources
    3. More Complex Examples: Diffraction
      1. The Double-Slit Experiment
      2. One-Slit Examples
    4. Printing Considerations
    5. Where to Learn More
    6. Teacher Tips
    7. Science Fair Project Ideas
      1. More Wave Interaction Models
      2. Magnetism Explorations
    8. Summary
  12. Chapter 3: Gravity
    1. Universal Gravitation
    2. Gravitational Potential Wells
      1. Earth-Moon System Model
      2. Algol Model
    3. Orbits
      1. Halley’s Comet Orbit Model
      2. Inner Solar System Model
    4. Printing Tips
    5. Where to Learn More
    6. Teacher Tips
    7. Science Fair Project Ideas
    8. Summary
  13. Chapter 4: Airfoils
    1. How Airfoils Work
      1. Flight Forces: Lift, Drag, Gravity, and Thrust
      2. Chord, Camber, and Thickness
      3. NACA Airfoils
      4. Classic Airplanes Using NACA Airfoils
      5. Using the 3D-Printed Airfoil Models
    2. Measuring Lift
    3. Printing Suggestions
    4. Where to Learn More
      1. Building a Student Wind Tunnel
      2. Visualizing Flow
      3. Scaling a Model
    5. Teacher Tips
    6. Science Fair Project Ideas
    7. Summary
  14. Chapter 5: Simple Machines
    1. Physics Background
    2. The Machines
      1. Inclined Plane and Wedge
      2. Lever
      3. Screw
      4. Wheel, Axle, and Pulley
    3. Printing Suggestions
    4. Where to Learn More
    5. Teacher Tips
    6. Science Fair Project Ideas
    7. Summary
  15. Chapter 6: Plants and Their Ecosystems
    1. Botany Background
      1. Water
      2. Sunlight
      3. Nutrients
      4. Plant Communities
    2. The Mathematics of Plant Growth
      1. The Golden Ratio
      2. The Golden Angle
      3. Fibonacci Sequence
      4. Phyllotaxis
    3. The Models
      1. Desert Plants
      2. Tropical Jungle Plants
      3. Flowers
    4. Printing the Models
      1. Plant and Flower Models
      2. Jungle Plant Leaf Model
      3. Printing Suggestions
    5. Where to Learn More
    6. Teacher Tips
    7. Science Fair Project Ideas
    8. Summary
  16. Chapter 7: Molecules
    1. Chemistry Background
      1. Valence Electrons and the Periodic Table
      2. Basic Orbital Shapes
    2. Carbon Atom Model
      1. Printing the Carbon Atom
      2. How to Assemble the Carbon Atom Model
    3. Water Molecules
      1. The Water Molecule Model
      2. The Carbon vs. Water Molecule Model
    4. Crystals
      1. Water Ice
      2. Diamond
    5. Printing Suggestions
    6. Where to Learn More
    7. Teacher Tips
    8. Science Fair Project Ideas
    9. Summary
  17. Chapter 8: Trusses
    1. Engineering Background
      1. Why Triangular Structures?
      2. Forces on Planar (“2D”) Truss Members
      3. The Space (3D) Truss
      4. Tensegrity Structures
    2. The Models
      1. 2D Truss Model
      2. Tensegrity Structure Model
      3. Assembling the 3-Rod Tensegrity Prism
    3. Printing These Models
    4. Where to Learn More
    5. Teacher Tips
    6. Science Fair Project Ideas
    7. A Few Last Words About Making Things
    8. Summary
  18. Appendix A: 3D Printing
    1. The 3D Printing Process
      1. Filament-based 3D Printing
      2. File Types
    2. OpenSCAD
      1. Downloading OpenSCAD
      2. Editing the Models
      3. Ideosyncracies of OpenSCAD
    3. MatterControl
      1. Printers MatterControl Supports
      2. Downloading and Installing MatterControl
      3. Using MatterControl
      4. Settings
    4. Archives and Repositories
  19. Appendix B: Links
    1. About the Authors
    2. Chapter 1: 3D Math Functions
    3. Chapter 2: Light and Other Waves
    4. Chapter 3: Gravity
    5. Chapter 4: Airfoils
    6. Chapter 5: Simple Machines
    7. Chapter 6: Plants and Their Ecosystems
    8. Chapter 7: Molecules
    9. Chapter 8: Trusses
    10. Appendix A: 3D Printing
  20. Index